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Magna Carter/Great Charter

agreement that gave rights to people of England and limited the power of their monarch

Parliament

lawmaking body of the English

Common Law

a system of law based on precedents and customs

Precedent

a ruling in an earlier case which can be used in a present case

Mayflower Compact

an agreement written by pilgrims in 1620 that created rules and a direct democracy for the new colony

Direct Democracy

an agreement signed in the Mayflower Compact which stated that all adult males could vote and that majority would rule

House of Burgesses

a lawamaking body which marked the beginning of representative self-government in Virginia

Town Meetings

gatherings of local citizens to discuss and vote on important issues

Natural Rights

a political theory that individuals have basic rights given to them by nature or God that no individual or government can deny

Common good/Civic Virtue

the good of a community

Continental Congress

either of two legislative congresses during and after the Revolutionary War

1st Continental Congress

September 5 to October 26, 1774, to petition the British government for a redress of grievances

2nd Continental Congress

May 10, 1775, to 1789, which issued the Declaration of Independence and established the Articles of Confederation

English Bill of Rights

the first 10 amendments to the Constitution

Limited Government

when a governments powers become limited

Republic

a colony in which the supreme power rests in the body of the citizens who are entitled to vote

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