English 102 final

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terms for english 102

verse

refers to any single line of poerty

paraphase

the restatement in ones own words of what one understands a poem to say or suggest

Summary

a brief condensation of the main idea or plot of a work

subject

the main topic of a work, whatever the work is "about"

Theme

a generally recurring subject or idea noticeably evident in a literary work

lyric poem

a short poem expressing the thoughts and feelings of a single speaker

narrative poem

a poem that tells a story

dramatic monologue

a poem written as a speech made by a character at some decisive moment

didactic poem

a poem intended to teach a moral lesson or impart a body of knowledge

Tone

the mood or manner of expression in a literary work

satiric poetry

poetry that blends criticism with humor to convey a message, usually through the use of irony

persona

Latin for "mask". a fictitious character created by an author to be the speaker of a literary work

irony

IN language, a discrepancy between what is said and what is meant.

verbal irony

a mode of expression in which the speaker or writer says the opposite of what is really meant.

sarcasm

a style of bitter irony intended to hurt or mock its target

dramatic irony

a situation in which the larger implications of a characters words, action, or situation are unrealized by that character but seen by the author and the reader or audience

cosmic irony

the contrast between a character's position or aspiration and the treatment he or she receives at the hands of a seemingly hostile fate. "irony of fate"

Diction

word choice or vocabulary

concrete diction

words that specifically name or describe things or persons

abstract diction

words that express general ideas or concepts

poetic diction

strictly speaking,any language deemed suitable for verse

allusion

a brief, sometimes indirect, reference in a text to a person. place, or thing

Vulgate

the lowest level of diction contains foul or inappropriate language.

colloquial English

The casual or informal but correct language of ordinary native speakers. contains slang

general english

the ordinary speech of educated native speakers. common writing. more educated than colloquial english

formal english

the heightene, impersonal language of educated persons, usually only written

dialect

a particular variety of language spoken by an identifiable

denotation

the literal, dictionary meaning of a word

connotation

an association or additional meaning that a word, image, or phase may carry, apart from its literal denotation or dictionary definition.

image

a word or series of word that refers to any sensory experience

imagery

the collective set of images in a poem or other literary work

Haiku

a Japanese verse form that has three unrhymed line of five, seven, and five syllables

simile

a comparison of two things, indicated by some connective , usually like, as, or than. comparison of two things

metaphor

a statement that one thing is something else, which, in a literal sense, it is not

implied metaphor

a metaphor that uses neither connectives nor the verb to be

mixed metaphor

the combining of two more incompatible metaphors, resulting in nonsense

personification

the endowing of a thin, an animal, or an abstract term with human characteristics.

apostrophe

a direct address to someone or something

overstatement

also called hyoerbole. exaggeration used to emphasize a point

Understatement

an ironic figure of speech that deliberately describes something in a way that is less than the case

alliteration

The repetition of a consonant sound in a line of verse or prose.

assonance

The repetition of two or more vowel sounds in successive words

cacophony

a harsh, discordant sound often mirroring the meaning of the context in which it is used.

euphony

the harmonious effect when the sound of the words connect with the meaning in a way pleasing to the ear and mind

onomatopoeia

an attempt to represent a thing or action by a word that imitates the sound associated with it

rime

two or more words that contain an identical or similar vowel, usually accented

exact rime

full rime in which the sounds following the inital letters

consonance

also called slant rime.linked words share similar consonant sounds

internal rime

Rime that occurs within a line of poetry as opposed to end rime

masculine rime

either a rime of one-syllable words or final syllables

feminine rime

a rime of two or more syllables with stress on a syllable other than the last

stress

an emphasis, or accent placed on a syllable speech

slack syllable

unstressed syllable in a verse

rhythm

the recurring patter of stresses and pauses in a poem.

Meter

a fixed rhythm in a poem

prosody

they study of metrical structures in poetry

scansion

a practice used to describe rythmic pattern in a poem by separating

cesura or caesura

a light but definite pause within a line of verse. often appears in the middle of a line

run on line

a line of verse that does not end in punctuation, but carries on grammatically to the next line.

end stopped line

a line of verse that ends in a full pause, often indicated by a mark of punctuation.

foot

the basic unit of measurement in metrical poetry

iamb

a metrical foot in verse in which an unaccented syllable if followed by an accented one

iambic pentameter

the most common meter in English verse, five iambic feet per line.

anapest

two unstressed syllable is followed by a stressed syllable

trochee

one stressed syllable followed by one unstressed.

Dactyl

one stressed syllable followed by two unstressed ones

spondee

verse consisting of two stressed syllable

accentual meter

verse meter based on the number of stress per line nott the number of syllables

form

literary work expresses its content. poetry, form usually used to describe the design of a poem

fixed form

a traditional verse form requiring certain predetermine elements of structure.

closed form

a generic term that describe poetry written in a pattern or meter

open form

verse that has no set scheme . also called free verse

blank verse

contains five iambic feet per line and is not rimed

couplet

a two line stanza in poetry, usually rimed and with lines of equal length

closed couplet

two rimed lines of imabic pentameter that usaully contain an independent and complete though or statement. also called heroic couplet.

quatrain

a stanza consisting of four lines. it is the most common stanza

epic

a long narrative poem tracing the adventures of a popular her

epigram

a very short , comic poem, often turing at the end with some sharp with unexpected stinger.

ballad

a song that tells a story

folk ballads

anonymous narrative songs, usually in a ballad meter

ballad stanza

the most common pattern for a ballad, consisting of four lines rimed.

literary ballad

a ballad not meant for singing, written by sophisticated poets

sonnet

a fixed form of fourteen lines

Italian sonnet

also called petrarchan sonnet, it rimes the octave

english sonnet

also called Shakespearean sonnet organized into three quatrains

open form

poems that have neither a rime scheme nor a basic meter

free verse

french"vers libre". lines in poetry wit no consistent meter

prose poetry

poetic language printed in prose paragraphs, though with careful attention sound and imagery

symbol

A person, place, or thing in a narratice that suggest meaning beyond its literal sense

allegory

a description-often narrative- in which the literal events consistently point to a parallel sequence of ideas

symbolic act

an action whose significance goes beyond its literal meaning.

conventional symbol

symbols that because of their frequent use have acquired a standard significance

myth

a traditional narrative of anonymous authorship that arises out of a cultures oral tradition

archetype

a recurring symbol, character, landscape, or event found in myth and literature across different cultures and eras

exposition

The opening portion of a narrative or drama

foreshadowing

the technique of arranging event and information in such a way that later events are prepared for beforehand

double plot

also called subplot. a second story or plotline that is complete. inverting the main plot

conflict

the central struggle between two or more forces

crisis

a point when a crucial action, decision, or realization must be made

climax

the moment of greatest intensity

resolution

the final part of a narrative, concluding action

unites

unity of time, place or action the three formal qualities

soliloquy

in dram, a speech by a character alone onstage in which he or she utter there thought aloud

aside

a speech that a character addresses directly to the audience

stage business

nonverbal action that engages the attention of an audience

tragedy

a play that portrays a serious conflict between human beings and some superior, overwhelming force

comedy

a literar work aimed at amusing and audience

high comedy

a comic genre evoking thoughtful laughter in response to the play depiction of the folly, pretense, and hypocrisy of human behavior

satiric comedy

a genre using derisive humor to ridicule human weakness and folly or attack political injustices and incompetence.

romantic comedy

a form of comic drama in which the plot focuses on one or pairs of young lovers who overcome difficulties to achieve a happy ending

low comedy

a comic style arousing laughter through jokes, slapstick antics, sight gags, boisterous clowning, vulgar humor

burlesque

a broadly humorous parody of travesty of another play

farce

A broadly humorous play whose action is usually fast moving and improbable

slapstick comedy

a kind of farce

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