Exam 2

Created by jcristello 

Upgrade to
remove ads

50 terms

The earliest step in information processing is

sensory memory

What types of tasks will result in automatic processing in older adults?

When tasks are quite easy they can become automatic

One possible reason older adults have more difficulty with selective attention is

a decrease in processing resources

Age differences on divided attention tasks can

be reduced by increasing older adults' practice with the tasks.

Salthouse suggests that differences in working memory might be the result of

slower processing speed

Semantic memory is defined as involving which type of ability?

recalling the definition of a word or a historical fact

An older adult with Alzheimer's disease can't remember what he ate for lunch 10 minutes ago, but can remember the name of his childhood dog. This illustrates what type of common memory deficit in Alzheimer's disease patients?

Episodic memory

Remembering the name of your 1st grade teacher 15 years later suggesets that the information is stored in

autobiographical memory

The best conclusion about age differences in retrieval is that

older adults are less efficient when generation retrieval cues than younger adults

Older adults are more susceptible to scams and con artists because they are more susceptible to

false memories

Research has shown that when older adults are asked to predict how well they will perform on a memory task, they are more accurate when

they have direct experience with the task

Which of the following is not a primary mental ability?

fluid intelligence

Longitudinal sequential research on primary mental abilities reveals

little practical decline until age 60

Which of the following is not a moderator of intellectural change?

gender

The fact that younger generations generally do better on primary mental abilities than older generations is an example of

a cohort effect

Schaie (1995) reported that individuals with which personality characteristic at midlife tend to experience fewer declines in intellectual competence?

flexible attitude

With respect to health and intellectual performance

the connection between cardiovascular disease and intelligence is well established

Project ADEPT showed that

training and booster sessions resulted in improved performance

According to Piaget's theory, changing one's thoughts to make a better approximation of the world is called

accommodation

Research on developmental trends in formal operations shows that

some adults never attain this level

Postformal thought is characterized by all of the following except

there is only one correct answer

Reasoning about highly emotionally-charged dilemmas

is easier for middle-aged adults

Which of the following is NOT true of older adults' decision making?

Older adults' quality of decisions is not as good as younger adults

Research on wisdom shows that it is most associated with

life experience

Everyone describes Sharon as a nice person who is always helpful. This description best represents the personality concept of

traits

Research on Costa and McCrae's model of personality traits shows

strong support for long-term stability

In addition to methodological concerns, Costa and McCrae's model has been criticized because dispositional traits rarely provide enough information to make predictions about how a person will act in a given situation, along with the fact that they

all of these

According to Jung, which of the following always increases with age?

introversion

The most basic aspect of a health personality in Erikson's theory is

trust

Deirdre is very concerned about nurturing her colleagues in order for them to assume the responsibility some day. Deirdre is most likely to be at Erikson's stage of

generativity vs stagnation

Changes in the ways in which thoughts, values, morals, and goals are organized are related to one's

ego development

The best conclusion to draw from research concerning the midlife crisis is that

there is little data to support its existence

Whitbourne's findings suggest that the two most important sources of identity come from

family and work

Aspects of our personality pertaining to what we could become, what we would like to become, and what we are afraid of becoming are called

possible selves

Older adults report using _____ most frequently as a coping mechanism in daily life.

Religious faith

Cross-sectional research on age differences in gender-role identity show

a move toward greater similarity between older men and women.

Which of the following would not be a good thing to implement when assessing an older adult?

fewer and longer testing sessions

Which are useful quick screening measures of mental competence?

Fewer and longer testing sessions

Which are the most widely used assessment methods?

Clinical interviews

Compared to younger adults, the rate of clinical depression in older adults is

lower

A major problem in assessing older adults is

fewer tests were designed for older adults

WHich of the following has NOT be identified as a possible biological cause of depression?

poor nutrition

Which therapy is especially effective with older adults?

All of these

Among people who are ill, the percentage with delirium can reach

50%

Behavioral symptoms of Alzheimer's disease tend to be worse

in the evening

The most promising work relating to the genetic cause of Alzheimer's disease has focused on

amyloid protein

Which of the following statements is true concerning Alzheimer's disease?

Drug therapies are available to improve many of the behavioral problems.

Which of the following statements is false?

Sons are more likely to be caregivers than daughters

Dixie believes that people are spying on her and that she talks to the president when she is at the laundromat. Dixie is exhibiting halmarks of which disorder?

Schizophrenia

Alcohol dependency is most frequent during

young adulthood

Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions above and try again

Example:

Reload the page to try again!

Reload

Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

NEW! Voice Recording

Click the mic to start.

Create Set