The Language of Medicine 9th Edition Chapter 18

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Combining forms, prefixes, suffixes and abbreviations

aden/o

gland

adren/o
adrenal/o

adrenal gland

andr/o

male

calc/o
calci/o

calcium

cortic/o

cortex, outer region

crin/o

secrete

dips/o

thirst

estr/o

female

gluc/o
glyc/o

sugar

gonad/o

sex glands (testes, ovaries)

home/o

sameness

kal/i

potassium

hormon/o

hormone

insulin/o

insulin

lact/o

milk

myx/o

mucus

natr/o

sodium

pancreat/o

pancreas

parathyroid/o

parathyroid gland

phys/o

growing

pituitar/o

pituitary gland

somat/o

body

ster/o

solid structure

thyr/o
thyroid/o

thyroid gland

toc/o

childbirth

toxic/o

toxic

ur/o

urine

-agon

assemble, gather together

-emia

blood condition

-in
-ine

a substance

-tropin

stimulating the function of

-uria

urine condition

eu-

good, normal

hyper-

excessive, above normal

hypo-

deficient, below normal

oxy-

rapid, sharp, acid

tetra-

four

tri-

three

ADH

anti-diuretic hormone

ACTH

adrenocorticotropic hormone

BGM

blood glucose monitoring

FBS

fasting blood sugar

GTT

glucose tolerance test

GH

growth hormone

IDDM

insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus
Type 1 Diabetes

K+

Potassium

Na+

Sodium

NIDDM

non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus
Type 2 Diabetes

NPH

Neutral protein hagedorn insulin

T4

thyroxine
(tetraiodothyronine)

TFT

thyroid function test

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