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amenorrhea

absence or suppression of normal menstrual flow

areola

small circular area such as that around the human nipple

artifical insemination

process of placing semen into opening of cervix using either husband or donor sperm,

Bartholin's glands

Glands located on either side of the vaginal opening that secrete mucus for vaginal lubrication.

benign prostatic hypertrophy

Enlargement of the prostate causing the inability to empty the bladder completely

breast

either of two soft fleshy milk-secreting glandular organs on the chest of a woman

bulbourethral gland

Secretes a clear mucus before ejaculation that neutralizes acidic urine remaining in the urethra

cervix

the opening to the uterus

chlamydia

a sexually transmitted infection caused by bacteria of the genus Chlamydia

circumcision

surgical removal of the foreskin of the penis

clitoris

organ of sensitive erectile tissue anterior to the opening of the female urethra

coitus

the act of sexual procreation between a man and a woman

corona radiata

the egg is surrounded by these follicle cells called..

corpus luteum

endocrine tissue which produces hormones, estrogen, and progesterone which prepares the uterine lining for receiving an embryo

cryptorchidism

failure of one or both testes to move into the scrotum as the male fetus develops

ductus deferens

a duct that carries spermatozoa from the epididymis to the ejaculatory ducdysmenorrhea

dysmenorrehea

painful menstrual flow

ectopic pregnancy

A pregnancy outside of the womb, usually in a fallopian tube

ejaculatory duct

duct formed by the union of the vas deferens with the duct of the seminal vesicle; its fluid is carried into the urethra

endometriosis

the presence of endometrium elsewhere than in the lining of the uterus

endometrium

(pregnancy) the mucous membrane that lines the uterus

epididymis

structure in the male reproductive system in which sperm fully mature and are stored

epididymitis

painful inflammation of the epididymis

episiotomy

surgical incision of the perineum to enlarge the vagina and so facilitate delivery during childbirth

estrogen

a general term for female steroid sex hormones that are secreted by the ovary and responsible for typical female sexual characteristics

fallopian tube

one of two fluid-filled tubes in human females through which an egg passes after its release from an ovary

fertilization

process in sexual reproduction in which male and female reproductive cells join to form a new cell

fibroid tumors

benign muscle tumors in the uterus

fimbriae

finger or fringe like projections at the end of the fallopian tubes

foreskin

a fold of skin covering the tip of the penis

fundus

part farthest from opening of an organ

gamete

specialized cell involved in sexual reproduction

genital herpes

an infection caused by herpes simplex virus type 2 (HSV-2) that is usually transmitted by sexual contact

genital warts

human papillomanirus sexullay transmitted disease

glans penis

the conical mass of erectile tissue that forms the head of the penis

gonorrhea

inflammation of the genital tract mucous membranes, caused by infection with gonococci

graafian follicle

a follicle in the ovary which stores the immatur ova

hymen

Mucous membrane partially or completely covering the opening to the vagina

hysterectomy

surgical removal of the uterus

impotence

inability to sustain an erection

in vitro fertilization

the union of sperm and egg in an artificial setting, usually in a laboratory

infertility

incapable or reproduction

labia minora

two thin folds of skin within the folds of the labia majora

labia majora

the folda of skin that lie on either side of the vaginal opening

laparoscope

instrument used for visual examination of the abdominal cavity

laparoscopy

laparotomy performed with a laparoscope that makes a small incision to examine the abdominal cavity (especially the ovaries and Fallopian tubes)

lumpectomy

excision of a breast tumor without removing any other tissue or lymph nodes

mammogram

X-ray film of the soft tissue of the breast

mastectomy

surgical removal of a breast

meiosos

cell division that produces sex cells

menarche

the first menstrual period

menopause

the time in a woman's life in which the menstrual cycle ends

menstrual cycle

a recurring cycle (beginning at menarche and ending at menopause) in which the endometrial lining of the uterus prepares for pregnancy

menstruation

the shedding of the uterine lining

mons pubis

a mound of fatty tissue covering the pubic area in women

myometrium

muscular middle layer of the uterus

oogensis

process of origin,growth, and formation of ovum in ovary during preparation for fertilization

orchitis

inflammation of the testicles

ova

a female reproductive cell

ovary

(vertebrates) one of usually two organs that produce ova and secrete estrogen and progesterone

oviduct

fallopian tube

ovulation

The process by which a mature egg is released from the ovaries into the fallopian tubes.

Papanicolaou (Pap) smear

Is a diagnostic lab test for detecting the absence or presence of infection, viruses, trauma, or cancer.

pelvic inflammatory disease(PID)

inflammation of the female pelvic organs that can be caused by many different pathogens

penile shaft

erectile tissue that becomes rigid during intercourse

penis

male reproductive organ

perineum

area between the rectum and vagina

premenstrual syndrome(PMS)

a group of symptoms exhibited just prior to the menstrual cycle caused by water retention in body tissue

progesterone

A hormone produced by the ovaries which acts with estrogen to bring about the menstral cycle.

prostate gland

exocrine gland, in men, at the base of the urinary bladder that secretes the fluid part of semen into the urethra during ejaculation

prostatectomy

surgical removal of the prostate

prostatitis

inflammation of the prostate gland

puberty

period of rapid growth and sexual maturation during which the reproductive system becomes fully functional

salpingitis

inflammation of a Fallopian tube (usually the result of infection spreading from the vagina or uterus) or of a Eustachian tube

scrotum

the external pouch that contains the testes

seminal vesicle

one of two saclike structures behind the bladder and connected to the vas deferens on each side; secretes an alkaline substance into the semen to enable the sperm to live longer

seminiferous tubule

one of the many tubules in the testis where sperm are produced they are also twisted

spermatogenesis

the production of sperm cells

spermatozoa

Male gametes also called sperm.

sterile

incapable of reproducing

syphilis

a sexually transmitted infectious disease

testes

The male gonads, which produce sperm and secrete male sex hormones.

testosterone

the most important of the male sex hormones

toxic shock syndrome

syndrome resulting from a serious acute (sometimes fatal) infection associated with the presence of staphylococcus

trichomoniasis

a common sexually transmitted infection that is caused by the mastigophoran Trichomonas vaginalis; symptons include discolored discharge, genital itching, and an urge to urinate

uterus

a hollow muscular organ in the pelvic cavity of females

vagina

in the human female reproductive system, a canal that leads from the uterus to the outside of the body

vas deferens

tubes that extend from each epididymis to the urethra

vestibule

any of various bodily cavities leading to another cavity (as of the ear or vagina)

vulva

external genitalia of the female

yeast infection

a vaginal infection caused by a fungal organism

zygote

organism produced by union of two gametes

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