The shaping and division of powers between the state and federal courts is called the principal of
Which of the following are the three main components of the American criminal justice system?
Law enforcement, courts, and corrections
The organization of criminal justice in America can be accurately described as
decentralized and fragmented
The institutions of criminal justice in America are a system in the sense that
what happens in one agency or component affects other agencies and components
Criminal justice in America can be seen as a non system because
there is tension, conflict and fragmentation in the system.
In the U.S today there are around __ million people under some form of correctional confinement or supervision
Courts can be classified according to their function(rather than jurisdiction) into
Trial and appellate courts
The U.S. has approximately ___million thousand local, state and federal law enforcement agencies.
In general , defendants have a constitutional right to a jury trial and a right to a defense attorney at government expense if they are poor (indigent)
Grand juries indict in only a small percentages of the cases brought to them by the prosecutor.
In criminal case neither side will know of any of the evidence or witnesses for the other party
The standard of proof for the government prosecutor under the adversary system is beyond a reasonable doubt
Which of the following is not true of federal district judges
There is only one judge for each district.
In most case, in the federal system, which is generally the last court to gear the appeal?
Circuit Court of Appeals.
Which of the following is the single largest category of civil cases filed in the District Courts?
If a person receives a ticket for speeding within the city of Beaumont from a Beaumont police officer, where would they go to pay that ticket?
The Beaumont municipal court
If a person receives a ticket within the Beaumont city limits from a Jefferso9n County Sheriff's Deputy, where would they go to pay that ticket?
Justice of the Peace Court
If a person receives a ticket within the Beaumont city limits from a Troop with the Department of Public Safety, where would they go to pay that ticket?
Justice of the Peace Court
If a person receives a ticket within the Beaumont city limits from a Texas Parks and Wildlife Officer with the Texas Department of Parks and Wildlife, where would they go to pay that ticket?
Justice of the Peace Court
If a person receives a ticket within the Beaumont city limits from a Ranger with the National Park Service for violation of Federal law, where would they go to pay that ticket?
A Federal Magistrate Court
If a person does not like the result of their trial in the Municipal Court and they choose to appeal then the appeal will be heard in which court?
In Texas, in an appeal for a traffic ticket the appellate court will do which of the following?
Have a complete new trail all over again.
In Texas, an appeal from which of the following courts will not be heard by the District Court of Appeals?
The Texas Supreme Court hears cases that are appealed from the Texas Court of Criminal Appeals.
A person convicted of Capital murder and sentenced to death receives and automatic appeal to which court?
Texas Court of Criminal Appeals
According to article 2.01 of the Texas Code Criminal Procedure, which of the following is the primary duty of the District Attorney?
To see justice is done.
Which of the amendments to the United States Constitution provides a right to counsel?
Which of the amendments to the United States constitution provides a right to remain silent?
In a divorce case filed in a District Court, which of the following may be elements of the case?
All of the above
If a County Judge starts to hear a will probate and realize that there is a matter of controversy then he must
pass the case on to the District Court
The distinction between a public defender and a private attorney is that the public defender is
employed by the government
Which of the following court decisions held that defendants have the right to court appointed counsel during custodial interrogations?
Miranda v. Ohio
Critics of judicial elections assert that they are fundamentally inconsistent with the principal of judicial independence.
If you are seeking information about a particular misdemeanor conviction in a county then you should go to the
If you are seeking information about a particular felony conviction in a county then you should go to the
A bail bondsman is a very good source to use when you are trying to find a person that is awaiting trial
In some states judges are elected, while in others judges are appointed, however one state came up with a system where judges are appointed and then the people can decided if they want to keep them through an election process. This is known as the
The most influential victim characteristic that influences whether a case proceeds or not is
Who have traditionally been the forgotten participants in the criminal justice system?
Victims and witnesses
About 70% of serious felony offenses are committed by 7% of all offenders. These persons are known as career criminals.
Arrest is defined as the taking of a person into custody for the commission of an offense as the prelude to prosecuting him for that offense.
The stage of the criminal process in which the defendant is formally told the charges allowed to enter a plea in known as
A formal accusation of a criminal offense made against a person by a grand jury is known as
A group of citizens that decide if a person accused of a crime should be no bill or true billed is called
In Texas, the document that notifies an individual that they are to stand trial for a misdemeanor offense is known as
Which of the following is a major witness of the Uniform Crime Report?
The data is only published every ten years.
In many jurisdictions, misdemeanor defendants enter a plea of guilty and are sentenced at which stage?
Which of the four types of bail is most commonly used in criminal justice for defendants charged with felony
Which of the following factors are the most important in determining bail?
the seriousness of the crime and prior criminal record
Bail bondsmen would consider which of the following types of defendants as low risk?
defendants with strong roots in the community
Which supreme court case held that police must inform suspects of their rights prior to custodial interrogation?
Miranda v. Arizona
What type of things must always be turned over by the prosecutor to the defense in virtually any jurisdiction?
All exculpatory evidence and any prior inconsistent statements by a witness.
Plea bargain can best be defined as the process through which a defendant pleads guilty to a criminal charge with the expectation of receiving some consideration from the state.
If a defendant enters a guilty plea for a misdemeanor theft rather than a felony burglary then this is an example of
A defendant breaks into 100 coke machines. He is caught red handed while leaving five machines he just cracked. If the district attorney agrees to allow him to plead guilty to those five and dismisses the other 95 then this is an example of
A woman is accused of killing her child. Her punishment is 20 years to the death sentence. She pleads guilty in exchange for a 50 year sentence. This is an example of
Due process advocates and liberals criticize plea bargaining because they fear that
defendants are forced to give up constitutional rights.
Crime control advocated and conservatives criticize plea bargaining because they fear that
the sentence will be too lenient.
As compared with less serious crimes, defendants charged with serious crimes such as rape or murder are
more likely to go to trial.
In many courts, a defendant pleading guilty must be advised of his rights and acknowledge his waiver of them by reading and sometimes signing a
The main difference between a guilty plea and a no contest plea is that the latter
cannot be used in a civil proceeding against the defendant
Efforts by legislatures and district attorneys to eliminate plea bargaining have been very successful
If defense attorney picking a jury feels that the other attorney improperly struck a potential juror then the defense attorney may issue a
During opening statements the prosecution gets to tell the jury what evidence they plan to introduce.
A presumption is a conclusion or deduction that the law requires the trier of fact to make in the absence of evidence to the contrary