Term used to describe President Franklin Roosevelt's relief, recovery, and reform programs designed to combat the Great Depression
government practice of spending more than it takes in from taxes
Franklin Roosevelt's "kitchen cabinet" that consisted of reform minded intellectuals that included young college professionals. This group was a large part of the New Deal.
Informal radio broadcast in which FDR explained issues and New Deal programs to average Americans.
Gave Americans hope and confidence in the measures in the New Deal
created the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation -FDIC
Father Charles Coughlin
Popularly known as "The Radio Priest". Blamed the Great Depression on Conspiracy in the Banking Industry. Anti-semitic. Had 40 million listeners.
Huey P. Long
Louisiana governor and Senator
FDR supporter then critic
U.S. Secretary of Labor from 1933 to 1945, and the first woman ever appointed to the cabinet.
in the sense of a term for a project that wastes time and money, first appeared during the Great Depression in the 1930s, referring to the millions of jobs given to unemployed men and women to try to get the economy moving again, as part of the New Deal
National Labor Relations Act, 1935
gave workers the right to form labor unions and practice collective bargaining - also known as the Wagner Act
Fair Labor Standards Act, 1938
established minimum wages and maximum hours for all employees of businesses engaged in interstate commerce
Public Works Administration, 1935
PWA - it aimed at long-range recovery and spent $4 billion on thousands of projects that included public buildings, highways, and parkways.
Created for both industrial recovery and for unemployment relief. Headed by Secretary of Interior Harold L. Ickes,
Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation,1933
FDIC - insured individual deposits up to $5000, thereby decreasing the amount of bank failures and restored faith in the banks.
maximum amount raised in 2008 to $250,000
Civilian Conservation Corps, 1933
CCC March 31, 1933; unemployment relief act; hired young men for reforestation programs, firefighting. flood control, spawn drainage, etc;
Agricultural Adjustment Act, 1933
AAA - restricted crop production to reduce crop surplus; goal was to reduce surplus to raise value of crops; farmers paid subsidies by federal govt; [declared unconstitutional by the Supreme Court in US vs Butler on January 6, 1936]
relief, reform, recovery
Securities and Exchange Commission, 1934
The federal agency created during the New Deal that regulates the stock market
1933 - time when Roosevelt closed all U.S. banks to see if the banks were financially healthy. He wanted to restore confidence in the banking system.
Tennessee Valley Authority,
1933 - A New Deal agency created to generate electric power and control floods in a seven-U.S.-state region around the Tennessee River Valley . It created many dams that provided electricity as well as jobs.
It was relief, reform and recover
An act passed in 1935 gave government-payed pensions to American citizens over the age 65 as well as provided help for the unemployed, the disabled, and the needy.
National Industrial Recovery Act
1933 Recovery. Created NRA to enforce codes of fair competition, minimum wages, and to permit collective bargaining of workers.
Member businesses display the Blue Eagle
Works Progress Adminstration
(1935) WPA Employed 8.5 million workers in construction and other jobs, but more importantly provided work in arts, theater, and literary projects.
Emergency Relief Appropriations Act
1935; legislation that alloted $5 billion for a large-scale public works program for the jobless which included the Works Progress Administration
National Youth Administration
(est. 1935) created as part of the WPA to provide part-time jobs for high school and college students to enable them to stay in school, and to help young adults not in school to find jobs