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Olmec

Gulf Coast of Southern Mexico

Olmec

1200B.C. - 400B.C.

Zapotec

Oaxaca (Mexico)

Zapotec

1000B.C. - 600A.D.

Maya

Northern Guatemala/ Southeast Mexico

Maya

250A.D. - 900A.D.

Toltec

Valley of Mexico

Toltec

900A.D. - 1200A.D.

Aztec

Valley of Mexico (Mesoamerica)

Aztec

1200A.D. - 1520A.D.

Inca

Andes Mountains

Inca

1200A.D. - 1520A.D.

Olmec

built stone monuments and pyramids, traded, and were the "mother culture"

Zapotec

America's first city-builders, calendar, hieroglyphic wiriting system

Zapotec

Monte-Alban was a major city and it contained an observatory

Maya

urban center, slash and burn farming technique, social classes, special calendars

Maya

glyphs, city-states, arithmetic based on a 0 to 20 scale

Toltec

pyramids, temples, pillars that looked like warriors, warlike, influenced Mayan culture

Toltec

human sacrifices, god was Quetzalcoatl whom was a feathered serpent

Aztec

largest city in the world at the time, floating gardens, 1,000 gods

Aztec

triple alliance with Texoco and Tlacopan, many human sacrifices

Inca

Pachacuti was the first leader and he expanded into all of Peru

Inca

Quechua was their language, they had a road system, viracochi and into were their primary gods

Maya

Which civilization created the first system of writing in the Americas?

Maya

Which civilization had independent city-states?

Tikal, Palenque, Uxmal

Where did the Maya live?

Maya

Which civilization arose in the rainforest?

city

Tikal was the name of an important Mayan

the Maya writing system

Glyphs were used for

several hundred years before the Spanish arrived in the Americas

The decline of the Maya occurred

They worked to establish loyalty among conquered people

All of the following is true about the Aztec civilization EXCEPT

They entered into the Triple Alliance

All of the following is true about the Toltec civilization EXCEPT

Its exact location is unknown

All of the following is true about Tenochtitlan EXCEPT

He was a war god

All of the following is true about the Quetzalcoatl EXCEPT

Ruler who expanded the kingdom into an empire

PAchacuti stands out in Incan history as the

The small-group structure used for community work projects

In Incan tradition, the ayulla was

Labor tribute

In the Incan empire, mita was a type of

Record data

The Inca used the quipu to

Struggle between rivals for the Inca throne

The decline of the Inca Empire can be traced to a

They practiced human sacrifice for religious offerings.

Which of the following is true of the Aztecs

They were governed by a theocracy

Which of the following is NOT true of the Aztecs

The Triple Alliance

In 1428, the Aztecs joined with two other city-states - Texoco and Tlacopan - to form

Used conquered people for human sacrifice

conquered provinces resented Aztec rule because the Aztecs

Ice Age land bridge connecting Asia and North America

Beringia

Hunting and gathering

How did the first people to arrive in America support themselves

The area that stretches from central Mexico to northern Honduras

What region is now known as Mesoamerica

In the west

Where were the first advanced civilizations in South America established?

Olmec

They worshiped the jaguar spirit.

Olmec

They are considered a "mother culture"

Olmec and Zapotec

They are an ancient people of Mesoamerica

Zapotec

They dominated Oaxaca for more than a thousand years

Olmec

They are well-known for sculpting monumental stone heads

Zapotec

They built Monte Alban, the first real urban center in the Americas

Olmec

The remains of their communities have been discovered at San Lorenzo and La Venta

Olmec

They flourished from 1200 to 400 B.C. along the Gulf Coast of Mexico, in the modern-day states of Veracruz and Tabasco

The Andes

The rugged mountain range that stretches down the western edge of South America is

Peru

South America's first civilization emerged in

Hunter-gatherers

The first inhabitants to establish villages along the Pacific coast in South America were

The Chavin Culture

The first important civilization that arose in the South American mountains was

Textiles and pottery

The Nazca culture is known for its beautiful

Nazca culture

The unusual patterns of line drawings found on the plains of southeastern Peru belonged to

Moche culture

The culture that thrived on the northern coast of Peru was the

Their pottery

Much of the details known about the life of the Moche comes from

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