Lab Values-Most Important

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60-100 bpm

Heart Rate-Adult Normal

100-130 bpm

Heart Rate-Infant Normal

<60 bpm

Bradycardia

>100 bpm

Tachycardia

60-90/30-55 mm Hg

Blood Pressure-Infant Normal

100-140/60-90 mm Hg

Blood Pressure-Adult Normal

140-159/90-99 mm Hg

Hypertension-borderline

160-179/100-109 mm Hg

Hypertension-moderate

>180/110 mm Hg

Hypertension-severe

Hypotension

Systolic pressure is <100 mm Hg. This condition is not dangerous, however the patient may experience periods of dizziness especially when changing position.

Ankle-Brachial Index (ABI)

A test that measures arterial perfusion using a Doppler unit. Blood pressures are measured in supine using both UE's (brachial artery) and LE's (dorsalis pedis or tibialis posterior artery). ABI = highest LE systolic pressure/brachial systolic pressure.

ABI-1.0

ABI-Normal

ABI-.5 to .9

Arterial occlusion, Impairment with wound healing, Ther Ex beneficial

ABI-<.5

Severe arterial occlusion, Poor to no wound healing, Ther Ex contraindicated

Reflexes: Absent

Reflexes: 0

Reflexes: Diminished

Reflexes: 1+

Reflexes: Normal

Reflexes: 2+

Reflexes: Moderately increased

Reflexes: 3+

Reflexes: Markedly increased

Reflexes: 4+

30-50 respirations per minute

Respiration Rate-Infant Normal

12-18 respirations per minute

Respiration Rate-Adult Normal

30:2

CPR: Ratio of Compressions:Ventilations

10-12 breaths/minute

CPR: Rescue Breathing Only

8-10 breaths/minute

CPR: Breathing with CPR

7.35-7.45

pH-Normal

35-45 mm Hg

PCO2-Normal

75-100 mm Hg

PO2-Normal

23-29 mEq/L

HCO3-Normal

95-98%

% SAT

40-50%

Hematocrit

Female: 12-16 g/dL; Male: 14-18 g/dL

Hemoglobin-Normal

5,000-10,000 cells/mm3

Leukocytes (WBC)

150,000-450,000 cells/mm3

Platelet

98.6F or 37C

Normal Body Temperature

INR <2

Desirable

INR >2

Consult with MD for increased risk of bleeding

INR >3

Risk of hemarthrosis

>200 mg/dL

Increased Total Blood Cholesterol Levels

>130 mg/dL

Increased Levels of LDL (Low-Density Lipoproteins)

Female: <50 mg/dL; Male: <40 mg/dL

Low Levels of HDL (High-Density Lipoproteins)

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