Chisholm v. Georgia
granted federal courts the affirmative power to hear disputes between private citizens and States
Marbury v. Madison
judicial review - checks and balances
Fletcher v. Peck
protected property rights and asserted the right to invalidate state laws in conflict with the Constitution
McCulloch v. Maryland
Congress granted implied powers for implementing the Constitution's express powers, in order to create a functional national government.
State action may not impede valid constitutional exercises of power by the Federal government.
Gibbons v. Ogden
Regulating interstate commerce is a power reserved to the federal government
Cherokee Nation v. Georgia
Cherokee were not a state and, despite their claim to be independent of the United States, were a "denominated domestic dependent nation."
Dred Scott v. Sandford
slaves were not citizens; declared the Missouri Compromise unconstitutional
Ex parte Milligan
suspension of Habeas Corpus by President Abraham Lincoln as constitutional
the 15th and 14th amendments do not guarantee federal protection of individual rights against discrimination by their own state governments-distinction between state citizenship and national citizenship
Munn v. Illinois
upheld the Granger laws.
allowed states to regulate certain businesses within their borders
Plessy v. Ferguson
separate but equal was legal
inhabitants of U.S. territories had some, but not all, of the rights of U.S. citizens.
Lochner v. New York
overturns new york law setting 8 hr maximum working hours for bakery workers
Muller v. Oregon
restrictions on the working hours of women as justified by the special state interest in protecting women's health
Schenck v. United States
upheld espionage act "clear and present danger"
Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka
separate but equal is unconstitutional