Where is the Middle East?
Area where Africa, Asia, and Europe meet
Where is it really located?
2 other names for Middle East
World of Islam, Arabic World
what did the ME do? (middle east)
connected trade routes over land and on seas
Important water routes (3)
the Suez Canal, Turkish Straits, Strait of Hormuz
The Suez Canal
links Medditeranian sea and Red sea, creates route to Indian Ocean
Turkey controls 2 waterways that link the Black and Aegean seas
The Strait of Hormuz
located at the mouth of the Persian Gulf, important route for oil tankers
What are 5 main geographic regions in ME?
Northern Tier, Arabian Peninsula, Fertile Crescent, Nile Valley, Maghreb
Arabic Turkish Hebrew Kurdish Persian
Arabs Turks Iranians Kurds
Islam Christianity Judaism
Where did the new nomad who invaded ME come from about 1000?
What areas did the Seljuks take over? What happened as result of success?
Baghdad Anatolia weakened Byzantine empire frightned Christian rulers of Europe
What group arrived in Russia and ME during 1200's? What problems? What positive things happened?
Mongols looted and destoyed Baghdad burned palaces mosques libraries and killing last Abbassid Caliphs encourged international trade