COMM 150 Final: Chapter 6

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Culture shock

The psychological discomfort of adjusting to a new cultural situation

Intercultural communication

Interaction between people whose cultural assumptions are distinct enough to alter the communication event

Dominant culture

The attitudes, values, beliefs and customs that the majority of people in a society hold in common

Co-cultures

Groups of people living within a dominant culture but exhibiting communication that is sufficiently different to distinguish them form the dominant culture

Ethnicity

A classification of people based on combinations of shared characteristics such as nationality, geographic origin, language, religion , ancestral customs and tradition

Religion

A system of beliefs shared by a group with objects for devotion, rituals for worship and a code of ethics

Social class

An indicator of a person's position in a social hierarchy, as determined by income, education, occupation and social habits

Individualistic culture

Emphasizes personal rights and responsibilities, privacy, voicing one's opinion, freedom, innovation and self expression

Collectivist culture

Emphasizes community, collaboration, shared interest, harmony, the public good, and avoiding embarrassment

Low uncertainty avoidance cultures

Cultures characterized by greater acceptance of and less need to control, unpredictable people, relationships or events

High uncertainty avoidance cultures

Cultures characterized by a low tolerance for, and a high need to control, unpredictable people, relationships or events

High power distance

The cultural belief that inequalities in power, status, and rank are natural and that these differences should be acknowledged and accentuated

Low power distance

The cultural belief that inequalities in power, status, and rank should be underplayed and muted

Masculine culture

A culture in which people are expected to adhere to traditional sex roles

Feminine culture

A culture in which people, regardless of sex, are expected to assume a variety of roles based on the circumstances and their own choices

Ethnocentrism

The belief that one's own culture is superior to others

Altruism

A display of genuine and unselfish concern for the welfare of others

Egocentricity

A selfish interest in one's own needs, to the exclusion of everything else

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