5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- The Federalist Papers (The Federalist)
- Horatio Alger Jr. Stories
- The Last of the Mohicans
- "Common sense"
- Rock and Roll
- a 1950s; Key musicians included Little Richard, Chuck Berry, and Elvis Presley. Rock and roll first emerged during the 1950s. Rock and roll was inspired and strongly influenced by Black musical traditions, especially rhythm and blues.
- b (1867-1899); Horatio Alger Jr.; This is a collection of approximately 270 dime novels. Alger's novels feature rags-to-riches stories describing how down-and-out boys become rich and successful through hard work, honesty, and a little luck.
- c 1776; Thomas Paine; It was a strongly-worded call for independence from Great Britain. Paine opposed monarchy (he called King George a Pharaoh!) and strongly favored republican government. Paine offered a vigorous defense of republican principles. Paine helped overcome the loyalty many still felt for the monarchy and mother country. Paine used biblical analogies and references to illustrate his arguments.
- d 1787; Hamilton, Madison, and Jay; Supported the ratification of the Constitution of 1787. They challenged the conventional political wisdom of the eighteenth century when they asserted that a large republic offered the best protection of minority rights.
- e 1757; James Fenimore Cooper; It was part of a series of novels known as the Leatherstocking Tales. Copper was the first American writer to feature uniquely American characters. Copper created the first genuine Western heroes in American literature. Cooper's novels gave expression to the concept of the "noble savage."
5 Multiple choice questions
- 1907; William James; His concept of pragmatism held that truth was to be tested, above all, by the practical consequences of an idea, by action rather than theories. In short, beliefs should not be tested by experience. The ultimate test of truth is experience, not logic. It is important to remember that William James and other pragmatists do not believe in the existence of absolute truth.
- 1872; Harriet Beecher Stowe; The novel strengthened Northern opposition to slavery. It was second only to the Bible in sales
- 1962; Rachel Carson; Her work protested the contamination of the air, land, and water with chemical insecticides such as DDT. The novel played a key role in sparkling the environmental movement in the United States.
- 1850; Nathaniel Hawthorne; The novel dealt with the legacy of Puritanism.
- 1849; Henry David Thoreau; He expressed opposition to the Mexican War. Thoreau argued that individuals have a moral responsibility to oppose unjust laws and unjust actions by governments. Thoreau's essay influenced Dr. King's philosophy of nonviolent civil disobedience.
5 True/False questions
McGuffey Readers → 1846; William Holmes McGuffey; Also known as Eclectic Reader. The best known and most widely-used reading instruction books in the nineteenth century. It is estimated that this time four-fifths of all American school children used McGuffey readers.
The McGuffey Readers featured stories, poems, and essays supporting patriotism and moral values.
"The Significance of the Frontier in American History" → 1893; Frederick Jackson Turner; He argued that the development of American individualism and democracy was shaped by the frontier experience. Turner's "frontier thesis" focused on the importance of the absence of a feudal aristocracy. In other words, America did not have a hereditary landed nobility. Here is a famous excerpt: "From the beginning of the settlement of America, the frontier regions have exercised a steady influence toward democracy. . . . American democracy is fundamentally the outcome of the experience of the American people in dealing with the West."
The Jungle → 1854; Henry David Thoreau; The novel espoused transcendentalism—that is, truth through inner reflection and exposure to nature. It recorded Thoreau's thoughts concerning the value of a life of simplicity and contemplation.
The Organization Man → 1956; W. H. Whyte; The novel criticizing the homogenous culture of the 1950s. It criticizes American conformity and the belief that economic growth would solve all problems.
The Liberator → 1831; William Lloyd Garrison; It called for the "immediate and uncompensated emancipation of the slaves." Famous quote: " Let Southern oppressors tremble. . . I will be as harsh as Truth and as uncompromising as Justice. . . I am in earnest - I will not retreat a single inch—and I WILL BE HEARD!"