5 Written Questions
5 Matching Questions
- "Civil Disobedience: On the Duty of Civil Disobedience"
- The Liberator
- Silent Spring
- The Wonderful Wizard of Oz
- Lost Generation of the 1920s
- a 1900; L. Frank Baum; Originally written as a political commentary on free silver and the plight of American farmers.
The Ashcan School of Art, early 1900s This was a group of eight American artists, led by John Sloan. Focused on depicting urban scenes such as crowded tenements and boisterous barrooms.
- b 1831; William Lloyd Garrison; It called for the "immediate and uncompensated emancipation of the slaves." Famous quote: " Let Southern oppressors tremble. . . I will be as harsh as Truth and as uncompromising as Justice. . . I am in earnest - I will not retreat a single inch—and I WILL BE HEARD!"
- c 1849; Henry David Thoreau; He expressed opposition to the Mexican War. Thoreau argued that individuals have a moral responsibility to oppose unjust laws and unjust actions by governments. Thoreau's essay influenced Dr. King's philosophy of nonviolent civil disobedience.
- d 1962; Rachel Carson; Her work protested the contamination of the air, land, and water with chemical insecticides such as DDT. The novel played a key role in sparkling the environmental movement in the United States.
- e Key writers included Sinclair Lewis and F. Scott Fitzgerald; Called this because they were disillusioned with American society during the 1920s. They criticized main-class conformity and materialism. For example, Sinclair Lewis criticized middle-class life in novels such as Babbitt and Main Street. Harlem Renaissance, 1920s. Key writers included Langston Hughes, Zora Neale Hurston, Claude McKay, Josephine Baker, and James Weldon Johnson. They created distinctive African American literature. Writers expressed pride in their African American culture.
5 Multiple Choice Questions
- 1846; William Holmes McGuffey; Also known as Eclectic Reader. The best known and most widely-used reading instruction books in the nineteenth century. It is estimated that this time four-fifths of all American school children used McGuffey readers.
The McGuffey Readers featured stories, poems, and essays supporting patriotism and moral values.
- 1850; Nathaniel Hawthorne; The novel dealt with the legacy of Puritanism.
- 1835; Alexis de Tocqueville; He argued that American individualism arose as a result of the absence of an aristocracy.
- (mid-1800s); The Hudson River School was a group of artists led by Thomas Cole, who painted landscapes emphasizing America's natural beauty. The Hudson River School was America's first coherent school of art.
- 1890; Captain Alfred Mahan; He argued that control of the sea was the key to world dominance. The book was very influential in promoting the growth of U.S. naval power during the late nineteenth century.
5 True/False Questions
On the Road → 1957; Jack Kerouac; The novel expressed the alienation and disillusionment of the Beat Generation of the 1950s. Like other Beat Generation writers, Kerouac rejected middle-class conformity and materialism.
Walden → Black musicians such as Joseph ("Joe") King Oliver, W.C. Handy, and "Jelly Roll" Morton helped create jazz. Jazz was especially popular among the youth because it symbolized a desire to break with tradition.
Pragmatism → 1907; William James; His concept of pragmatism held that truth was to be tested, above all, by the practical consequences of an idea, by action rather than theories. In short, beliefs should not be tested by experience. The ultimate test of truth is experience, not logic. It is important to remember that William James and other pragmatists do not believe in the existence of absolute truth.
The Federalist Papers (The Federalist) → 1787; Hamilton, Madison, and Jay; Supported the ratification of the Constitution of 1787. They challenged the conventional political wisdom of the eighteenth century when they asserted that a large republic offered the best protection of minority rights.
The Organization Man → 1956; W. H. Whyte; The novel criticizing the homogenous culture of the 1950s. It criticizes American conformity and the belief that economic growth would solve all problems.