5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- The Other America
- The Jungle
- Rock and Roll
- Lost Generation of the 1920s
- a 1906; Upton Sinclair; The novel exposed appalling conditions in the Chicago meatpacking industry. It was a classic example of a muckraking novel. The novel helped bring about passage of the Pure Food and Drug Act and the Meat Inspection Act of 1906.
- b 1962; Michael Harrington; Poignant and influential report on poverty in America. The book played an important role in awakening JFK's interest in the poor and showed the way for LBJ's War on Poverty.
- c 1854; Henry David Thoreau; The novel espoused transcendentalism—that is, truth through inner reflection and exposure to nature. It recorded Thoreau's thoughts concerning the value of a life of simplicity and contemplation.
- d 1950s; Key musicians included Little Richard, Chuck Berry, and Elvis Presley. Rock and roll first emerged during the 1950s. Rock and roll was inspired and strongly influenced by Black musical traditions, especially rhythm and blues.
- e Key writers included Sinclair Lewis and F. Scott Fitzgerald; Called this because they were disillusioned with American society during the 1920s. They criticized main-class conformity and materialism. For example, Sinclair Lewis criticized middle-class life in novels such as Babbitt and Main Street. Harlem Renaissance, 1920s. Key writers included Langston Hughes, Zora Neale Hurston, Claude McKay, Josephine Baker, and James Weldon Johnson. They created distinctive African American literature. Writers expressed pride in their African American culture.
5 Multiple choice questions
- 1893; Frederick Jackson Turner; He argued that the development of American individualism and democracy was shaped by the frontier experience. Turner's "frontier thesis" focused on the importance of the absence of a feudal aristocracy. In other words, America did not have a hereditary landed nobility. Here is a famous excerpt: "From the beginning of the settlement of America, the frontier regions have exercised a steady influence toward democracy. . . . American democracy is fundamentally the outcome of the experience of the American people in dealing with the West."
- 1757; James Fenimore Cooper; It was part of a series of novels known as the Leatherstocking Tales. Copper was the first American writer to feature uniquely American characters. Copper created the first genuine Western heroes in American literature. Cooper's novels gave expression to the concept of the "noble savage."
- 1881; Helen Hunt Jackson; The book aroused public awareness of the federal government's long record of betraying and cheating Native Americans.
- (mid-1800s); The Hudson River School was a group of artists led by Thomas Cole, who painted landscapes emphasizing America's natural beauty. The Hudson River School was America's first coherent school of art.
- 1957; Jack Kerouac; The novel expressed the alienation and disillusionment of the Beat Generation of the 1950s. Like other Beat Generation writers, Kerouac rejected middle-class conformity and materialism.
5 True/False questions
The Influence of Sea Power upon History → 1890; Captain Alfred Mahan; He argued that control of the sea was the key to world dominance. The book was very influential in promoting the growth of U.S. naval power during the late nineteenth century.
How the Other Half Lives → 1962; Michael Harrington; Poignant and influential report on poverty in America. The book played an important role in awakening JFK's interest in the poor and showed the way for LBJ's War on Poverty.
The Federalist Papers (The Federalist) → 1787; Hamilton, Madison, and Jay; Supported the ratification of the Constitution of 1787. They challenged the conventional political wisdom of the eighteenth century when they asserted that a large republic offered the best protection of minority rights.
The Wonderful Wizard of Oz → 1956; W. H. Whyte; The novel criticizing the homogenous culture of the 1950s. It criticizes American conformity and the belief that economic growth would solve all problems.
The Scarlet Letter → 1831; William Lloyd Garrison; It called for the "immediate and uncompensated emancipation of the slaves." Famous quote: " Let Southern oppressors tremble. . . I will be as harsh as Truth and as uncompromising as Justice. . . I am in earnest - I will not retreat a single inch—and I WILL BE HEARD!"