Learn your isms!

43 terms by nancyke

Create a new folder

Advertisement Upgrade to remove ads

absolutism

The theory that the monarch is supreme and can exercise full and complete power unilaterally.

anarchism

a doctrine urging the abolition of government or governmental restraint as the indispensable condition for full social and political liberty

anti-Semetism

hatred, prejudice, oppression, or discrimination against Jews or Judaism.

capitalism

an economic system based on open competition in a free market, in which individuals and companies own the means of production and operate for profit

colonialism

Attempt by one country to establish settlements and to impose its political, economic, and cultural principles in another territory.

communism

a political system characterized by a centrally planned economy with all economic and political power resting in the hands of the central government

conservatism

a belief that limited government ensures order, competitive governments, and personal opportunity

cubism

An Artistic movement that focused on geometric shapes, complex lines, and overlapping planes.

deism

The belief that God has created the universe and set it in motion to operate like clockwork. God is literally in the wings watching the show go on as humans forge their own destiny.

enlightened despotism

Believed in religious tolerance, economic and legal reforms, and using their power for the good of the people. They were absolute rulers.

existentialism

a philosophy based on the idea that people give meaning to their lives through their choices and actions.

fascism

A system of government characterized by strict social and economic control and a strong, centralized government usually headed by a dictator. First found in Italy by Mussolini.

futurism

an artistic movement in Italy around 1910 that tried to express the energy and values of the machine age

humanism

a renaissance intellectual movement in which thinkers studied classical texts and focused on human potential and achievements

idealism

The practice of seeing or representing things in ideal form rather than as they usually exist in real life.

imperialism

A policy in which a strong nation seeks to dominate other countries poitically, socially, and economically.

impressionism

An artistic movement that sought to capture a momentary feel, or impression, of the piece they were drawing

individualism

giving priority to one's own goals over group goals, and defining one's identity in terms of personal attributes rather than group identifications

liberalism

belief in the value of strong government to provide economic secruity and protection for civil rights, combined with a belief in personal freedom from government intervention in social conduct

marxism

the political, economic, and social principles espoused by 19th century economist Karl Marx; he viewed the struggle of workers as a progression of historical forces that would proceed from a class struggle of the proletariat (workers) exploited by capitalists (business owners), to a socialist "dictatorship of the proletariat," to, finally, a classless society - Communism.

materialism

preoccupation with physical comforts and things; excessive regard for worldly concerns (rather than spiritual matters)

mercantilism

an economic policy under which nations sought to increase their wealth and power by obtaining large amounts of gold and silver and by selling more goods than they bought

nationalism

a strong feeling of pride in and devotion to one's country.

naturalism

(philosophy) the doctrine that the world can be understood in scientific terms without recourse to spiritual or supernatural explanations

nihilism

a belief that rejects all moral or religious values; the belief that the destruction of political or social institutions is necessary for future improvement

pan-slavism

nationalist movement pressed for the political and cultural unity of all Slavs under Russian leadership

positivism

the form of empiricism that bases all knowledge on perceptual experience (not on intuition or revelation)

realism

This was the new style of literature that focused on the daily lives and adventures of a common person. This style was a response to Romanticism's supernaturalism and over-emphasis on emotion

radicalism

a belief that rapid, dramatic changes need to be made in the existing society, often including the political system

relativism

the belief that nothing is universally true. Instead everything is relative. Your understanding of things is based on circumstances.

republicanism

A philosophy of limited government with elected representatives serving at the will of the people. The government is based on consent of the governed.

romanticism

This was the response to the Enlightenment in which they believed that not everything could be measured, because of the passion of emotion

social darwinism

members of a species constantly compete to survive; applied survival of the fittest and natural selection to economics, war, the races

socialism

A system in which society, usually in the form of the government, owns and controls the means of production.

totalitarianism

describes a government that takes total, centralized, state control over every aspect of public and private life

utilitarianism

Jeremy Bentham's idea that "the greater good for the greatest number" led to running water through England and the world.

zionism

Herzel, jewish nationalist movement that aimed to build a homeland for the jews in palestine

classical liberalism

foundation is Adam Smith's "Wealth of Nations," bourgeois, the government should only protect borders,currency,and rights, the market place solves public ills

revisionist

a Marxist who rejected the revolutionary approach, believing instead in evolution by democratic means to achieve the goal of socialism.

surrealism

An artistic movement that displayed vivid dream worlds and fantastic unreal images

dadaism

An artistic movement that had a purposely nonsensical name, expressing its total rejection of previous modern art.

expressionism

emphasizes the life of the mind and feelings rather than the realistic external details of everyday life

calvinism

Protestant sect founded by John Calvin. Believed in pre-destination. strong moral code. supported constitutional representative government and seperate of church and state

Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions above and try again

Example:

Reload the page to try again!

Reload

Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

Star this term

You can study starred terms together

NEW! Voice Recording

Create Set