In which year was the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) created?
What are the three levels of government that handle emergencies and disasters?
1) local govt
2) state govt
3) fed govt
Which agency is FEMA a part of?
department of homeland security
What are some of the types of emergencies that New England experiences.
1) car accidents
4) winter storms
5) house fires
6) hazardous spills
Define each word in the phrase Comprehensive Emergency Management.
1) Comprehensive - unified response from all level of govt , emergency mgmt, life cycle
2) Emergency - any event that threatens to or does damage to people or property
3) Management -a coordinated organized effort to reach specific goals
What are large emergencies called?
Provide some examples of small emergencies.
1) automobile accidents
2) power outage
3) house fires
Provide some examples of disasters.
3) terrorist attacks
4) major transportation accidents (plane crashes)
5) toxic chemical releases & explosions
Prior to 1979 what was wrong with emergency management efforts?
A lack of coordination at all levels of government (no unified response), resulting in
1) gaps in response
2) general deficiency
3) duplication in effort
What is the all hazards approach?
being prepared for all hazards that could impact a community
Who are the first people at the scene (first responders) at a disaster?
Who makes up the emergency management partnership.
3) local & county govt's
4) state gov'ts
5) federal govt
Provide some examples of how average citizens prepare for and mitigate against potential hazards
they may face.
1) extra food
2) fire extinguishers
3) first aid hit
2) replace bad wiring
3) fix brakes
What are the four phases of the emergency life cycle?
Define each of the above emergency life cycle phases.
1) Mitigation -eliminating possibility of disaster or reduces effects of disaster after
2) Preparedness -being prepared for an emergency and having resources needed to help
3) Response -try to reduce the likelihood of emergercy damange
4) Recovery - returing impacted area-back to normal
What are some public examples of mitigation?
2) opening of shelters
3) educating public on reducing injury
4) flood plane bio something
What is vulnerability?
measure of who or what a hazard will affect and how badly
What is a critical facility?
1) building structure or location (roads?)
2)" " maintains a level of protection from hazards
3) " " create a secondary hazard
Provide some examples of critical facilities.
2) water towers/dams
3) business districts
What is the first step in vulnerability assessment?
What are the elements of a vulnerability assessment?
frequency, area impacted size, magnitude
What is the second step in vulnerability assessment?
What is the third step in vulnerability assessment?
identifying location of critical facilities
With regard to mitigation tools, what tools are used to minimize damage in the event of a disaster?
1) codes and ordinances
2) structural & engineering measures
3) financial meausres
5) land use planning
With regard to preparedness, what tools are used to minimize damage in the event of a disaster?
EMERGENCY OPERATIONAL PLAN
What are the five stages of Response?
1) alterting & notification
3) protecting citizens & property
4)providing for public welfare
A) caring for people during & after
B) assessing damage
What is the Recovery Phase?
everyone works to recover community resumes near normal more recovery to be done