Marbury vs. Madison
Constitution trumps acts of Congress. Court has power to rule acts unconstitutional. Judicial Review.
McCulloch vs. Maryland
Bank Constitutional, State may not interfere by taxing National bank. "Power to tax is the power to destroy." States rights vs. National Rights.
Cohens vs. VA
Unanimous dec. that SC may review state criminal proceedings. State law and Constitutions must conform to USC
Gibbons va. Ogden
Power to regulate interstate trade reserved to US Congress
Dred Scott vs. Sanford
Former Slave not a citizen MO Comp unconstitutional. Property rights of slave owners protected.
Plessy vs. Ferguson
Separate but = OK. Segregation is not unfair discriminatn. Reversed by Brown Involved segregated rail cars.
Schneck vs. US
Schneck is not protected by first amendment. Schneck violates Espionage Act by writing pamphlets opposing the draft.
Schechter Poultry vs. US
Industrial codes that empower the Pres to regulate employment. Found unconstitutnl. Court will strike down many other New Deal actions.
Brown vs. Board of Education
Black children denied admittance to public schools. Plessey reversed. Segregation violates 14th Amendment. T. Marshall NAACP lawyer.
Roe V. Wade
Right to Privacy includes right to abortion. Unlimited in first Trimester. Some state regulation allowed in Trim 2&3
Calfornia Regents v Bakke
Ruling prohibits quotas, (Bakke wins) but allows race to be considered as a factor in admissions to remedy past discrimination (Affirm action allowed)