second twentieth century

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W.E.B DuBois

1st black to earn Ph.D. from Harvard, encouraged blacks to resist systems of segregation and discrimination, helped create NAACP in 1910

Ida B. Wells journalism

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Franklin Roosevelt

32nd President of the United States

Coleman Blease

Governor of SC in 1910. Supported by Mill OWNERS and farmers. Racist, against Progression, NOT populist, and the most lynchings occured while he was in office

Richard Manning

This progressive governor was elected in 1915. He passed a child labor law so that children under the age of 14 could not work in mills, mines and factories.

Robert Cooper

Governor of South Carolina 1919-1922.

Ku Klux Klan

This progressive governor was elected in 1915. He passed a child labor law so that children under age 14 could not work in mills, miness and factories.

Economic change

The inability of Congress to deal with economic concerns led Virginia and Maryland to call a convention to discuss trade policy.

Public works Administration

(FDR) , 1935 Created for both industrial recovery and for unemployment relief. Headed by the Secretary of Interior Harold L. Ickes, it aimed at long-range recovery and spent $4 billion on thousands of projects that included public buildings, highways, and parkways.

Mass media

Means of communication that are reaching the public, including newspapers and magazines, radio, television (broadcast, cable, and satellite), films, recordings, books, and electronic communication.

Southern Literacy Renaissance

SC group formed when people began to write and paint about local subjects

Adolph Hitler

Adolph Hitler was a little-known political leader whose early life had been marked by disappointment. When WWI broke out, Hitler found a new beginning. he volunteered for the German army and was twice awarded the iron Cross, a medal for bravery. At the end of the war, Hitler settled in Munich. German Workers' Party, called Nazi for short. Its policies formed the German brand of fascism. It's symbol was a swastika. Hitler's success as an organizer and speaker led him to be chosen to be leader of the Nazi Party. Hitler and the Nazi's plotted to seize power. In 1932 the nazis had become the largest political party. Conservative leaders believed they could control Hitler and use him for their purposes. Hitler came to power legally in 1933. Hitler used his new power to turn Germany into a totalitarian state. he took propaganda to a new level. He enforced the secret police. His hatred of the jews, or anti-Semitism, was a key part of nazi ideology. They were Germany's scapegoats. Hitler led to the way and leaded the Holocaust.

Child Labor laws

Ineffective because 60%of child workers were employed in ag, which was typically exempt from laws (worked 12 hr days). Kids in factorie, the laws set a minimum age of 12 yrs &max workday of 10hrs, standards that employers often ignored. Exhausted children were particularly suspceptible to injury while working at dangerous machine &were maimed &even killed in industrial accidents at an alarming rate

Prohibition Law

1920

19th Amendment

gave women the right to vote

21st Amendment

Amendment which ended the Prohibition of alcohol in the US, repealing the 18th amendment

Jim Crow Laws

The "separate but equal" segregation laws state and local laws enacted in the Southern and border states of the United States and enforced between 1876 and 1965

New Deal

the legislative and administrative program of President F. D. Roosevelt designed to promote economic recovery and social reform during the 1930s; also : the period of this program

Right to vote

50 days max durational res requirement
fundamental right under equal protection
1. regulations of the electoral process to prevent fraud only need be on balance desirable
-poll taxes are unC
-property ownership reqs almost never allowed.
(own property in district to vote for school unC)
-can balance to prevent fraud in voting.

2. one person one vote must be met for all state and local elections. all districts must be about the same.

3. at-large elections are constitutional unless there is proof of a discriminatory purpose. (all of the voters vote for all of the reps instead of one for each district)

4. the use of race in drawing election district lines must meet strict scrutiny

5. counting uncounted votes without standards in a presidential election violates equal protection

Civilian Conservation Corps (ccc)

employment in gov't camps for 3 million young men (ages 18-23) ;; most popular of New Deal agencies ;; reforestation, firefighter, flood control, swamp drainage

"Stock Market"

A general term used to describe all transactions involving the buying and selling of stock shares issued by a company.

Santee Cooper Electricity project Rural Electrification Act

...

Agricultural Adjustment Act

Recovery: (AAA); May 12, 1933; restricted crop production to reduce crop surplus; goal was to reduce surplus to raise value of crops; farmers paid subsidies by federal government; declared unconstitutional by the Supreme Court in US vs Butler on January 6, 1936

Progressive Movement

reform effort, generally centered in urban areas and begun in the early 1900s, whose aims included returning control of the government to the people, restoring economic opportunities, and correcting injustices in American life.

Muckraking

the exposure of scandal (especially about public figures)

World War 1

a war between the allies (Russia, France, British Empire, Italy, United States, Japan, Rumania, Serbia, Belgium, Greece, Portugal, Montenegro) and the central powers (Germany, Austria-Hungary, Turkey, Bulgaria) from 1914 to 1918

Boll Weevil

grayish weevil that lays its eggs in cotton bolls destroying the cotton

Temperance Movement

campaign to limit or ban the use of alcoholic beverages

American Expeditionary Redeemers

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Work Progress

units of product that are only partially complete and will require further work before thay are ready to be sold.

Social Security Act

guaranteed retirement payments for enrolled workers beginning at age 65; set up federal-state system of unemployment insurance and care for dependent mothers and children, the handicapped, and public health

Tourism

the business of providing services such as transport, places to stay or entertainment for people who are on holiday

Great depression

the economic crisis and period of low business activity in the U.S. and other countries, roughly beginning with the stock-market crash in October, 1929, and continuing through most of the 1930s.

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