Fascist dictator of Italy (1922-1943). He led Italy to conquer Ethiopia (1935), joined Germany in the Axis pact (1936), and allied Italy with Germany in World War II. He was overthrown in 1943 when the Allies invaded Italy.
the secret police force of the German nazi state, notorious for its terrorism and brutality
Prime Minister of Great Britain during WWII
Battle Of Britain
an aerial battle fought in World War II in 1940 between the German Luftwaffe (air force), which carried out extensive bombing in Britain, and the British Royal Air Force, which offered successful resistance.
made by hitler; field marshal erwin rommel is head; pushes britain back to suez canal; wanted to get past british then move into the middle east
"Desert Fox"-May 1942; German and Italian armies were led by him and attacked British occupied Egypt and the Suez Canal for the second time; were defeated at the Battle of El Alamein; was moved to France to oversee the defenses before D-Day; tried to assassinate Hitler.
Lend Lease Act
allowed sales or loans of war materials to any country whose defense the president deems vital to the defense of the U.S
Dec. 7, 1941
japanese attack u.s. at pearl harbor
American General who began in North Africa and became the Commander of Allied forces in Europe.
British general who in an attack at El Alamein was able to drive the Germans away from the Suez Canal
Battle of stalingrad
a 1942-1943 battle of World War II, in which German forces were defeated in their attempt to capture the city of Stalingrad in the Soviet Union thanks to harsh winter --> turning point of war in Eastern Europe
(1880-1964), U.S. general. Commander of U.S. (later Allied) forces in the southwestern Pacific during World War II, he accepted Japan's surrender in 1945 and administered the ensuing Allied occupation. He was in charge of UN forces in Korea 1950-51, before being forced to relinquish command by President Truman.
Harry S Truman
Became president when FDR died; gave the order to drop the atomic bomb
1941-Pledge signed by US president FDR and British prime minister Winston Churchill not to acquire new territory as a result of WWII amd to work for peace after the war
Hitler's expansionist theory based on a drive to acquire "living space" for the German people
Siege of Leningrad
The unsuccessful attempt of Nazi soldiers, from 1941-1942, to capture the city of Leningrad. AS many as 1 million civilians died
1938-Meeting between British,French,and German leaders in which Germany was given control of the Sudetenland in exchange for German leader Hitler's promise to make no more claimes on European territory
May 8, 1945; victory in Europe Day when the Germans surrendered
practice of giving in to aggression in order to avoid war
Codename for Nazi Germany's invasion of the Soviet Union during World War II -- led to USSR joining the Allies
a bloody and prolonged operation on the island of Iwo Jima in which American marines landed and defeated Japanese defenders (February and March 1945)