Biology Review: Invertebrates, Systems and Directions

62 terms by kameronkilchrist 

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Fertilized egg

zygote

another name for tissue

germ layer

hollow ball of cells

blastula

group of cells performing specific function

tissue

plant eaters

herbivore

Sponges, sea fans, coral are examples of

filter feeders

meat eater

carnivore

eats decaying plants and animals

detritivore

95% of animals are

invertebrates

respiration through the skin

cutaneous respiration

another term for cavity

sinus

nervous system control system

brain

process of removing waste from body

excretion

what waste is removed by excrecion

ammonia

what organ removes waste from body

kidney

respiration by lungs

pulmonary respiration

heart muscle

cardiac muscle

skeletal muscle

muscle attatched to bones

muscle lining hollow organs

smooth

connects bone to muscle

tendon

list three types of connective tissue

tendon, ligament, cartilige

largest marine invertebrate

giant squid

nervous structures that respond to stimuli

receptors

nervouse structures that bring about change

effector

organism that has both male and female sex organs

hermaphrodite

example of an organism that reginerates

starfish, brittle star, worm

attatched to a surface

sessile

attatched to the ocean floor

benthic

blood always contained in a structure

closed circulatory system

opening in blastula

blastopore

an animal whose mouth forms from its blastopore is called a

protostome

an animal whose anus forms from its blastopore is called a

deuterostome

(meso, ecto, or endo) muscle

meso

(meso, ecto, or endo) skin

ecto

(meso, ecto, or endo) lining

endo

(meso, ecto, or endo) stomach

endo

(meso, ecto, or endo) lungs

endo

(meso, ecto, or endo) reproductive structures

meso

(meso, ecto, or endo) hair and nails

ecto

(meso, ecto, or endo) heart

meso

(meso, ecto, or endo) kidneys

meso

the arrangement of parts around a central axis

symmetry

type of annelid symmetry

bilateral

cnidarian symmetry

radial

concentration of sense organs at the head end

cephalisation

cephalisation is associated with what symmetry

bilateral

fluid filled space between organs and muscles

body cavity

animal without a vertebral column

invertebrates

study of the functions of organisms

physiology

term that means to eat

ingest

head end

anterior

tail end

posterior

back side

dorsal

front side

ventral

medial side

midline, lateral

closest to area of attatchment

proximal

farthest from area of attatchment

distal

Epithilial tissues are also known as

mucosa membrane

smallest invertebrate

dust mite

(meso, ecto, or endo) muscles, most of circulatory, reproductive, and excretory systems

meso

(meso, ecto, or endo) linings of the digestive tract and most of the respiratory system

endo

(meso, ecto, or endo) sense organs, nerves, and the outer layer of the skin

ecto

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