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term

the specified length of time served by elected officials in their elected offices

session

the regular period of time during which a legislative body conducts business

special session

an extraordinary session of a legislative body

apportion

to distribute among the States on the basis of their respective populations

reapportion

to redistribute the seats in the House after each decennial census

single-member district

electoral district from which one person is chosen by the voters for each office on the ballot

at-large

election of an officeholder by the voters of an entire governmental unit rather than by the voters of a district, a subdivision of that area

gerrymander

the drawing of electoral district lines to the advantage of a party of group

continuous body

governing unit such as the Senate whose seats are never all up for election at the same time

constituents

all persons represented by a legislator or other elected officeholder

oversight function

review by legislative committees of the policies and programs of the executive branch

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