Computer Analysis 3

39 terms by iamhmsmith 

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Data Warehouses

collections of data designed to support management decision making

Utility

(computer science) a program designed for general support of the processes of a computer

SDLC or SDC

Collection of phases in system development

CAD

software used in art and architecture and engineering and manufacturing to assist in precision drawing

Backdoor

program or set of instructions in a program that allow users to bypass secyrity controls when accessing a program, comp., or network

Booting

process of starting or restarting a computer

Social Networking

online interaction in the community format where people share personal info., etc.

Cookie

small text file that a Web server sores on a computer

UML

standardized general-purpose modeling language in the field of object-oriented software engineering

Groupware

software that helps groups of people work together on projects and share information over a network

Spam

unsolicited e-mail message or newsgroups posting sent to many recipients or newsgroups at once

Data Mining

the process of discovering patterns and relationships in large amounts of data

Extranet

portion of a company's network that allows customers or suppliers of a company to access parts of an enterprise's intranet

Bluetooth

network standard, specifically a protocol, that defines how two Bluetooth devices use short-range radio waves to transmit data

Digital Certificate

a notice that guarantees a user or a web site is legitimate

RFP

Request for Proposal-, A(n) ________ asks a computer systems vendor to provide information about its products or services.

API

application programming interface; collection of tools that programmers use to interact with an environment such as a web site or operating system

Web 2.0

term used to refer to web sites that provide a means for users to share personal information, allow users to modify web site content, and have application software built into the site for visitors to use

Worm

a software program capable of reproducing itself that can spread from one computer to the next over a network

Multiuser

in reference to operating systems, enables two or more users to run programs simulataneously

Latency

(computer science) the time it takes for a specific block of data on a data track to rotate around to the read/write head

TCP/IP

Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol; , a protocol for communication between individual computers and the Internet

HTTP

Hyper Text Transfer Protocol; , hypertext transfer protocol are the rules computers use to transfer web pages across the Internet

Kernel

bridge between applications and the actual data processing done at the hardware level.

VPN

Virtual Private Network-network that provides a mobile user with a secure connection to a company network server, as if the user has a private line

MAN

metropolitan area network- high speed network that connects local area networks in a metropolitan area such as a city or town and handles the bulk of communications activity across that region

Bit

the smallest unit of data a computer can process. but is short for binary digit

Router

communications device that connects multiple computer or other routers together and transmits data to its correct destination on a network

Object-oriented

data base that stores in objects

tuple

term used by developers of relational databases for record

SFA

(sales force automation) software equips traveling salespeople with the tools they need

RSS

A family of web feed formats used to publish frequently updated content such as blog entries, news headlines or podcasts.

mirroring

The duplication of data for purposes of backup or to distribute network traffic among several computers with identical data.

data validity checks

Process of comparing data with a set of rules or values to find out if the data is correct

POST

terminal used by retail stores to record purchases, process credit or debit cards, and update inventory

OIS

information system that enables employees to perform tasks using computers and other electronic devices, instead of manually

CASE

software tools designed to support one or more activities of system development, typically including diagrams to support both process and object modeling

EIS

special type of DSS - supports the strategic information needs of executive management

ASCII

most widely used coding scheme to represent data

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