Antibiotika efter patogener

19 terms by fruktsallad 

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Staphylococcus aureus
(penicillinasproducerande
ej MRSA)

1) isoxazolylpenicilliner
(Heracillin, Ekvacillin, Diclocil)
2) cefalosporiner (Cefadroxil, Zinacef, Claforan)
klindamycin (Dalacin)

Staphylococcus aureus
(meticillinresistent, MRSA)

1) linezolid (Zyvoxid), vankomycin (Vancocin)
2) tigecyklin (Tygacil), daptomycin (Cubicin)

Staphylococcus epidermidis
(meticillinresistent, MRSE)

1) linezolid (Zyvoxid), vankomycin (Vancocin)
2) tigecyklin (Tygacil)

Streptococcus pyogenes
(betahemolytiska strep)(alltid pc-känsliga)

1) PcV/PcG
(Kåvepenin, Bensylpenicillin)
2) erytromycin (Ery-Max)
cefalosporin (Cefadroxil, Zinacef, Claforan)
klindamycin (Dalacin)

Streptococcus pneumoniae
(Pneumokocker)
(pc-känsliga)

1) PcV/PcG
(Kåvepenin, Bensylpenicillin)
2) erytromycin (Erymax)
cefalosporin (Claforan)
amoxicillin (Amimox)
klindamycin (Dalacin)

Streptococcus pneumoniae
(Pneumokocker)
(pc-nedsatta)

1) PcG (Bensylpenicillin)
Amoxicillin (Amimox)
2) cefalosporin (Claforan)
imipenem (Tienam)

Enterococcus faecalis

1) ampicillin (Doktacillin)/amoxicillin (Amimox)
± aminoglykosid (Nebcina, Garamycin, Biklin)
2) linezolid (Zyvoxid)
vankomycin (Vancocin)

Enterococcus faecium

1) vankomycin (Vancocin)
± aminoglykosid (Nebcina, Garamycin, Biklin)
2) linezolid (Zyvoxid)
tigecyklin (Tygacil)

Clostridium perfringens

1) PcG (Bensylpenicillin)
2) metronidazol (Elyzol, Flagyl, Metronidazol)
klindamycin (Dalacin)

Clostridium difficile

1) metronidazol p.o./i.v. (Elyzol, Flagyl, Metronidazol)
2) vankomycin p.o. (Vancocin)

Escherichia coli (nedre UVI kvinnor)

1) mecillinam (Selexid)
nitrofurantoin (Furadantin)
2) trimetoprim (Trimetoprim)
cefadroxil (Cefadroxil)

Escherichia coli (övre UVI/ Sepsis)

1) cefalosporin (Claforan)
kinolon (Ciprofloxacin)
2) aminoglykosid (Nebcina)
imipenem (Tienam)

Enterobacter spp

1) kinolon (Ciprofloxacin)
aminoglykosid (Nebcina)
2) TMP/SMX (Bactrim, Eusaprim)

Haemophilus influenzae (kockoida stavar)

1) ampicillin (Amimox, Doktacillin)
2) kinolon (Ciprofloxacin, Tavanic)
cefalosporin (Claforan)

Klebsiella spp

1) cefalosporin (Claforan)
aminoglykosid (Nebcina)
2) imipenem (Tienam)

Pseudomonas aeruginosa

1) cefalosporin (Fortum) +/- aminoglykosid (Nebcina)
2) kinolon (Ciprofloxacin), imipenem (Tienam)

Neisseria gonorrhoeae(gonokocker) kinolonkänsliga

1) Kinolon (Ciprofloxacin)
2) Cefalosporin (Rocephalin)

Neisseria gonorrhoeae (gonokocker) kinolonresistenta

Cefalosporin (Rocephalin)

Neisseria meningitidis(meningokocker)

1) cefalosporin (Claforan)
kinolon (Ciprofloxacin)
2) meropenem (Meronem)
PcG (Bensylpenicillin

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