When the author goes back in the story to an earlier time.
Using a word or phrase to mean the exact opposite of its normal meaning.
Comparing two things without using "like" or "as".
Reference to a well-known person, place, thing, event, or work of literature.
Giving human characteristics to an idea, object, or animal.
Using words to create a special effect.
Hints or clues about what is going to happen in the story.
Using two contradictory words together for a special effect.
A word or phrase used in a way that gives it a funny twist.
Use of praise to ridicule someone or something.
Writing that ridicules or makes fun of people's mistakes or weaknesses.
A speech given in a play by a character.
a concrete or real object used to represent an idea.
Talking between characters in a story.
The person or character who is telling the story.
Time and place of the story.
The person or thing fighting against the hero (the villain).
The hero of the story.
The action in the story.
Shows the action or events in a story (5 parts).
The part that explains the background and setting of the story.
The part of the story when various problems start to happen.
Comparing two things using "like" or "as".
Turning point in the action of the story.
The part of the story that follows the climax.
The satisfying end of a story where the problems are solved.
The problem in the story that triggers the action.
point of view
The angle from which a story is told.
One of the characters is telling the story.
Someone from outside the story is telling it.
The subject or message being written about.
The feeling a reader gets from a story.
The author's attitude or feeling about a piece of writing.
A person in a story.
The author's way of explaining the people in the story.