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Test on Tuesday

1) Climate
2) HIV/AIDS
3) Tribalism
4) Lack of Industrial Economy
5) Corrupt Kleptocratic government

5 "Problems" within Africa

Bantu Tribe

Tribe in Africa most people identify with

True

True or False: Africa has the oldest human heritage and the most diverse human population

1000

Africa has over ________ languages in 53 nations

Islam, Christianity, Native Faiths

Religions/Faiths present in Africa

The Plateau Continent

Another name for Africa

Gondwanaland

The breakup of ________ caused massive uplift to the plateaus of Africa

Gold, Diamonds

2 minerals Africa is rich in

1) Desertification
2) Moisture in South along rivers
3) Deforestation
4) Ancient Soils

Environmental Issues in Africa

Sahel

Desert in Africa currently experiencing desertification

False

True or False: Africa has little reliance on wood as a fuel because of its many oil reserves

True

True or False: Most of Africa's oil reserves are exported to other countries

Ancient Soils

Much of Africa has poor agricultural productivity because of _______.

Dry Desert

Climate in the North and South of Africa

Tropical

Climate that dominates Mid-Section of Africa

South Africa

Only nation in Africa with subtropical, marine west coast, and Mediterranean climate

True

True or False: The climate in South Africa was preferred by European settlers, which allowed a decent wine industry

West Africa, the Horn, and Lake Victoria

Three main concentrations of population

Total Fertitlity Rate

Africa has among the world's highest TFRs. What does TFR stand for?

False

True or False: Africa's life expectancy rates are increasing

AIDS

This disease has caused a reduction in most of the productive segement of society

Think its a CIA Plot, think its not an STD, refusal to wear Condoms

Reasons why AIDS is so big in Africa

True

True or False: Family networks in Africa are large, similar to Latin America

Language, Religion, Slavery

3 Cultural Issues in Africa

Islam

Religion with greatest cultural impact on Africa

Colonies, Tribal and Language Lines

Europeans divided Africa based on _______, while Africa was orginally divided based on _______.

English, French, Portuguese

Most Common Languages in Africa

Privileging any given local language would priviege that nation within a multi-national state

Why are English, French, and Portuguese such common languages in Africa?

Europe

The migration of Africans to _____ caused considerable trouble over cultural practices

Internal, Atlantic, Islamic

3 Slave Trades

Inter-Tribal Warfare

The main cause of slavery involving Africa

European Weapons

_______ improved efficiency of slaverys in internal slave trade

Chattel Slavery

Slavery in Atlantic as consumption and concubinage into Islamic world

False

True or False: There was no gender bias in the shipment of slaves

Males

This gender of slaves was mainly shipped to the Atlantic system

Females

This gender of slaves was mainly shipped internally for breeding and to the Islamic world

Methodism, Church of Evangelical "Saints"

2 Religions in the late 1700s that started the end of the Atlantic trade

David Livingstone

Led the fight in the 1880s to end the internal slave trade

Labor Power

Before the 1850s, Africa offered little to the rest of the world but ________

Latin America, Caribbean

2 areas where using slaves for agricultural production was profitable

Malaria, Yellow Fever, Sleeping Sickness

Diseases rampant in Africa pre-1850s

1880s

Decade when the mad dash for Africa began

Industrialization, Better Medicine

2 reasons the mad dash for Africa began in thre 1880s

1850s

Decade when first anti-malarial drug was made

Quinine

Name of first anti-malarial drug

1880s

Decade when Germany was under Kaiser Wilhelm and there was great need for cotton from Africa

1884-5

Years when the Berlin Conference occured, as well as the "Grab for Africa"

False

True or False: Lines drawn on map of Africa were drawn with great attention to pre-existing cultural groups

America

In the 1950s, ________ gave Europe great pressure, and finally Europe decolonized Africa

The Uhuru/Freedom Year

17 nations became independent in 1960

Pan-Africanism

Early success in decolonization

Ghana, Kenya

2 former British colonies where decolonization was an early success

Nigeria

This nation was decolonized in 1960, but tribal war erupted in 1966

Kleptocracy

Word created to describe states where oil wealth was given only to narrow tribal elites

Angola, Mozambique : USA, South Africa

1970s: Marxist states established in _______ and _______, bloodily resisted by _______ and _______

South Africa, Israel

_____ and _____ co-operated to become a nuclear power and even tested nuclear weapons, but both renounced weapons in 1991

Extrative Economy

Economy dependent on natural resources or crops

True

True or False: The average Africa is poorer today than in the 1960s

South Africa

Nation which contains over 1/3 of Sub-Saharan Africa's GDP

Nigeria, South Africa

2 nations which account for over 1/2 of SSA's economic output

Gold, Diamonds

South Africa's main export

Oil

Nigeria's main export

Life expectancy

________ at birth is dismal for both males and females (lowest overall rates on planet)

False

True or False: Female life expectancy in Africa is often as low as that of men. This is considered normal.

Burkina Faso

Nation in Africa with worst illteracy rates (both in Africa and globally)

Female Labor Force

Participation in the ________ is very low in Africa, but higher than SW Asia/N Africa

1) Inter-Tribal Warfare
2) AIDS
3) Extractive Economic Role
4) Poor Soil for Agriculture
5) Kleptocracies

The 5 "Failures" of SSA

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