There was nothing in the history of israel before
Farming (7000 BCE/BC)
Newgrange, County Meath, Ireland 3200 BCE/BC
Oldest piece of architecture in the world
Megalithic passage tomb
Patriarchs were during
Abraham and Sarah were
Jacob and Descendants settle in Egypt in:
The exodus was from...
1250 - 1130
Moses Leads exodus from Egypt
Joshua invades Canaan in:
Judges are from
1130 - 1020
Judges lead Israelite tribes to Canaan
1020 - 587
Saul the 1rst King of Israel
David, the 2nd King of Israel
Solomon, 3rd King of Israel
961 (builds temple)
Kingdom Divides 922
Israel = North
Juday = South
Time of the prophets from
865 - 400
Assyrians Capture Samaria (end the kingdom of Israel)
Exile and Return
(587 - 332)
Babylonians take Jerusalem
587 (exile of judah begins)
Cyrus of Persia
538 Frees jews to return to Judah
Greeks conquer Holy Land
63 - 100 CE or AD
Birth of Jesus
C. 4 BCE
Death of Jesus
Writings of Paul
50 - 59 CE
Gospel of Mark
c. 60 CE
Gospel of Matthew
c. 70 CE
Gospel of Luke and Acts
C. 80 - 85 CE
Gospel of John
C. 90 CE
is something out there, describing something, a fact
ii. The Bible seems to make certain claims, e.g. that it is a true record of God's dealing with humankind
iii. One critical reading of any text should persuade an intelligent reader that biblical writing is not objective reporting. All of the biblical texts are the subjective reflection of those who wrote
The texts preserve a specific point of view, that of the subject who wrote it.
more on subject
iv. A subject is not "out there", but "in here."
1. It exists in the author's mind, understanding. It is a consciously articulated interpretation of an idea.
what are redactors
a. Redactors were persons who made up finished version of texts out of sources available to them.
what is the purpose of reading the bible
b. Our purpose is to deal with, read the Bible as a text that uses literary devices to convey its message. Those devices is the subject of the next chapter of this work.
what is jedp (priests)
The letters JEDP are a designation used by scholars to identify the component parts or sources that they understand were used to compile the first five books of the Old Testament. There have been various opinions as to whether these sources were written or oral traditions, and whether each source represents an independent strand or a stage in the development of an older source.
used to convey their view : a summary of Israel's history and God's presence with them.
Three ways it was passed down
i. first spoken orally, and told again and again
ii. These were eventually written
iii. They were embellished by different groups, the clearest example is JEDP.
what does "bible" mean
The word "Bible comes from the Egyptian word for parchment, byblos. The Greek word biblios means books or scrolls (it is a compilation of books)
literary forms of the bible
Psalms: A sacred song or hymn, in particular any of those contained in the biblical Book of Psalms and used in Christian and Jewish worship.
what is a psalm constructed with (5 pts)
i. Speaker invokes God
ii. Describe the trouble
iii. Assert faith in God
iv. Asks God for help
v. Thanks God
more types of literature
i. Historical recital
iii. Prophet oracles
v. In New Testament:
A simple story used to illustrate a moral or spiritual lesson, as told by Jesus in the Gospels
The teaching or revelation of Christ.
(the first five books of the bible)
What Does Pentateuch Mean?
The term Pentateuch simply means 'five rolls or cases'
1. J, the Yahwist source, 9th century
2. E, the Elohist source, 8th century
3. D, the Deuteronomist source, 7th century
4. P, the Priestly source, 6th century and later.
v. These four major written sources were eventually combined in the postexilic period under the guiding hand of the P tradition.
note that the complete Torah did not function until the "exilic period
-It designates the time when the people of Israel were led off to Babylon where they spent 40 years in captivity. This was at the end of 500 years of being a monarchy. I will explain this situation in class.
how did the lord speak to job
through a whirlwind
galatian letter (crisis)
The Galatian letter is addressed to Christians who are being tempted to think that there is another, fuller gospel which will bring the Spirit to them in fullness, completion, or perfection where the simple gospel message of Christ by faith brought only salvation's beginning
who was peter
After working to establish the church of Antioch for seven years presiding as the city's bishop and preaching to scattered communities of believers (Jews, Hebrew Christians and the gentiles), in Pontus, Galatia, Cappadocia, Asia Minor and Bithynia, Peter went to Rome.
who was james
Father of the apostle Judas
english equivalent of jacob
first cousin of jesus
who was john
John was the only disciple who was with Jesus Christ from the beginning of his ministry, present during His crucifixion, and witness to His Resurrection completely. He is the only Disciple that did not run away or hide from authorities
apostle that originally was against jesus but was blinded when jesus came to him after his resurrection
early apostle who worked with paul and helped the gentile converts
St Barnabas is one of the first teachers of the church at Antioch
the mother of jesus
according to the gospels is one of the women who accompanied Jesus from Galilee to Jerusalem. Many scholars believe that she is one of the women disciples of Jesus. She is described as one from whom seven demons were expelled. A misconception of her is that she was a prostitute. There is no evidence of this in scripture.
What is the current explanation about how the synoptic gospels came about, that is, explain the two source theory of the formation of the gospel texts of Mark, Matthew, and Luke. Why is John not included in this process
The problem is why are there so many similarities between the gospels of Mark, Matthew, and Luke? The gospel of John is written in an entirely different style from the other three. The two source solution is that Mark wrote first. His gospel is then the first source that Matthew and Luke used as they composed their gospels. Yet, Matthew and Luke have like material that Mark does not have. They must have had/used a second source of sayings and miracles. This second source is identified as "Q" or "quelle", a German word for "source". John is written much latter than the other three. See the email I sent yesterday morning where I tried to summarize the ideas of the 4 gospels.
Abraham is the forefather of many tribes, including the Hebrews, Israelites, Jews, Ishmaelites, Edomites, Midianites, and others. Abraham was a descendant of Noah's son Shem. Among Abraham's descendants are counted Moses and Jesus, through Isaac, Abraham's second son, while Muhammad was a descendant of Ishmael, his first son.
the wife of Abraham and the mother of Isaac as described in the Hebrew Bible and the Quran. Her name was originally Sarai. According to Genesis 17:15 God changed her name to Sarah as part of a covenant with Yahweh after Hagar bore Abraham his son Ishmael.
Isaac was the only son of Abraham and Sarah, and the father of Esau and Jacob
-Isaac's birth came about from a miracle - Abraham was 100 years old when Isaac was born (Genesis 21:5), and Sarah, at age 90, had been unable to have children (Genesis 16:1, 17:17). As explained, "Then God said, "Yes, but your wife Sarah will bear you a son, and you will call him Isaac. I will establish My Covenant with him as an everlasting covenant for his descendants after him."
the wife of Isaac and the mother of Jacob. Rebekah's father was Bethuel, who was the son of Abraham's brother Nahor
Oldest son of Isaac, he was tricked by Jacob so that Jacob got the blessing
brother of Esau, son of Isaac, younges son that takes the blessing from Esau
first king of israel, samuel does not come in 7 days so saul makes sacrifices which loses him his kingship
Solomon was the son of King David and Bathsheba. Solomon was not the oldest son of David, but David promised Bathsheba that Solomon would be the next king
a prophet? could not find much more
Amos is the name of a prophet of Israel. A whole book of the Old Testament is about him. The time covered is the period of two kings of Israel, Uzziah of Judah and Jeroboam II. Amos calls for repentence of the people of Israel.
Jeremiah is traditionally credited with authoring the Book of Jeremiah, 1 Kings, 2 Kings and the Book of Lamentations
a runaway slave of Philemon's
Philemon was a church official, we believe, somewhere in Collossae or the surrounding area. He had a slave called Onesimus who ran away and found himself on Paul's doorstep. The name Onesimus means 'useful'.