Korematsu v. U.S.
Supreme Court decision in 1944 that upheld the relocation of Japanese-Americans from the west coast to internment camps because they might be a threat. Shows racial prejudice also because the same was not done to German or Italian American.
North Atlantic Treaty Organization, begun in 1949 as a military and political alliance of European nations and the United States and Canada designed to protect Western Europe from a Soviet attack.
U.S. Senator (Republican) from Wisconsin (1946-1957), accused Truman and many others of being Communist conspirators
An official of the U.S. State Department and the United Nations during the 1930s and early 1940s, then president of the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace (1946-1949)
Richard M. Nixon
President of the U.S. from 1969-1974. Election based on public discontent with the war, but after elected, he continued the war through "vietnamization." Won re-election, but the Watergate scandal was soon publicized and he resigned in August instead of certain impeachment.
A war between North Korea (supported by both the Soviet Union and communist China) and South Korea (supported by the United States and the United Nations). The war ended in an armistice and original borders.
United States rock singer whose many hit records and flamboyant style greatly influenced American popular music (1935-1977).
Born in Chicago, he was murdered while on a visit to relatives in Mississippi because he whistled at a white woman in a harshly segregated town. The murder of Emmett Till was noted as one of the leading events that motivated the American Civil Rights Movement.
The Soviet Union surprised the world by launching Sputnik, the first artificial satellite to orbit the earth. The resulting outcry in the United States, especially fears that the Soviets were ahead in both space exploration and military missiles, forced the Eisenhower administration to increase defense spending and accelerate America's space program.
Brown v. Board of Education
Court case that overturned Separate but Equal standard of discrimination in education. Integration of public schools like Little Rock Central High were a result of this.
Segregated systems would desegregate at all deliberate speed. Decisions of Brown placed in the hands of federal district court judges. When Little Rock Central High was not segregrated, Eisenhower sent federal troops.
John F. Kennedy
Served as President of the U.S from 1961 until his assination in 1963.
President Kennedy proposed The Civil Rights Act of 1964, the law that would end segregation. He was president during part of the cold war and the cuban missile crisis. He told the public about the crisis and allowed the leader of the soviet uinon to withdraw their missiles. Also during his terms were the building of the berlin wall, the space race, and early events of the Vietnamese war.
Civil Rights Act
LBJ passed this in honor of FDR in 1964. It prohibited discrimination of African Americans in employment, voting, or public accomadations. Also said there could be no discrimination against race, color, sex, religion, or national origin.
An interracial group of civil rights activists tested southern states' compliance to the Supreme Court ban of segregation on interstate buses. White violence against them prompted the Kennedy administration to protect them and become more involved in civil rights.
Tonkin Gulf Resolution
Shots were allegedly fired at American navy ships by the North Vietnamese. LBJ quickly ordered an air raid on North Vietnamese bases, and pushed the Tonkin Gulf Resolution through Congress. This gave the president a blank check to uses for further force in Southeast Asia. Because of this, LBJ had total control, and did not need the approval of Congress to enter the war.
Lyndon B. Johnson
Democrat from Texas, Vice President under Kennedy (1961-1963) and President of the U.S. (1963-1969)
Fannie Lou Hamer
A SNCC organizer and former sharecropper who had been evicted from her farm after registering to vote & thrown in jail for urging other African Americans to register to vote; helped organize the Mississippi Freedom Democratic Party & challenged the legality of the segregated Democratic Party at the Democratic Convention.
President Johnson called his version of the Democratic reform program the Great Society, which stressed the five P's: Peace, Prosperity, anti-Poverty, Prudence and Progress.. In 1965, Congress passed many Great Society measures, including Medicare, civil rights legislation, and federal aid to education.
This series of violent uprisings in Watts neighborhood in Los Angeles occurred in 1965 in an African-American ghetto and left more than 30 dead and 1,000 wounded. The race-related violence lasted for a week and was only the first of similar events that occurred during that era. The violence came following slow progress in civil rights legislation and the assassination of several civil rights leaders.
Attack by North Vietnamese and Vietcong troops against South Vietnam during the Vietnam War; came during Tet, the Vietnamese New Year; demostrated that the North Vietnamese were still militarily strong.
Kent State incident
Kent State: May 4, 1970 - National Guardsmen opened fire on a group of students protesting the Vietnam War. Four students died, leading to the other students boycotting class for the next week.
U.S. Senator from Arizona (1953-1965, 1969-1987), and a Republican Party nominee for U.S. President in 1964. Goldwater emerged in the early 1960s as a leading spokesman for a newly energized conservative movement, which rejected "big government" and the legacy of the New Deal- and also denounced Eisenhower-style "moderation." he suffered a crushing loss in the 1964 election, but over the years that followed, he came to be seen as having paved the way for the predominance of the Right over the Republican Party and, increasingly, the nation as a whole. He is the American politician most often credited for sparking the resurgence of the American conservative political movement in the 1960s.
The events and scandal surrounding a break-in at the Democratic National Committee headquarters and the subsequent cover-up of White House involvement led to the eventual resignation of President Nixon under the threat of impeachment.
ERA (Equal Rights Amendment)
Proposed amendment to US constitution in 1972 that would give equality of rights regardless of sex. Congress passed it but it was never ratified by the House.
President of the U.S. (1981-1989)
He ran on a campaign based on the common man and "populist" ideas. While president, he developed Reagannomics. He cut out many welfare and public works programs. He used the Strategic Defense Initiative to avoid conflict. His meetings with Gorbachev were the first steps to ending the Cold War.
President from 1993-2001.
42nd President who advocated economic and healthcare reform; second president to be impeached. This Democrat served as president from 1993 to 2001, during a period of intense partisanship in the US government. His few domestic and international successes were overshadowed by the Monica Lewinsky sex scandal that led to his impeachment and eventual acquittal.
Tea Party movement
The Tea Party is an American populist political movement, which is generally recognized as conservative and libertarian. It has sponsored protests and supported political candidates and endorses reduced government spending, opposition to taxation in varying degrees, reduction of the national debt and federal budget deficit, and adherence to an originalist interpretation of the United States Constitution.