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photosynthesis

The process by which plants and some other organisms capture and use light energy to make food from carbon dioxide and water

tissue

A group of similar cells that perform a specific function in an organism

chloroplast

A plant cell structure in which photosynthesis occurs

vacuole

A large sac-like storage area in a cell

cuticle

The waxy, waterproof layer that covers the leaves and stems of most plants

vascular tissue

The internal transporting tissue in some plants that is made up of tubelike structures

fertilization

The joining of a sperm cell and an egg cell

zygote

A fertilized egg

nonvascular plant

A low-growing plant that lacks true vascular tissue

vascular plant

A plant that has vascular tissue

chlorophyl

A green pigment found in the chloroplasts of plants, algae, and some bacteria

saprophyte

The stage in the life cycle of a plant in which the plant produces spores

gametophyte

The stage in the life cycle of a plant in which the plant produces gametes, or sex cells

rhizoid

A thin, rootlike structure that anchors a moss and absorbs water and nutrients for the plant

bog

A wetland where sphagnum moss grows on top of acidic water

peat

Compressed layers of dead sphagnum mosses that accumulate in bogs

frond

The leaf of a fern plant

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