CWC Test Unit 3 Terms
Not Anabaptist himself, but his followers became Anabaptist. Agrees w/ Luther on fundamental issues, opposed images, isn't radical enough for some of his followers
Not baptist, re-baptized as adults, small group from Switzerland. Got killed for their baptisms & beliefs. Small pure church. Ban ppl from it b/c of their sin for their own good until they change. Agrees w/ 2 kingdoms but deny that Christians should serve in the world.
|Michael Sattler||Anabaptist from Switzerland. Lead a meeting to form Schleitheim Confession in 1527|
|Menno Simons|| 1530's|
|Schleitheim Confession||A declaration of Swiss Anabaptist Beliefs.|
|John Calvin|| 1530's|
French Catholic, Calvinism. Use things on earth (God's gifts) in moderation & don't loose focus on God. Wrote the Institutes. Divine Calling
|The Institutes (of the Christian Religion)|| 1530's|
A doctrine of salvation and predestination and election Written by John Calvin.
Limited Atonement (to the elect)
Perseverance of the Saints
|Predestination & Election||God predestines people's salvation and elects them beforehand.|
|Henry VIII|| 1530's|
Anglican, needs an heir. Marries Ann Boylin and gets annulment against the pope, gets excommunicated.
|Act of Supremacy|| 1534|
Created the Church of England. Made Henry (King) supreme head of Church. Denial of King's supremacy was treason.
|Elizabeth I|| 1560's|
Returns England to Protestantism, wants unity and peace.
|Thomas Cranmer|| 1540's|
|Book of Common Prayer|| 1540's|
Anglican, Deemphisizes differences like communion. Creates unity.
|Presbyterian Church Government||There is authority on top b/c of bottom. They practice 2 sacraments - Infant baptism & communion, but salvation does not come from these.|
|Thomas More||Denied Henry VIII's divorce.|
|Puritans||Serious about beliefs, strict, Calvinist, believed in predestination and that Elizabeth's Unity was too lukewarm. They left and came to U.S. to practice true Christianity.|
|Council of Trent|| 1545-1563|
Church comes together to talk about scripture & salvation. We are saved through cooperation between God & individual. 7 sacraments help u get grace. Belief in hierarchy, scripture alone interpreted by the church.
|Jesuits||Founded by Ignatius Loyola, Believed in education and ministry.|
|Ignatius Loyola||Christian, Founder of Jesuits, believed to obey church as supreme authority. Praised good works. Education & ministry.|
|Peace of Westphalia||Ended 30 years war in 1648|
|Wars of Religion||30 years war (1618 - 1648)|
|Fransis Xavier||Student of Loyola. Ministered all over the country but mainly in India.|
|Pietism||Philipp Spener - What is important is that the holy spirit is making you a new person, not getting worked up in little details.|
|Scientific Revolution||Declining church authority, more knowledge & mathematics.|
|Galileo|| 1564-1642 Christian, Understanding science in light of faith. Bible does not explain scientific facts.|
First to use telescope to study sky, discovers moon has craters, Jupiter has moons, Writes the Starry Messenger in 1610, saw no conflict w/ scripture. Church does. He recants in 1633.
Christian, Poland, believed in heliocentric (Sun centered) universe b/c is was simple.
|Isaac Newton|| 1642 - 1727 Christian|
What makes the planets move? The Principa 1687 - universal law of gravitation.
World governed by Laws of Nature - principles discoverable by reason which control nature.
|Blaise Pascal||1623-1662 Christian. French scientist & mathematician. Reason is good but it has limits. There needs to be a balance. There are 3 ways of believing: reason, tradition, and inspiration. (Uses #s of things).|
|The Elightenment||18th century 1687 - 1789. Change of focus from God to man. Intellectual movement that attempts to explain all of reality in terms of science & reason. Progress & understanding, reasoning to discover truth (instead of authority)|
|Deism||Change Christianity while defining it, unite religion.|
|Laws of Nature||...|
|Thomas Hobbes|| 1588 - 1679 Social Contract|
State of nature = state of war. All humans seek peace and defend ourselves. Life is better w/ a social contract & centralized order & authority.
|John Locke||ppl are basically good at birth born as a blank slate. We have rights to life, liberty and PROPERTY. Belief in state of nature, social contract, and a government to protect our rights that we can choose & revoke.|
|Jean-Jacques Rousseau|| 1712 - 1778|
Wrote the social contract (1772) - we submit ourselves to general will, what is best for all is best for the individual.
|Adam Smith||The Wealth of Nations 1776|
|Laissez-faire||State doesn't interfere w/ ppl. Trade and division of labor is more productive, self interest is positive and a virtue.|
|Thomas Jefferson||Deist, Wrote the Declaration Of Independence in 1776|
|French Revolution||1789 Peasants take power & overturn leaders. Peasants DeChristianized things. Declaration of the rights of man & citizen (Social Contract) in 1789 (French Constitution).|
|Mary Wollstonecraft||1759 - 1797 Social Contract, Rights of Women|
|Social Contract Theory||General will, what is best for all is best for the individual. Protects our rights.|
|Middle Passage||Slave's tough journey across the Atlantic. Many died.|
|Glory, Gold, and God||Spanish Empire, Searched for these things and converts their slaves to Christianity.|
|William Wilberforce||Rising young politician, 1785 has a conversion experience, 1787 dedicates his life to ending slavery|
|d'Holbach||Atheist. Theology is hazardous, preserved by custom which never reasons. We should only be good b/c we benefit from it. Can't gain happiness through Christ.|
|Voltaire||Deist, Reasoning, religion has brought wars & death & violence & destruction. (Still believes in God though). Plea for religious tolerance.|
|Ben Franklin||Diest, wants morale perfection, virtuous, tries to be good and make progress.|