Figurative Language

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Figurative Language

the intentional departure from the normal order, construction or meaning in order to gain strength or freshness

3 types of Figurative language

rhetorical figures, tropes and figures of sounds

rhetorical figures

works keep their literal meanings but their rhetorical pattern change

Rhetorical figures are...

antistrophe, apostrophe, epistrophe and rhetorical questions

Tropes are...

Metaphore, Simile, Hyperbole, Litotes, Personification, Metonymy, Synecdoche, Irony and Symbol

Figures of Sound are...

Alliteration, Assonance, Consonance, Onomatopoeia,

Antistrophe

the order of terms in the first of two parrallel clauses are reversed for the second

Antistrophe example

All for one and one for all

Apostrophe

someone (usually not present) has some abstract quality, or god directly addressed as present

Apostrophe example

The invocation to the muse

Epistrophe

a word or phrase is repeated at the end of several successive lines

Epistrophe example

The truth, the whole truth and nothing but the truth

Rhetorical Question

A queston asked for the reason of persuasion

Methaphor

A comparison made between two things that are basically dissimular

Methaphor example

Richard was a lion in battle

Tenor

The idea being expressed or the subject of the comparission

Vehicle

the image by which this idea is conveyed or the subject communicated

Implied metaphor

does not directly tell us that one thing is another different thing

Implied metaphor example

Old age Superbly rising

Dead Metaphor

A metaphor that is used so much that it has lost it force

Simile

the comparison of two unlike things using like or as

Hyperbole

an exageration that is used for emphisis

Litotes

something is said by saying the oppisite usually to make and understatement

Litotes example

She is not bad looking

Personification

and abstract thing or an intanimate object is given human charecteristics

Metonymy

replaces the name of one thing with the name of something else cloesly related to it

Metonymy example...

the pen is mightier than the sword

Synecdoche

substiting the part of something for a person

Synecdoche example

all hands on deck

Irony

the straightforwad statement or event that is determened by its context so as to give it very different significance

3 types of Irony

Verbal Irony, Dramatic Irony and Situational Irony

Verbal Irony

speaker says one thing meaning but means something entirely different

Dramatic Irony

when the reader or audience perceives something that a charecter in the story does not know

Situational Irony

not a figure of speech it is a plot device, a charecter brings around an opposite result

Symbol

stands for something larger

Figures of Sound

emphasis on the repitition of sound

Alliteration

the repition of the initial consanant sound

Assonance

simular vowel sounds that end with different consant sound

Consanance

the repitition of the same consant sound with different vowel sounds

Onomatopoeia

the use of words where the sound suggests the meaning

Rhyme

the exact repitition of sounds

End Rhyme

a rhyme at the end of a line

Internal Rhyme

a rhyme that is in the middle of a line

Slant Rhyme

when the vowels are almost but not exacly the same

Masculine Rhyme

falls to the last syllable of a word or Rhyme

Feminie Rhyme

rhyme falls on the last two syallables of a word

Eye Rhyme

words that look the same and sound differently

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