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The strength of the domestic textile industry today is in its ability to:

Jobber

Who buys up the products produced that exceeded what you had orders for called?

Mill

A company which owns machinery to produce fabric is a:

Industrial

Fabrics used for luggage would usually be categorized in which end use grouping?

fabrics sold at retail

Over-the-counter sales of fabric are

greige goods, finished fabric

A textile converter buys ________ and converts it to ________ .

False

A filament fiber is a short textile fiber.

the spinnerette

The shape and size of
manufactured fibers are determined by

fiber

The first and smallest building block of a fabric is

select appropriate fabrics for a particular end-use such as a child's dress, draperies, or bed linens.

A fashion buyer or interior designer need textile knowledge to

cross-sectional shape.

A factor that helps determine the "hand" of a fiber is

drape well

Flexibility, as a fiber property, will allow the fiber to

to spring back to shape after being creased or twisted.

Resiliency is a fiber property that allows the fiber

all answers are correct

Static electricity can cause

better cover

A crimped fiber will usually give a fabric ________ than if it were thin and straight.

all answers are correct

Luster of a fabric is significantly affected by the fiber's

Permanently crease retentive

A thermoplastic fiber makes the fabric and garment

true

A triangular shaped fiber will feel harsher and hide soil better than a round fiber.

greater wrinkle resistance

A resilient fiber should help a garment to have

abrasion resistant

A durable fabric usually contains fibers which are

False

A textile fiber can always be identified through the burning test.

weak

Acetate is a _______ fiber.

cotton

Which fiber wrinkles the most?

dissolves the acetate.

Acetone (nail polish remover) can be used to identify an acetate fabric because the acetone

linen

A 100% flax fabric is called

false

Tussah silk is produced from cultivated silk worms.

is stronger wet than dry

Cotton

50% polyester/50% wool

You want a fabric for warm, permanently pleated winter skirts to sell in Chicago. Your best choice would be

are naturally comfortable to the skin; need no special finish

All cotton blouse fabrics

true

Chemical composition is used as the basis for designating generic fiber names.

Draperies

What is the most desirable end-use for glass fibers?

cotton

Lyocell best approximates the characteristics of

excellent

Rayon's absorbency is _____ for a manufactured fiber.

wool

Acrylic is a _____ substitute.

acrylic

You need to select a fiber for an area rug that will be in a sunny entry. Which fiber is the best choice?

has better wet strength

A HWM rayon is superior to a viscose rayon because it

wool

Which fiber "felts" when laundered?

100% acetate

After burning part of a filament fabric, and finding that it smells like burning paper, you apply acetone to the fabric. The fabric dissolves. The fabric is most likely made of

acetate

What was the first thermoplastic fiber on the market?

linen

A 100% flax fabric is called

false

Staple fibers are the basis for making textured yarns.

false

Fabrics made from worsted yarns are softer and generally fuzzier than fabrics made from woolen yarns.

true

Crepe twist yarns are yarns with very high twist.

all of the above

Texturized filament yarns may have

snagging

A potential garment performance problem related to the use of textured polyester yarn fabric is

False

Spun yarns are generally smoother, stronger and more lustrous than filament yarns.

long staple

Combed yarn cotton is spun from fiber which is

True

The word used to describe the size or weight of filament yarns is denier.
Answer
Question 8 answers

novelty

Yarns that have interesting surface effects such as lumps and curls are called ______ yarns.

30 denier yarn

Assuming all else is the same, the yarn that would result in the sheerest polyester chiffon is

Dralon®

You wish to imitate a wool sweater with a manufactured fiber. Which should you buy?

stronger than singles when both are the same size.

A reason for using plied spun yarns instead of singles is

True

When two or more fibers are present in a single-spun yarn, it is called a blended yarn.

nylon/spandex

The combination of fibers you would look for in a "one size fits all" garment to get the best combination of strength and stretch is

false

Textured yarns are generally bright and lustrous.

False

Yarns composed of relatively short lengths of fiber are called novelty yarns.

high twist is stronger.

Comparing yarns of high twist with yarns of low twist, generally you would find that

cotton

Work clothes are best made from

thermoplastic

Most textured yarns are produced from fibers which are

False

Very fine cotton yarns are called carded yarns.

change the filling yarn

The most rapid and economical change that can be made on a loom is

the finished edge of a woven fabric.

Selvage is a term used to describe

shuttleless loom

Which loom will produce fabric the fastest?

interlaced

To make woven fabrics, yarns are

plain

The simplest and most used weave is

increased cost and weight

If all yarns remain the same size, as the picks per inch are increased, you get

True

Ribs are the horizontal ridges in a woven fabric.

plain weave

Rib and basket weaves are variations of the

twill

A weave which produces a diagonal line in the cloth

warp

Lengthwise yarns are known as

small geometric designs woven in

Dobby shirting is a name of a fabric which has

plain weave

Assuming all is equal except the weave, which fabric is the least likely to snag?

a cut warp pile weave

Velvet is an example of

jacquard weave

You want to stock a line of expensive evening jackets, for women, that have an elaborate woven-in design. You would look for a fabric made with a

leno weave

When purchasing an open weave fabric for curtains, the most stable fabric would be made in the

corduroy

The pile weave fabric listed below is

leno weave

Marquisette fabric is made from an open weave in which warp yarns twist around the filling yarns. The name of this weave is

all of the above

Luster in satin fabrics is a result of

two or more warp yarns pass over and under two or more filling yarns

In a basket-weave fabric

all of the above.

Floats in a fabric

plain

The simplest and most used weave is

all of the above.

Floats in a fabric

the finished edge of a woven fabric.

Selvage is a term used to describe

False

Usually the thinner yarns in a woven fabric are the filling yarns.

change the filling yarn

The most rapid and economical change that can be made on a loom is

True

A fabric with a jacquard design used as a tablecloth is damask.

True

Gabardine fabric is usually made with a twill weave.

increased cost and weight

If all yarns remain the same size, as the picks per inch are increased, you get

all of these

Which woven fabric uses yarns to create a ribbed effect?

float

When a yarn passes over two or more adjacent yarns, it is referred to as

True

Mosquito netting fabric is best made with a leno weave.

False

A herringbone design is made with a satin weave.

change the filling yarn

The most rapid and economical change that can be made on a loom is

True

Ribs are the horizontal ridges in a woven fabric.

False

Tapestry is made with dobby designs on a dobby loom.

shuttleless loom

Which loom will produce fabric the fastest?

bias

Fabrics elongate most in which direction?

corduroy

The pile weave fabric listed below is

False

Wale is a term used with velvet fabric.

a cut warp pile weave

Velvet is an example of

wrists and neck openings of sweaters

Rib knits are most commonly used for

tricot

The most rapid textile production is

True

A knit shirt/top made of a cotton rib knit would generally be a heavier fabric with greater stretch than one made of cotton jersey knit.

True

A course in a knit fabric is a horizontal row of stitches.

it is of better quality

Fashion marks on a knitted garment are an indication that

wales, courses

The lengthwise grain in a knit fabric corresponds to the _____, the _____ is the crosswise grain

a and b are both correct

The tuck stitch may be used to

True

Most weft knitting is circular knitting.

True

Knitted stripes in a weft knit fabric are usually horizontal stripes.

False

Jersey fabrics look the same on both sides.

tricot

The knitted fabric most used in lingerie is

raschel

The crochet look currently popular in tops and the thermal knit made for long underwear are both usually made on a _____ knitting machine.

warp knits

Raschel knits are

lace and open fabrics

Raschel knitting can be used to make

True

Tricot fabrics may be recognized by a slightly zigzag/diagonal series of yarns on one side.

the greater wales per inch

The higher the number of the cut in a knit fabric

more stable than weft knits

Warp knits as compared to weft knits are generally

improve stability of knit fabrics

Laid-in yarns in weft and warp knitting

True

Most T-shirts are made from circular knit jersey.

fake fur fabric

Sliver knitting is used to produce

hats

Which of these products would be the most appropriate use for felt fabric?

Schiffli machine

Practically all embroidery sold in the UNited States is machine-made on the

foam laminate

Which of the following structures will provide a greater degree of insulation?

all of the above

Nonwoven materials are important in

leavers machine

While some would argue that real lace must be handmade, which machine was designed to make lace?

all of the above are true.

Felt fabrics

True

Disposable nonwoven wipes are being used in consumer facial care for cleaning and moisterizing.

tufting

Most carpets in the United States are made by

False

When thermoplastic fibers are used to produce nonwoven material, they are usually held together by adhesive.

can be biodegradable and eco-friendly

Nonwoven products

cotton

Solution dyed colors are not possible with

metamerism

A fabric that changes color when subjected to different lighting conditions has a problem called:

pigments

Which class of coloring can be used on any fiber?

piece dyeing

The least expensive method of dyeing listed is

yarn dyeing

The dye method used to produce a green and white plaid pattern in a 100% cotton broadcloth is

stock

Heather effect in a 100% woolen fabric is accomplished by _______ dyeing.

garment

Last minute color decisions are possible when you use ______ dyeing.

True

No single dye class is capable of dyeing all textile fibers.

False

Pigment coloring may be done as fiber, yarn, piece or garment.

False

One difficulty with computer shade matching and dye formulations is that there is no way to control metamerism.

False

Pigment prints and heat transfer prints are practically the same and one would have difficulty in
identifying one from the other.

False

In producing resist prints, fabric is first dyed then printed with a chemical which removes the original color in the pattern area.

False

Pigment (dry) prints should only be dry cleaned, not laundered.

the design is printed onto a white fabric

A direct print is one in which

registration

In a print pattern, getting the colors to match up correctly without distortion or unintended overlap is called

True

Warp prints can be identified because examination of the fabric will reveal that the fabric warp
yarns possess a printed patte

flatbed or automatic screen printing

The method of printing likely to be used to produce a drapery fabric with a large repeat pattern in an exclusive limited production design would be

flock printing

Which print method would best simulate woven dotted swiss?

100% polyester interlock

Heat-transfer printing would be most effective on a fabric made from

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