homework 3. 2nd qut.

17 terms by shanndiggs

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binomial nomenclature

word naming system that Linnaeus developed to identify species.

class

is a taxon of similar orders.

classification

the grouping of objects or information based on similarities.

division

plant taxonomists use this instead of phylum

family

the next larger taxon in the biological classification system, consists of a group of similar genera.

genus

consists of a group of similar species.

kingdom

is a taxon of similar phyla or divisions.

order

is a taxon of similar families.

phylum

is a taxon of similar classes.

specific epithet

describes a characteristic of the organism.

taxonomy

is the branch of biology that groups and names organisms based on studies of their characteristics.

cladistics

a biological system of classification that is based on phylogeny is this.

cladogram

Biologists identify a group's derived traits and use them to make a branching diagram called this

eubacteria

have very strong cell walls and a less complex genetic makeup than found in archaebacteria or eukaryotes.

fungus

is either a unicellular or multicellular eukaryote that absorbs nutrients from organic materials in the environment.

phylogeny

the evolutionary history of a species is called this.

protist

is a eukaryote that lacks complex organ systems and lives in moist environments.

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