The right to meet with others to discuss your beliefs, ideas, or feelings.
To make known your thoughts and feelings.
A formal, written request.
Newspapers, magazines, and other news media. Also, the reporters and people who produce them.
speech, freedom of
The right to talk about your beliefs, ideas, or feelings
Unfair treatment of people because of such things as their race, religion, or gender.
The part of the First Amendment that says the government cannot set up an official religion.
free exercise clause
The part of the First Amendment that says the government shall not stop you from holding any religious beliefs you choose. The government may not unfairly or unreasonably limit your right to practice any religious beliefs you wish.
freedom of belief or conscience
The government may not force you to believe in something if you do not wish to do so.
To be willing to let other people be different from yourself in such areas as religion, lifestyle, and political opinion.
An act of protest such as when people get together as a group and refuse to buy from or deal with a store or company.
Civil Rights Act of 1964
This law ended segregation in public places including restaurants, movie theaters, and hotels. The law also said that employers could not unfairly discriminate against people because of their race, national origin, religion, or gender.
Civil War Amendments
The Thirteenth, Fourteenth, and Fifteenth Amendments to the Constitution passed after the Civil War. These amendments were intended to give former slaves the rights of citizens.
equal protection clause
The part of the Fourteenth Amendment that has been used to provent states from being unfair to citizens because of their race or gender. It prohibits laws that unreasonably an dunfairly favor some groups over others.
equal protection of the laws
Treating all individuals or groups of people equally under the law, unless there is a good and fair reason for not doing so.
To separate people in schools and other public places according to things such as their race.
It states that no person shall have their life, liberty, or property taken away by the federal government without due process of law. This amendment protects your right ot be treated fairly by the federal government.
right to due process of law
The right to be treated fairly by your government.
civil rights movement
In the U.S. during the 1950s and 1960s, people organized to demand that the federal government protect the rights of African Americans and other minorities. People worked together to change unfair laws. They gave speeches, marched in teh streets, and participated in boycotts.
The law stated that a person could vote if his grandfather had been allowed to vote. It made it possible for white people whou could not pass a literacy test to vote because their grandfathers had the right to vote. It also made it impossible for African Americans to vote because their grandfathers had not been allowed to vote.
Tests given to people to prove they are able to read and write. These tests were used in the South to keep African Americans from voting.
Added to the Constitution in 1920, it gave women the right to vote.
A tax that voters in many states had to pay before they could vote.
It states that the right to vote in a national election shall not be denied because a person fails to pay a poll tax, or any other tax.
It gave citizens eighteen years of age or older the right to vote in all elections.
Voting Rights Act
The Act passed in 1965 that further protected the right to vote for all U.S. citizens. It forced the states to obey the Constitution. It made it clear that the right to vote could not be denied because of a person's color or race.