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Mr. Baker.

brain trusts

Group of expert policy advisers who worked with FDR in the 1930s to end the great depression

Harry Hopkins

A New York social worker who headed the Federal Emergency Relief Administration and Civil Works Administration. He helped grant over 3 billion dollars to the states wages for work projects, and granted thousands of jobs for jobless Americans. (p778)

Eleanor Roosevelt

FDR's Wife and New Deal supporter. Was a great supporter of civil rights and opposed the Jim Crow laws. She also worked for birth control and better conditions for working women

Civilian Conservation Corps

work relief; assigned unemployed jobs to conserve environment; discriminatory against blacks

Tennessee Valley Authority

A New Deal agency created to generate electric power and control floods in a seven-U.S.-state region around the Tennessee River Valley . It created many dams that provided electricity as well as jobs.

Social Security Act

(FDR) 1935, guaranteed retirement payments for enrolled workers beginning at age 65; set up federal-state system of unemployment insurance and care for dependent mothers and children, the handicapped, and public health

American Liberty League

a conservative anti-New Deal organization; members included Alfred Smith, John W. Davis, and the Du Pont family. It criticized the "dictatorial" policies of Roosevelt and what it perceived to be his attacks on the free enterprise system.

Francis Perkins

Roosevelt's Secretary of Labor and first woman cabinet member in U.S. history.

Mary McLeod Bethune

Office of Minority Affairs; she supported African american rights

Charles Coughlin

A radio priest who was anti-Semetic and anti-New Deal. He catered away some support from FDR.

Francis E. Townsend

liberal reformer that wanted the government to grant a pension of $200 a month to every American over 60 years old

Huey Long

Senator of Louisiana; "Share Our Wealth Society": $5000 homestead;

Schecter v. United States

NRA of NIRA is declared unconstitutional

John Maynard Keynes

British economist who argued that for a nation to recovery fully from a depression, the govt had to spend money to encourage investment and consumption

John Collier

Head of the Bureau of Indian Affairs who introduced the Indian New Deal and pushed congress to pass Indian Reorganization Act

John Steinbeck

American novelist who wrote "The Grapes of Wrath". (1939) A story of Dustbowl victims who travel to California to look for a better life.

Dorothea Lange

United States photographer remembered for her portraits of rural workers during the Depression (1895-1965)

lebensraum

Hitler's expansionist theory based on a drive to acquire "living space" for the German people

Munich Agreement

In an effort to appease German ambitions, Britain and France agreed in this in 1938 to let Germany occupy part of Czech, yet this appeasement only furthered Hitler's conquests.

Blitzkrieg

"Lighting war", typed of fast-moving warfare used by German forces against Poland n 1939

Gerald Nye

Instigator of 1934 Senate hearings that castigated World War I munitions manufacturers as "merchants of death"

Winston Churchill

A noted British statesman who led Britain throughout most of World War II and along with Roosevelt planned many allied campaigns. He predicted an iron curtain that would separate Communist Europe from the rest of the West.

Dwight D. Eisenhower

American General who began in North Africa and became the Commander of Allied forces in Europe; commander during D-Day

Douglas MacArthur

United States general who served as chief of staff and commanded Allied forces in the South Pacific during World War II

Potsdam Declaration

Ultimatum from the Potsdam Conference that was issued by the United States, Great Britain and China to Japan offering that country the choice between unconditional surrender and total annihilation.

J. Robert Oppenheimer

leader of Manhattan project; remember for qoute "I am Death, destroyer of worlds."

Manhattan Project

code name for the secret United States project set up in 1942 to develop atomic bombs for use in World War II

George S. Patton

He commanded the American armored divisions across France after D Day

Bataan Death March

April 1942, American soldiers were forced to march 65 miles to prison camps by their Japanese captors. It is called the Death March because so many of the prisoners died en route.

Operation Overlord

the code name for the Allied invasion of Europe at Normandy on June 6, 1944; also known as D-Day

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