A kind of popular dance music incorporating elements of jazz, funk, soul, and hip-hop.
Denoting artistic endeavors that are experimental, new and unusual or cutting edge.
A style of jazz characterized by fast tempo and improvisation.
Big Band Swing
The first song that showed a change in direction in Miles Davis' band. Often called the first jazz-rock fusion and most controversial album. The album attracted a younger crowd and was thought of as "pop music" by many. Rejuvenated Davis' career and won a Grammy Award.
A form characterized by the use of a 12-bar chorus and an AAB lyrical verse that can be incorporated into jazz, rock, and other styles. Also, a separate style in and of itself that comes in many different forms (Classic and Country).
More rhythmic, less harmonically complex than stride. 12-bar blues form used almost exclusively. Left hand plays repeated patterns, imitating blues guitar. Right hand plays improvised blues riffs, block chords. Borders between jazz and blues.
A Brazilian jazz style developed by Antonio Carlos Jobim and Joao Gilberto in the 1950s
Call and Response
Technique with one lead singer issuing the call, and the rest of the participants providing the response.
Generally more complex than bebop; emphasized the composer and arranger. "Cool" is a detachment (less emotional approach to music). Sax NOT used.
PLayed the pocket trumpet and cornet; started his career off working with Ornette Coleman and continued to work with other musicians throughout life.
Spontaneous, syncopated accents played by a drummer on the bass drum.
Greatest American jazz composer. A good example of the growth of the jazz big band. Created "Jungle style music"
Musical Styles of Duke Ellington
Jungle Style: Characterized mainly by the growling trumpet style of Bubber Miley.
A jazz style from the 1960s that is characterized by a willingness to break conventional rules and norms.
Became a star playing with Miles Davis, built his band into a group called Head Hunters. Was playing sold out concerts across the country with Miles Davis as his warm up band. Concentrated on combining elements of jazz, funk, R&B and soul.
Pianist. Major musician of hard-bop and soul-jazz movements. Founding member of the Jazz Messengers.
Virtuoso electric bass player; joined the band The Weather Report, and then went solo to create his own band.
Part of The Weather Report band; keyboard player.
Kind of Blue
Put together in two separate sessions with no rehearsing ahead of time. Highly influential to jazz musicians and an easy listen for casual fans. Best selling jazz album of all time.
Louis Armstrong & The Hot Fives
Made records that are perhaps the most important in the history of jazz. Included one of the first examples of scat singing in their songs.
Concept of how to create modern music which reached its peak in the mid-to-late- 80s and early 90s.
Innovations of Miles Davis
Had a trumpet style that was among the most influential in jazz throughout the 50s and 60s.
Improvisations based on individual scales rather than an overall piece. Songs contain fewer chord changes and more time for improvisation.
A jazz movement that became popular in the 1980s that advocates the use of swing rhythm, blues tonalities, and acoustic instruments exclusively.
The Benny Goodman Orchestra played here after being rejected from numerous places. They decided to have a good time and play like it was their last night together, and the cheer of the crowd proved that the country was about to embark on the Swing Era.
Using two or more rhythms simultaneously.
Syncopated right hand juxtaposed with the pounding of the left hand.
Sheets of Sound
An improvisation technique associated with John Coltrane in which notes are played in an extremely fast and arrhythmical fashion.
A melodic and pop-oriented style of jazz that evolved from jazz/rock fusion in the 1980s and 1990s.
A popular sub style of hard bop that drew heavily from R&B and soul music influences.
The interruption of the regular beat pattern in the rhythm section, leaving two or more beats silent per bar, usually while the musician solos.
A style of jazz played by the Paul Whiteman Orchestra that incorporated heavy influences from European classical music.
Rhythmically placing or accenting notes away from the beat and in unexpected places.
A term coined by Gunther Schuller in 1957 to describe the combining of jazz and classical music into a new styler. Developed more formal structures than were typical in jazz tradition.
Part of Miles Davis' second quintet - played the Tenor Sax.
Artist of "Boplicity"
Artist of "Backstage Sally"
Artist of "Boogie Stop Shuffle"
Artist of "So What"
Artist of "Civilization Day"
Artist of "Hat and Beard"
Artist of "Black Pearls"
Artist of "Acknowledgement"
Artist of "Palladium"
Artist of "Havana Cafe"
Artist of "Mirrors (For Steve Lacy)"
Artist of "Pad Thai"
Artist of "Spiral Dance"
Artist of "Wyrgly"