Diagnostic Procedures and Pharmacology

26 terms by prisl 

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Pharmacology

Pharmacist

a licensed specialist who formulates and dispenses prescribed medications

Over-the-counter

OTC, a medication that can be purchased without a prescription

Generic

named for its chemical structure and is not protected by a brand name or trademark

Brand-name

that part of a brand that can be spoken, including letters, words and numbers, is sold under the name given the drug by the manufacturer

Addiction

compulsive, uncontrollable dependence on a drug, alcohol, or other substance

Adverse drug reaction

an undesirable drug response that accompanies the principal response for which the drug was taken

Compliance

the patient's consistency and accuracy in following the regimen prescribed by a physician or other health care professional

Contraindication

a factor in the patient's condition that makes the use of a medication or specific treatment dangerous or ill advised

Palliative

a substance that ease the pain or severity of the symptoms of a disease, but does not cure it

Placebo

an inactive substance substituted in place of the actual drug to satisfy the patient.

Antipyretic

any medicine that lowers body temperature to prevent or alleviate fever

Analgesic

a medicine used to relieve pain

Acetaminophen

analgesic that reduces pain and fever, but does not relieve inflammation

Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug

NSAID, nonnarcotic analgesics administered to control pain by reducing inflammation and swelling

Ibuprofen

a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medicine (trade names Advil and Motrin and Nuprin) used to relieve the pain of arthritis and as an analgesic and antipyretic

Suppository

a medication given rectally to cause a bowel movement.

Sublingual administration

drugs are given by placement under the tongue

Topical application

liquid or ointment that is rubbed into the skin on the area to be treated

Transdermal

medication is administered from a patch that is applied to unbroken skin

Parenteral

taken into the body in a manner other than through the digestive canal

Subcutaneous injection

made into the fatty layer just below the skin

Intradermal injection

made into the middle layers of the skin

Bolus

(bolus infusion) a single, concentrated dose of drug usually injected into a blood vessel over a short period of time, chewed food

Antibiotic

a drug that destroys microorganisms (particularly bacteria) or
inhibits their growth

Iatrogenic

referring to an injury or illness that occurs as a result of medical
care (either intentionally, such as the side effects of chemotherapy, or intentially)

Idiopathic

pertaining to an illness whose cause is either uncertain or as yet undetermined

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