Pre AP English 10 Quarter 4 Poetry Terms

45 terms by ClassicPeanuts 

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alliteration

the repetition of similar sounds, usually consonants or consonant clusters at the beginning of words

allusion

a reference to a person, a place, an event, or a literary work that a writer expects the reader to recognize and respond to

apostrophe

a figure of speech in which an absent or a dead person, an abstract quality, or something non-human is addressed directly

assonance

repetition of similar vowel sounds within non-rhyming words

blank verse

verse written in unrhymed iambia pentameter

caesura

a break or pause in a line of poetry

conceit

a kind of developed metaphor that makes a comparison between two startlingly different things

connotation

all the emotions and associations that a word or phrase may arouse

consonance

the repetition of similar consonant sounds in a group of words

couplet

any two consecutive lines that rhyme

denotation

the literal or dictionary meaning of a word

diction

a writers choice of words, particularly for clarity, effectiveness, and precision

elegy

a poem of mourning, usually over the death of an individual

end rhyme

rhymes that occur at the ends of lines

epic

a long narrative poem telling about the deeds of a great hero and reflecting the values of the society from which it originated

free verse

verse that has either no metrical pattern or an irregular pattern

iambic pentameter

a rhythm pattern of five metric feet of light, then heavy beats

imagery

words or phrases that appeal to the senses and create pictures or images in the reader's mind

irony

a contrast or an incongruity between what is stated and what is really meant, or between what is expected to happen and what really happens

lyric poem

a poem, usually short, that expresses a speaker's personal thoughts or feelings (includes elegy, ode and sonnet)

metaphor

a figure of speech that makes a comparison between two things that are basically dissimilar

meter

a generally regular pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables in poetry; measure of the rhythm of a poetic line

metonymy

a figure of speech in which something very closely associated with a things is used to stand for or suggest the thing itself

motif

a recurring feature such as a name, an image or a phrase in a work of literature

narrative poem

a poem that tells a story

ode

a complex and often lengthy lyric poem, written in a dignified formal style on some lofty or serious subject

onomatopoeia

the use of a word whose sound in some degree imitates or suggests its meaning

pastoral

a type of poem that deals in an idealized way with shepherds and rustic life

personification

a figure of speech in which something nonhuman is given human qualities

quatrain

stanza or poem with four lines

refrain

a word, phrase, line, or group of lines repeated regularly in a poem, usually at the end of each stanza

repetition

repeated words or phrases

rhyme scheme

the pattern of rhymes in a poem

rhythm

the arrangement of stressed and unstressed syllables into a pattern

scansion

analysis of literature in terms of meter

sestet

six-line stanza

simile

comparison made between two things through the use of a specific word of comparison such as like or as

sonnet

fourteen-line lyric poem, usually written in iambic pentameter

speaker

persona or person speaking in the poem

stanza

verse of a poem

synecdoche

a figure of speech that substitutes a part for the whole

theme

the general idea or insight about life that a writer wishes to express in a literary work

tone

attitude demonstrated by the writer toward his or her subject

allegory

the story represents something else; there is a literal level plus a symbolic level

enjambment

the sentence within the poetry extends through one line and continues in the next line or lines

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