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Got from Nussman

Oedipus

The young man who was prophecized to kill his father and marry his mother.

Fasces

A symbol of Roman power, it consisted of reeds surrounding a hatchet.

Jocasta

Mother of Oedipus who killed herself when she realized she had married her son.

rogus, i (m)

Funeral pyre on which the deceased's body was cremated.

pompa, ae (f)

funeral procession for which wealthy families would hire mourners, musicians, etc...

reticulum, i (n)

ceremonial yellow hairwet worn by a bride to her wedding.

flammeum, i (n)

bright orange veil worn by bride at wedding.

auspex, auspicis (m)

officiating priest, name comes from words for "to watch" and "bird".

Aurora

This goddess was the mother of the winds and the goddess of dawn. In mythology, she placed dew on the plants before the sun rose.

Tithonus

Lover of Aurora who was changed into a cricket because he was made immortal but did not stay one age.

Ceyx and Halcyone

In this myth, a king asks his wife to wait for him to return, but his boat crashed, and he never returned. The couple was transformed into a pair of kingfishers.

TImeo Danaos et dona ferentes

A Trojan says that he "fears the Greek, even bringing gifts" in Book II of The Aeneid upon seeing the wooden horse.

Who became gladiators?

Slaves, often those found guilty of a crime or captured in warfare.

meridiani

"midday fighters"; condemned criminals who fought to the death, often without weapons.

pulvinar

The inperial seat at the amphitheater.

Ave, imperator, morituri te salutant.

This chant was recited by the gladiators to the emperor before the combat began.

thermae

public baths

balneae

private baths

strigilis

metal implement used to wipe off oil at the baths.

tepidarium

warm room

caldarium

hot room

apodyterium

changing room

frigidarium

cold room

palaestra

exercise ground at the baths

the Metamorphoses

a collection of fairy tale-like myths written by Ovid.

recitatio

a public reading

capita aut navia

"heads or ships' the aincent Roman equivalent of "heads-or-tails".

ludus latrunculorum

"game of bandits"; a game very similiar to checkers, it was played by two players.

par impar

a game where one person had to guess if the number chosen by the other person was even or odd.

Flavian amphitheater

At this famous Roman stadium, gladiators fought on holidays/ feast days. Its construction was completed by Jewish slaves captured during the put-down of a revolt.

lanistae

Gladiators' trainers.

Liberalia

the festival of Liber or Bacchus.

Tabularium

The building that contained public records.

mimus, i (m)

an actor hired to roast the deceased.

neniae

singers who recited funeral hymns.

Flickr Creative Commons Images

Some images used in this set are licensed under the Creative Commons through Flickr.com. Click to see the original works with their full license.

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