Picks up where primase left off and does majority of work. Main enzyme of replication. Joins free nucleotides into the new "daughter strand" DNA
"Cleans up the mess." Fills any nicks or mistakes made.
Joins Okazaki fragments in lagging strand
Strand of DNA being replaced continuously toward replication fork.
Read and replicated 3' to 5'
Strand of DNA being replicated away from work in 5' to 3' manner (think back-stitching).
DNA strands run in opposite direction. The last sugar group on 1 strand is called 3' (prime) end; the last phosphate group on the opposite strand is called 5' end.
Enzyme that joins 2 elements of DNA strands
Fragments of DNA produced on lagging strand
New DNA strand
Nucleic acid that stores hereditary information about traits.
Step-by-step process used by the cell to copy DNA before revision
when 1 strand of DNA is old and 1 strand is new
All the DNA molecules in a cell with the associated proteins. Located inside the nucleus, loose like pasta
a single strand of DNA w/associated proteins
A section of chromosome that contains instructions for making a specific protein
Group of 3 nucleotides used to make DNA
monomers of nucleic acids
nitrogenous bases thymine and cytosine
single ring structure
nitrogenous bases adenine and guanine
double ring structure
"hell of a day and unwind"
Enzyme that breaks the helix hydrogen bonds so DNA can unwind
"Gets the party started." Enzyme that attaches to the parent strand and "reads" from 3' to 5' direction. Attaches 10 nucleotides to create a working template and get replication process started, creating "daughter strand." Tells polymerase to get going...