U.S. secret project to create the atomic bomb.
Post World War II trials for German war criminals.
Post World War II global plan to work together to ensure peace around the world and to prevent future conflicts.
Japanese cities that were atomically bombed by the United States to end World War II.
Mary McLeod Bethune
Female African American education leader in the 1930s. Created a university/college for African American females in Central Florida.
Post World War II U.S. policy to stop the spread of communism.
Presidential name for Containment after World War II.
Post World War II policy to create a more equal United States. This program was designed by President Eisenhower.
Post World War II global conflict between capitalist and communist countries of the world. The two main countries involved were the United States and the U.S.S.R.
The U.S. fear of communism after World War II.
U.S. senator that was a major part of the 'red scare' in the U.S.
U.S. president after World War II. Created the Fair Deal and was a former U.S. military general.
United Soviet Socialist Republic. This was the name of the russian peoples country when they became communist.
The name given to the communist countries in eastern europe for the separation they created between Western Europe and the U.S.S.R.
North Atlantic Treaty Organization. Capitalist created mutual alliance for protecting each other after World War II.
Communist created alliance after World War II. Created in response to N.A.T.O.
U.S. initiative to deliver necessary goods to West Berlin because of the Soviet blockade of trains and trucks entering Berlin.
Communist created part of Germany country(created by the USSR).
Capitalist created German country(Created by the U.S., France, and England).
Communist leader of China. Led a successful revolution to make China communist.
Fear tactics used by U.S. government officials accusing people of being communist.
Containment war in Asia that the U.S. successfully defended the south and kept them from becoming communist.
The dividing line between North and South Korea. That still divides the countries to this day.
Government theory that all people should be equal economically in a country.
Government theory that relies upon free enterprise and economic freedom for its citizens.
Jewish country created after World War II in the Middle East.
U.S. President who ordered the dropping of the atomic bomb on Hiroshima and Nagasaki.
Competition for U.S. supremacy in outer space.
U.S. location chosen to be the home of NASA.
Federal Highway Act
U.S. initiative to develop and improve the interstate highways.
Brown vs. Board of Education
Supreme Court case that desegregated schools and declared "Separate but equal is inherently unequal".
Interest group created to help with women's rights in the United States.
Mexican immigrant who became a leader of farm workers and helped to improve their working conditions and rights.
U.S. President who was elected in 1960. Later this president was assassinated.
President Kennedy's program to develop the U.S. space program.
Cuban Missile Crisis
Nuclear stand-off between the US and the USSR in the western hemisphere(close to the US).
Communist revolutionary from Argentina who tried to spread communism around the world. He also helped Fidel Castro gain control of Cuba.
Communist revolutionary who successfully gained control of Cuba in the late 1950s.
Bay of Pigs
Location of a failed attempt by Cuban exiles to regain control of Cuba from Fidel Castro.
Successful communist revolution in the western hemisphere in the 1950s.
Rock and Roll
A new form of music created during the 1950s that became popular with youth.
Youthful movement of people in the 1950s who believed in a life that was different than the standard. One of the leaders of this movement was Jack Kerouac.
Famous writer of the Beat Movement. Wrote the famous novel 'On the Road'.
Government program designed to help soldiers returning from war. This program was created after World War II.
The explosion of births in the US after World War II.
The spread of people away from cities that became more popular in the 1950s. This suburban living became known as __________.
First satellite launched into outer space by the USSR.
US government space organization formed to compete with the USSR.
First election to have television aired debates between Richard Nixon and John F. Kennedy.
President of the United States after the assassination of John F. Kennedy. He was known for the 'Great Society' programs.
Programs created by President Lyndon Johnson that attempted to make a more equal US society.
Influential Supreme Court of the 1960s that expanded the rights of US citizens.
Nightclub owner who killed Lee Harvey Oswald.
The court term that ensures that each accused person must go through the same legal process.
Filmed the assassination of President John F. Kennedy.
Lee Harvey Oswald
The lone assassin of President John F. Kennedy from the Texas School Book Depository building, according to the Warren Commission.
The official government study/book of the assassination of President John F. Kennedy.
Single Bullet Theory
The belief/theory that supports the idea that Lee Harvey Oswald acted alone in killing President John F. Kennedy.
Plessy v. Ferguson
Supreme Court case that establishes the "separate but Equal" doctrine in 1896.
Interest group attempting to improve and protect the lives of African Americans.
Brown vs. Board of Education
Supreme Court case dealing with the desegregation of a Kansas school. Established the principle "Separate but equal is inherently unequal".
Montgomery Bus Boycott
Peaceful resistance to the segregated public transportation in Alabama. One of the leaders of this was Dr. Martin Luther King Jr.
Refused to move her seat on a city bus and led to the Montgomery Bus Boycott.
Martin Luther King Jr.
Civil rights leader who believed in passive resistance. He was later assassinated in 1968.
Civil rights leader who believed in the theory summarized by the following quote- "by any means necessary". He was later assassinated.
Central High School
Arkansas high school where President Dwight Eisenhower forced the integration of public schools. The military was sent to this location to help enforce the desegregation.
Segregationist governor of Arkansas who was involved in the desegregation of Central High School.
Major example of the peaceful resistance to the segregated diners of the south.
Peaceful demonstrators who boarded desegregated buses in the north and traveled to the south to bring media attention to the segregated busing system there.
First African-American to attend the University of Mississippi. Later became a major civil rights activist.
Segregationist governor of Alabama.
African-American civil rights leader in the south. Assassinated by Byron De La Beckwith.
Byron De La Beckwith
Assassin who killed Medger Evers and was proven guilty after approximately 30 years.
Civil Rights Act of 1964
Major legislation passed to improve and solidify the voting rights of African Americans.
Communist Vietnamese country led by Ho Chi Minh and aided by the USSR and China.
Capitalist Vietnamese country aided by the United States and eventually taken over by the other Vietnam.
The meeting//plan to divide Vietnam into 2 separate countries with different governments.
Ho Chi Minh
Communist leader of North Vietnam.
Gulf of Tonkin Resolution
U.S. congressional approval for expanding the war in Vietnam b/c of a supposed attack on the USS Maddox.
U.S. vessel supposedly attacked in the Gulf of Tonkin by the North Vietnamese.
Type of bombing used by the U.S. in Vietnam after the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution was passed by Congress.
Unorthodox fighting style used by the Vietcong in Vietnam to fight against the U.S.
Supporters of a communist Vietnam that lived in South Vietnam and fought against the U.S.
Ho Chi Minh Trail
Supply line created for the Vietcong by the North Vietnamese that went through Cambodia.
Jelly-like substance that violently ignites that was used by the U.S. in Vietnam.
Chemical defoliant that can cause cancer that was used by the U.S. in Vietnam.
Location of brutal killings by U.S. military in Vietnam. U.S. soldiers were led by William Calley.
U.S. officer responsible for the My Lai massacre in Vietnam.
Kent State University
Location of an anti-war demonstration about Vietnam that turned violent after Ohio National Guard opened fire on protesters.
Common name for anti-war advocates during the Vietnam War.
Common name for pro-war advocates during the Vietnam War.
President of the United States during the latter part of the Vietnam War. Also, resigned from office because of his implication in the Watergate Scandal.
The belief that mainstream society is not the only way to live life. Examples of this way of life include 'Beatniks' and the 'Hippies'.
Major 'Hippie' festival/concert in up state New York in the 1960s.
Form of art that utilizes popular elements of culture to produce art. Andy Warhol was a famous artist who utilized this style.
Movement to produce true equality for women in the United States. Popularized in the 1960s by Betty Friedman and her book- The Feminine Mystique.
Famous book written by Betty Friedman about the plight of women in the world.
Roe vs. Wade
Supreme Court case that legalized abortions for women in the first trimester of pregnancy. The court cited the 'Right to Privacy' in legalization process.
Equal Rights Amendment
Proposed constitutional amendment that would create mandated equality between the genders.
Government plan to provide special help and accommodations to previously discriminated against groups of people.
White male who claimed reverse discrimination in his denial to the University of California. The Supreme Court affirmed that reverse discrimination is unconstitutional.
Advocate and activist for farm workers who became famous in the U.S. for improving the lives of migrant workers.
Famous environmentalist who wrote 'Silent Spring'. This book became very popular and more focus was brought to the environmental issues of the U.S. and world.
Environmental Protection Agency
Government agency created to help ensure the quality of our environment.
Natural products from the earth used to create much needed energy. Examples include, coal, oil, and natural gas.
Government plan incorporated by President Richard Nixon to give more power back to the individual states.
U.S. policy designed to ease tensions with the U.S.S.R.
U.S./U.S.S.R. plan to decrease the amount of strategic arms globally- specifically nuclear weapons.
Scandal involving the Republican Party that eventually led to the resignation of Richard Nixon.
Presidential right to withhold information from the American public or courts that has national security implications. Richard Nixon claimed this during the Watergate scandal.
The legal process of removing someone from an elected government position.
Constitutional presidential privilege to excuse people from the crimes they have committed.
Influential White House staff member that was instrumental in ending the Vietnam War and improving relations with the U.S.S.R.
War Powers Act
Congressional Act intended to limit the length a president can committ troops in conflicts. The limit was 60 days and 10,000 soldiers.
U.S. program to offer aid to impoverished areas of the world. Examples of aid include teachers, engineers, and doctors.
Organization of countries in the middle east that have major amounts of oil. These countries refused to sell oil to the U.S. in the 1970s and thier was an oil shortage.
Environmental hazard created by a corporation in upstate New York that the citizens were unaware of.
Camp David Accords
Peace deal negotiated by the United States between Israel(Jews) and Palestinians(muslims).
When the value of money decreases as time passes.
Economic situation when inflation is high and the economy is bad.
Legalized segregation of blacks and whites in South Africa.
Modern violent tactic used by groups to manipulate what governments are doing. This type of tactic has gotten more attention b/c of Al Qaeda.
Government philosophy that a larger government is OK as long as it offers needed programs to the people(Democrat).
Government philosophy that less taxes and a smaller government is best(Republican).
Left = Liberal/Democrat, Middle = Moderate, Right = Conservative/Republican
Geographic southern states that have increased in population and industrial might during the latter part of the 1900s.
Economic policy that gives tax breaks to large corporations in the hopes that the benefits of the tax will "trickle down" to the workers.
When the governments spending is greater than the amount of revenue(money) they have to spend.
U.S. scandal during the Reagan presidency in which the U.S. was secretly selling weapons to the Iranians and using the money from the sales to fund the Contras in Nicaragua.
Congressional Act to help fight terrorism in the U.S. This act limited many of the constitutional rights we have as American citizens.
U.S. cabinet department created after 9/11/2001 to better protect the United States from foreign threats such as terrorism.
Virus that has become a global issue since the 1980s. This virus has greatly affected the continent of Africa.
A restructuring of the USSRs government during the 1980s by Mikhail Gorbachev. This began to take the USSR away from communism.
A new political and governmental openness in the USSR that was introduced by Mikhail Gorbachev.
A religious war by Muslims.
Killing certain members of a country in an effort to rid the land of these people. Certain traits are used to do this- religion, race, color, etc.
Lying under oath. This became a national news topic in the mid-1990s because of President Clinton.
Presidential negotiated peace in the Eastern European country of Bosnia. This peace was negotiated in Ohio.
Easing of trade restrictions in North America between Canada, the United States, and Mexico.
Global plan to not build any new nuclear weapons in the world. The U.S. and Russia led the way with this plan.
An economic issue where a country is receiving a plentiful amount of good from a country but is not sending an equal amount back to the country in return. Example- U.S. and China.
The process of manufacturing goods in different locations than the home of the company. Example- Many U.S. corporations have begun producing goods in foreign countries.