1145 final exam study guide

67 terms by ktr6874

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turgor

normal resiliency of the skin

layers of the skin

epidermis, dermis, subcutaneous

age related changes (4)

lesions, dry skin, higher risk for cancer, loss of elasticity

a,b,c,d,e rule of cancer lesions

asymmetry, border,color,diameter,elevation, feeling

erythemia (light and dark skin)

reddish tone
deeper brown or purple

papule

primary lesion-wart,skin tag
elevated, firm, less than 1cm

primary lesion

normal skin variations

secondary lesions

scaring or trauma to skin

nodule

elevated, firm deeper in dermis

esotropia

eye pointing in

exotropia

eye pointing out

periorbital edema

swelling of eye lids

exophthalmos

protruding eye

enophthalmos

sunkin eye

ptosis

drooping eye

conjunctivitis

pink eye

subconjunctival hemorrhage

broken blood vessel in the eye

hyphema

large blood hemorrhage in eye

external ear

auditory canal
TM

middle ear

eustachian tube
malleus, incus and stapes

inner ear

vestibule, semicircular canals
cochlea

vertigo

dizziness

tinnitus

ringing in ear

TM color/location

pearly gray
middle ear

romberg test

stand and close eyes

rinne test

air conduction longer than bone conduction
2:1 ratio

structures of the mouth

hard/soft palates
uvula
tongue

salivary glands of the mouth

parotid
submandibular
sublingual

structures of the throat

oropharynx
tonsils
nasopharynx

tonsil grading

+1 - +4

order of musculoskeletal examination

inspection
palpation
range of motion
muscle testing

functional assessment

activities of daily living

self care behaviors

dressing self
brushing teeth
feeding self

abduction

away from

adduction

toward

phalen's sign

test for carpal tunnel
both wrists flexed, dorsum of hands together for 1 minute

tinel's sign

tapping on the median nerve

ankylosis

stiffness / fixation of a joint

frontal lobe

primary motor

occipital lobe

primary visual

temporal lobe

primary auditory

thalamus

relay station from spin to brain

hypothalamus

homeostasis

# of cranial nerves

12 pairs

# of spinal nerves

31 pairs

# of cervical nerves

8

# of thoracic nerves

12

# of lumbar nerves

5

# of sacral nerves

5

# of coccygeal nerves

1

locations of deep tendon reflexes

biceps c5-6
brachioradial c5-6
triceps c6-8
patellar L2-4
achilles S1-2

parasympathetic nervous system control what?

conserves energy
controls breathing
parastalsis

what makes one at risk for CVA?

ages (elderly)
gender (men more likely)
family history
high blood pressure
smokers
over weight
excessive alcohol

dysphagia

difficulty swallowing

CN1

olfactory / smells

CN2

optic / vision

CN3

oculomotor / eye movements, pupil constriction, change in lens shape

CN4

trochlear / downward, inward eye movement

CN5

trigeminal / jaw opening, clenching, chewing
sensation to eyes, forehead, nose, tongue, ear, facial skin

CN6

abducens / lateral eye movement

CN7

facial / facial expressions, front 2/3 taste, secretion of saliva and tears

CN8

acoustic / hearing and equilibrium

CN9

glossopharyngeal / swallowing, speech, gag reflex, taste back of tongue, carotid reflex

CN10

vagus / voluntary speech sounds, swallowing, sensation behind ear and part of external ear canal, digestive enzymes, peristalsis

CN11

spinal accessory / turning head, shrug shoulders

CN 12

hypoglossal / tongue movement for speech

graphesthesia

ability to recognize outlines traced on skin

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