What are the nerves that carry impulses away from the site?
Which type of measuring pain is objective; where the patient can tell you what they feel?
Which type of measuring pain is subjective, where the animal cannot tell you what they feel?
What is the term for when we thing consciously about pain and can anticipate/remember painful events which can make our pain worse?
True/False: Just because am animal may react to pain the same way as a human means that it is not in any pain.
Animals can hide pain for long periods of time
What is the main disadvantage of trying to figure out if an animal is in pain, especially when working with cats?
What causes the physiologic problems/ indicators of pain?
What is the technical term for the dilation of pupils?
Pain and stress cause the release of what?
to prevent pain
Why might you place an indwelling IV catheter to give certain medications and collect blood?
Preempt surgical pain
What is it called when you treat for pain before pain is given, and can start 12-24 hours before the procedure?
Always assume that the pain is there
You should not wait for behavioral changes to start pain relief, rather you should always, what?
non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs
What are NSAIDs?
Which NSAID are cats very senstive to and should only be given to them in minute amounts if at all?
Which NSAID is poisonous to cats and should NEVER be given to them?
Which NSAID is very powerful and thus most often used for things such as osteoarthrits?
Which NSAID is generally used in horses and dry cows as an anti-inflammatory and pain killer?
Which NSAID is often given to horses for chronic pain, and is very caustic so must be given IV?
Which two NSAIDs are often given routinely for about three days after spays and neuters
Which two Thiazines can cause tranquilization and pain relief, but must be given in micro doses?
Opioids and Opiates
What drugs are the most potent pain relievers, are similar to the endorphins, and have side effects such as sedation, respiratory depression, and bradycardia
Which pain relieving drugs can be given in micro-doses by constant rate infusion?
Which pain treatment is used to decrease pain and swelling at the injured area/ surgery site?
Which form of drug therapy is used mainly in chronic pain cases in horses and dogs?
Which form of drug therapy is used in horses and dogs for acute and chronic pain?
Comfrey, St. Johnswort, Willow
What are three herbal remedies that can be used as pain management?