Chapter 18, World War II: Americans at War

35 terms by knighthawk93 

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Selective Training and Service Act

1940 law requiring all males aged 21-36 to register for military service.

GI

Term used for American soldiers in Warld War II, devised from the term "Government Issue."

Office of War Mobilization

Federal agency formed coordinate issues related to war production during World War II.

Liberty Ship

A type of large, sturdy merchant ship built in World War II.

Victory Garden

A home vegetable garden created to boost food production during World War II.

Atlantic Charter

Agreement signed by President Franklin D. Roosevelt and Prime Minister Winston Churchill in 1941 outlining the two nations' aid.

Carpet Bombing

Method of aerial bombing in which large number of bombs are dropped over a wide area.

D-Day

Code name for the Allied invasion of France on 6 June 1944.

Battle of the Bulge

World War II battle in which German forces launched a final counterattack in the west.

anti-Semitism

Hostility or discrimination toward Jews.

Holocaust

Nazi-Germany's systematic attempt to murder all European Jews.

Concentration Camp

A place where political prisoners are confined, usually under harsh conditions.

Kristallnacht

The name given to the night of violance on 9 November 1938 when Nazi storm troopers loted and destroyed Jewish homes, businesses, and synagogues and arrested thousands of Jews in Germany and Austria.

Warsaw Ghetto

An area of Warsaw sealed off by the Nazis to confine the Jewish population, forcing them into poor , unsanitary conditions.

Wannsee Conference

1942 conference in Germany concerning the plan to murder all European Jews.

Genocide

Organized killing on an entire poeple.

Death Camp

In World War II, a German camp created solely for the purpose of mass murder.

War Refugee Board (WRB)

Federal agency created in 1944 to try to help people threatened with murder by the Nazis.

Nuremberg Trials

Series of trials in 1945 conducted by an International Military Tribunal in which former Nazi leaders were charged with crimes against peace, crimes against humanity, and war crimes.

Bataan Death March

Brutal march of America and Filipino prisoners by Japanese soldiers in 1942.

Geneva Convention

A set of international standards of conduct for treating prisoners of war, established in 1929.

Battle of the Coral Sea

1942 World War II battle between American and Japanese aircraft.

Battle of Midway

1942 World War battle between the United States and Japan, the turning point in the war in the Pacific.

Battle of Gualacanal

1942-1943 World War II battle between the United States and Japan.

Island-hopping

A military strategy used during World War II that involved selectively attacking specific enemy-held islands and bypassing others.

Battle of Leyte Gulf

1944 World War II naval battle between the United States and Japan.

Kamikaze

In World War II, a Japanese suicide plane

Battle of Iwo Jima

1945 World War II battle between the United States and Japan (19 Feb. - 26 Mar.).

Battle of Okinawa

1945 World War II battle between the United States and Japan (1 Apr. - 22 Jun.).

Manhattan Project

Secret American program during World War II to develop an atomic bomb.

Congress of Racial Equality (CORE)

Organization founded by pacifists in 1942 to promote racial equality through peaceful means.

Bracero

A term used in 1942 to describe Mexican farm laborers brought in the United States.

Barrio

A Spanish-speaking neighborhood.

Interned

Confined.

Nisei

A Japanese-American whose parents were born in Japan.

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