Selective Training and Service Act
1940 law requiring all males aged 21-36 to register for military service.
Term used for American soldiers in Warld War II, devised from the term "Government Issue."
Office of War Mobilization
Federal agency formed coordinate issues related to war production during World War II.
Agreement signed by President Franklin D. Roosevelt and Prime Minister Winston Churchill in 1941 outlining the two nations' aid.
Method of aerial bombing in which large number of bombs are dropped over a wide area.
Battle of the Bulge
World War II battle in which German forces launched a final counterattack in the west.
The name given to the night of violance on 9 November 1938 when Nazi storm troopers loted and destroyed Jewish homes, businesses, and synagogues and arrested thousands of Jews in Germany and Austria.
An area of Warsaw sealed off by the Nazis to confine the Jewish population, forcing them into poor , unsanitary conditions.
War Refugee Board (WRB)
Federal agency created in 1944 to try to help people threatened with murder by the Nazis.
Series of trials in 1945 conducted by an International Military Tribunal in which former Nazi leaders were charged with crimes against peace, crimes against humanity, and war crimes.
A set of international standards of conduct for treating prisoners of war, established in 1929.
Battle of Midway
1942 World War battle between the United States and Japan, the turning point in the war in the Pacific.
A military strategy used during World War II that involved selectively attacking specific enemy-held islands and bypassing others.
Battle of Iwo Jima
1945 World War II battle between the United States and Japan (19 Feb. - 26 Mar.).
Congress of Racial Equality (CORE)
Organization founded by pacifists in 1942 to promote racial equality through peaceful means.