SMCS: Social Studies Chpt. 16- Atlantic South America

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Favelas

huge slums located in Northeast Brazil

Gauchos

Argentine cowboys who herd cattle and horses on open grasslands

Mercosur

a trade organization that promotes economic cooperation between its members

Gran Chaco

area consisting of flat, low plains covered in shrubs, low trees, and savannas (Located southwest of the highlands)

Brasilia

Capital of Brazil

Pampas

wide grassy plains located in Central Argentina

Ecomienda

the system under which Spanish monarchs gave land to colonists and also granted them the right to work the natives

Montevideo

the capital of Uruguay

Estuary

a partially enclosed body of water where saltwater and freshwater mix

landlocked

completely surrounded by land, no direct water access

Brazil (statistics)

Country with largest economy and population of any country in Atlantic South America

Argentina

country that gained independence from Spain in 1816

The Parana River

This river and the Amazon drain most of the region

Spain and Portugal

These two European countries have ruled Uruguay

Soil exhaustion

The depletion of soil nutrients that occurs when the same crop is planted repeatedly

Paraguay

95% of this country's population are mestizeo

Beunos Aires

A third of all Argentines live in this city, their capital.

Northern and Coastal regions

These two regions have moist tropical climates

Amazon

Name of the rain forest that provides natural rubber, food, wood, medicinal plants, and countless other products.

Portugal

Brazil won independence from this country in 1822

Spanish

the official language of Uruguay

Northern Asians

The group that probably settled Brazil first

The climates of Atlantic South America

humid tropical, humid subtropical, tropical savanna, and temperate grasslands

Brazil (size)

country that occupies about half of the South American continent

Argentina's government today

Democracy with elected president and legislature

Northeast Brazil

Brazil's poorest region

Argentina (dance)

This country's culture includes the tango

Macumbia

a religion that combines African, Indian, and Roman Catholic religious ideas and practices

The Paraguay River

The river that seperates Paraguay into two regions and runs through its capital

Brazil (culture)

Region whose culture does not include the tango

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