Enslaved people who had been freed by the civil war
The reorganization and rebuilding of the former Confederate states after the Civil War
Ten Percent Plan
Lincoln's plan that allowed a Southern state to form its own government after ten percent of its voters swore an oath of loyalty to the United States
A general pardon for an offense against a government; in general, any act of forgiveness or absolution
Bill passed in 1864 which set forth stringent requirements for Confederate states readmission to the Union. Vetoed by President Lincoln who favored a more lenient plan
Agency created by Congress as the war ended to assist Civil War refugees and freed former slaves.
Abolished slavery everywhere in the united states
Southern laws designed to restrict the rights of the newly freed black slaves
Political party that favored harsh punishment of Southern states after civil war
Made "all persons born or naturalized in the United States" citizens of the country
Punish south, protect former slaves; US military occupation of South, Confederate military leaders needed pardon to hold office, protect Blacks right to vote
Threw out the state governments that had refused to ratify the Fourteenth Amendment—all the former Confederate states except Tennessee. The act also divided the South into five military districts. Army commanders were given broad powers to enforce Reconstruction.
Legal process to formally charge the president with misconduct in office
Banned states from denying African Americans the right to vote
Southern whites who supported republican policy throughout reconstruction
A northerner who went to the South immediately after the Civil War; especially one who tried to gain political advantage or other advantages from the disorganized situation in southern states.
Disposed to preserve existing conditions, institutions, etc., or to restore traditional ones, and to limit change.
Ku Klux Klan
A secret society created by white southerners in 1866 that used terror and violence to keep african americans from obtaining their civil rights
A Southerner form Tennessee, as V.P. when Lincoln was killed, he became president. He opposed radical Republicans who passed Reconstruction Acts over his veto. The first U.S. president to be impeached, he survived the Senate removal by only one vote. He was a very weak president.
Person who rents land from another person and farms in exchange for a share of the crop
A requirement that citizens pay a tax in order to register to vote
Exempted citizens from restrictions on voting they, or their ancestors, had voted in previous elections or served in the conf. military
A social system that provides separate facilities for minority groups
Jim Crow Laws
The "separate but equal" segregation laws state and local laws enacted in the Southern and border states of the United States and enforced between 1876 and 1965
Plessy v. Ferguson
a 1896 Supreme Court decision which legalized state ordered segregation so long as the facilities for blacks and whites were equal
Was an attempt to describe the rise of a South after the Civil War which would no longer be dependent on now-outlawed slave labor or predominantly upon the raising of cotton, but rather a South which was also industrialized and part of a modern national economy