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Lifestyle disease

cause partly by unhealthy behaviors and party by other behaviors

Risk factor

anything that increases the likelihood of injury, disease, or other health problems

Sedentary

not taking part in physical activity on a regular basis

Health

the state of well being in which all of the components of health; physical, emotional, social, mental, spiritual, and envio are in balance

Value

strong belief or ideal

Wellness

achievement of a person's overall health

Health literacy

knowledge of health information needed to make good choices about your health.

Public health

practice of protecting and improving the health of people in a community

Advocate

to speaks out or argues in favor of something.

PSA

created to educate people about an issue.

Life Skills

tools for building a health life

Coping

dealing with troubles or problems in an effective way.

Consequence

results of actions are decisions

Media

Public forms of communication

Resource

something you can use to help achieve a goal.

Consumer

a person who buys products or services.

Collaborate

to work together with one or more people.

Peer pressure

a feeling that you should do something because that is what your friends want

Direct pressure

the pressure that results from someone doing something who tires to convince you to do something you normally would not do.

Indirect pressure

the pressure that results from being swayed to do something because people you look up to are doing it.

Refusal skill

strategies to avoid doing something you don't want to do.

Self esteem

A measure of how much you value, respect, and feel confident of one.

Self-concept

A measure of how one views his/herself.

Integrity

The Characteristic of doing what is right.

Passive

A person who has a communication style that does not offer opposition when challenged or pressured.

Aggressive

To be hostile; unfriendly.

Assertive

to express oneself in a direct, respectful way.

Empathy

the ability to understand another person's feelings or behaviors.

Mental health

state of mental-health, which one can cope with the demands of daily life.

Self-actualization

achievement of the best a person can be

Emotion

feeling that is produces in response to life experiences.

Defense mechanism

an unconscious thought or behavior used to avoid experiencing unpleasant emotions.

Mental disorder

an illness that affects a person's thoughts and actions.

Symptom

change that a person notices in his or her body or mind

Depression

sadness and hopelessness that keep a person from carrying out every day actvities.

Stress

The body and mind's response to a demand.

Stressor

any situation that puts a demand on the body or mind.

Epinephrine

One of the hormones that are released by the body in times of stress

Eustress

positive stress

Distress

Negative stresses that can make a person sick or keep a person from reaching a goal.

Resiliency

the ability to recover form an illness, hardship, and or other stresses/

Asset

A skill or resource that can help reaches a goal.

Prioritize

To arranges items in order of importance.

Grieve

To express deep sadness.

Wake

A ceremony that is held to allow family and friends to view or watch over the deceased person before the funeral.

Funeral

A ceremony in which a deceased person is buried or cremated.

Memorial Service

A ceremony to remember the deceased person.

Suicide

The act of intentionally taking ones own life.

Violence

any physical force that is used to harm people or damage property.

Tolerance

the ability to overlook differences and accept who they are

Bullying

scaring or controlling another person by using threats or physical force/

Negotiation

a bargain or compromise for a peaceful solution to a conflict

Peer mediation

a technique in which a trained outsider who is our age helps people in a conflict come to a peaceful resolution

Neglect

occurs when a caretaker fails to provide basic needs.

Abuse

a physical or emotional harm to someone.

Domestic violence

The use of force to control and maintain power over a spouse in the home

Hazing

harassing newcomers to a group in an abusive and humiliation way.

Sexual abuse

any sexual act without consent

Incest

sexual activity between family members who are not husband and wife.

Sexual harassment

any unwanted remark, behavior, or touch that has sexual content.

Sexual assault

Any sexual activity in which force or threat of force is used.

Date rape

sexual intercourse that is forced on a victim by someone the victim knows.

Physical fitness

the ability of the body to carry out daily physical activities without getting out of breath, sore, or overly tired.

Chronic disease

a disease that develops gradually and continues over a long period of time

Health related-fitness

describes qualities that are needed to maintain and promote a healthy body

RHR

number of times the heart beats per minute

Target heart rate zone

normally between 60 and 85 percent of your maximum heart rate.

FITT

formula made up of four important parts of fitness training.

A

number of times and exercise is repeated.

Set

a set number of repetitions followed by a resting period

Dehydration

a state in which the body has lost more water then has been taken in.

Overtraining

exceeding of the FITT formula

Dietary supplement

any product that is taken by mouth that can contain a dietary ingredient.

Anabolic steroids

synthetic versions of the male hormone.

Sleep deprivation

lack of sleep

Circadian rhythm

the body's internal system for regulating sleeping and waking patterns

Insomnia

An inability to sleep even if one is physically exhausted

Sleep apnea

A serious sleeping disorder in which there are interruptions in normal breathing patterns during sleep.

Nutrition

the science or study of food and the ways the body uses food.

Nutrients

substances in food that provide energy or help form tissues

Carbohydrates

a class of energy-giving nutrients that include sugars, starches, and fiber

Fats

a class of energy-giving nutrients

Proteins

a class of nutrients made up of amino acids

Vitamins

a class of nutrients that contain carbon and are needed in small amounts to maintain health and allow growth.

Minerals

are a class of nutrients that are chemical elements that are needed for certain processes.

Nutrient deficiency

the state of not having enough of a nutrient to maintain good health.

RDAs

are the recommended nutrient intakes that will meet the needs of almost all health people

DVs

recommended daily amounts of a nutrient that are used on food labels to help people see how a food fits into their diet.

Food guide pyramid

a visual tool for planning your diet that divides foods into six food groups

Nutrient density

a measure of the nutrients in a food compared with the energy the food provides.

Vegetarian

a diet in which few or no animal products are eaten.

Hunger

the body's physical response to the need for food.

Appetite

the desire, rather than the need, to eat certain foods

BMR

the minimum amount of energy required to keep the body alive when in a rested and fasting state

Overweight

heavy for one's weight

Obesity

the state of having excess body fat for one's weight

Heredity

passing down of traits from parent to child

Body composition

measure of the proportion of body weight that is made up of fat tissue compared to bone and muscle.

BMI

an index of weight in relation to height that is used to assess healthy body weight

Weight management

program of sensible eating and exercise habits that will help keep your weight a ta healthy level

Fad diet

diet that requires major changes in your eating habits.

Body image

How you see and feel about your appearance.

Anorexia nervosa

eating disorder that involves starvation and low body weight.

Bulimia nervosa

an eating disorder in which the individual repeatedly eats large amounts of food and then vomits or uses laxatives.

Binge eating

eating of a large amount of food in one sitting

Purging

behavior that involves vomiting or misusing laxities to rid the body of food

Food allergy

an abnormal response to a food that is triggered by the body's immune system

Lactose intolerance

a reduced ability to digest the milk sugar lactose

Food-borne illness

an illness caused by eating or drinking a food that contains toxins or diseases

Cross-contamination

the transfer of contaminates from one food to another

Alcohol

drug found in beer, wine, and liquor that causes intoxication

Intoxication

the physical and mental changes produced by drinking alcohol produced my drinking alcohol.

Drug

any substance that causes a change in a persons physical or psychological state

Medicine

any drug that is used to cure, prevents, or treats an illness.

Side effect

any effect that is caused by drug and that is different from the intentional effect

Prescription

a written order from a doctor for a specific medicine

OTC

medicines that can be bought without a prescription

Psychoactive

drugs and medicines that affect the brain and change how we think, or feel.

Generic medicine

a medicine that is made by accompany other than the company that developed the original medicine

Active ingredient

the chemical component that gives a medicine its action

Drug interactions

occur when a drug reacts with another drug, food, or dietary supplement to increase or decrease the effect of one of the substances

Drug tolerance

develops after repeated drug use when the user finds that it takes more of a drug to feel the same effect felt when first using the drug.

BAC

amount of alcohol in a person's blood.

Binge Drinking

the act of drinking 5 or more drinks in one setting

Cirrhosis

disease that replaces healthy liver tissue with scar tissue

Alcohol abuse

drinking to much alcohol

Alcoholism

a disease that causes a person to lose control of his or her drinking behavior

Enabling

helping an addict avoid negative consequences of his or her behavior.

Codependency

condition in which a family member or friend sacrifices his or her own needs to meet the needs of an addict.

FAS

set of physical or mental defects that affect a fetus that has been exposed to alcohol syndrome

Designated driver

A person who chooses not to drink in a social setting so that he or she can safely drive him himself or herself and others

Nicotine

the addictive drug that is found in all tobacco products

Carcinogens

chemicals or agents that cause cancer

Tar

sticky, black substance in tobacco smoke that coats the inside of airways and that contains many carcinogens

Carbon monoxide

a gas that blocks oxygen from getting into the bloodstream.

Emphysema

a respiratory disease in which air cannot move in and out of the lungs because alveoli become blocked or lose their elasticity

Side stream smoke

the smoke that escapes from the tip of a cigarette, cigar, or pipe

Mainstream smoke

smoke that is inhaled through a tobacco product and exhaled by a tobacco smoker.

Environmental tobacco smoke

a combination of exhaled mainstream smoke and side stream smoke.

NRT

a from of medicine that delivers a small amount of nicotine to the body to help a person quit smoking.

Drug abuse

the international improper or usage use of a drug

Overdose

taking of too much of a drug, which causes sickness, loss of consciousness, permanent health damage, or even death

Marijuana

the dried flowers and leaves from the plant Cannabis sativa.

Inhalants

drugs that are inhaled as vapors

Club drugs

are drugs designed to closely resemble common illegal drugs

Anabolic steroids

are synthetic versions of the male hormone testorerone

Stimulant

are drugs that temporarily increase a person's energy and alertness

Depressants

drugs that cause relaxation and sleepiness

Opiates

are a group of highly addictive drugs derived from the poppy plant that are used as pain relievers, anesthetics, and sedatives

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