World Cultures Unit 1: The World WY

44 terms by mikedelpriore 

Create a new folder

Advertisement Upgrade to remove ads

Glencoe 2012

Site

The specific location of a place, including its physical setting

Situation

An expression of relative location

Place

A particular space with physical and human meaning

Regions

Areas with similar characteristics

Formal Region

A region that has a common characteristic, such as a product produced there

Functional Region

A region that is a central place and the surrounding area is linked to it

Perceptual Region

A region defined by popular feelings and images rather than by objective data

Ecosystem

A community of plants and animals that depend upon one another, and their surroundings, for survival

Movement

The act or process of changing place or location

Human-Environment Interaction

The study of the interrelationship between people and their physical environment

Cartography

The process of designing and making maps

Geographic Information Systems (GIS)

Computer tools that process and organize data and satellite images with other types of information gathered by geographers and other scientists

Birthrate

The number of births per year for every 1,000 people

Death Rate

The number of deaths per year for every 1,000 people

Natural Increase

The growth rate, which is the difference between an area's birthrate and its death rate

Migration

The movement of people from place to place

Demographic Transition

A model that uses birthrates and death rates to show changes in the population trends of a country or region

Doubling Time

The number of years it takes a population to double in size

Population Distribution

The pattern of human settlement

Population Density

The number of people living on a square mile or square kilometer of land

Culture

The way of life of a group of people who share similar beliefs and customs

Language Families

Large groups of languages having similar roots

Ethnic Group

Made up of a group of people who share a common language, history, place of origin, or a combination of these elements

Culture Region

Regions that have certain traits in common, like economic systems, forms of government, and social groups

Cultural Diffusion

The process of spreading new knowledge from one culture to another

Culture Hearths

Early centers of civilization whose ideas and practices spread to surrounding areas

Unitary System

System of government that gives all key powers to the national or central government

Federal System

System of government that divides the powers of government between national government and state or provincial governments (i.e. the U.S.)

Autocracy

Any system of government in which the power and authority to rule belong to a single individual

Monarchy

Another form of autocratic government where the king or queen exercises the supreme powers of government

Oligarchy

Any system of government in which a small group holds power

Democracy

Any system of government in which leaders rule with the consent of the citizens

Traditional Economy

Economy in which habit and custom determine the rules for all economic activity

Market Economy

Economy in which individuals and private groups make decisions about what to produce

Mixed Economy

Economy in which the government supports and regulates free enterprise through decisions that affect the marketplace

Command Economy

Economy in which the government owns or directs the means of production and controls the distribution of goods

Natural Resources

Elements from the Earth that are not made by people but can be used by them for food, fuel, or other necessities

Industrialization

The spread of industry

Developed Countries

Countries having much technology and manufacturing

Newly Industrialized Countries

Countries that have moved from primarily agricultural to primarily manufacturing and industrial activities

Developing Countries

Countries working toward greater manufacturing and technology use

Free Trade

The removal of trade barriers so that goods can flow freely among countries

European Union

The world's largest trading bloc and includes many of the countries of Europe

Pollution

The release of unclean or toxic elements into the air, water, and land

Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions above and try again

Example:

Reload the page to try again!

Reload

Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

Star this term

You can study starred terms together

NEW! Voice Recording

Create Set