Advertisement Upgrade to remove ads

1. The foundations for early Christian health ministry were rooted in

A. the teachings of Jesus Christ.
B. Old Testament understandings of health, disease, and service to kin and neighbor.
C. the practices and rituals of the ancient Roman and Greek physicians.
D. both a and b.

D. both a and b.
The teachings of Jesus Christ and the Old Testament understandings of health, disease, and service to kin and neighbor.

2. In what war did nurses begin to address issues of sanitation and nutrition in addition to wound care?

A. The Revolutionary War
B. The Crimean War
C. The Civil War
D. The War of 1812

B. The Crimean War

3. Which of the following statements about Florence Nightingale is true?

A. She made serious nursing care reforms during the Civil War.
B. She worked strictly as a nurse and very little is known about her nursing practices.
C. She played a key role in reducing the death rate of soldiers during the Crimean War.
D. She founded the Sisters of Mercy in 1831.

C. She played a key role in reducing the death rate of soldiers during the Crimean War.

4. What event led to the formalization of the International Red Cross?

A. Clara Barton's establishment of the American chapter of the Red Cross
B. Jean Henri Durant's establishment of united humanitarian associations
C. The establishment of the Sisters of Mercy as a precursor to the Red Cross
D. The Geneva Convention Treaty

D. The Geneva Convention Treaty

5. Dorothea Lynde Dix

A. was a founding member of the Red Cross.
B. organized the first U.S. Army Nurse Corps.
C. was the birth name of abolitionist Sojourner Truth.
D. was none of the above.

B. organized the first U.S. Army Nurse Corps.

6. What was Lillian Wald's role in the development of community health nursing?

A. She helped establish the first public health service.
B. She became the first president of the National Organization for Public Health Nursing.
C. She advocated for measures to prevent the spread of communicable diseases.
D. All of the above are true.

D. All of the above are true.
She helped establish the first public health service, became the first president of the National Organization for Public Health Nursing and advocated for measures to prevent the spread of communicable diseases.

7. Which nursing leader dedicated herself to the distribution of birth control information and is considered the founder of the Planned Parenthood Federation?

A. Mary Breckinridge
B. Margaret Sanger
C. Mary Eliza Mahoney
D. Lavinia Dock

B. Margaret Sanger

8. The establishment of the U.S. Cadet Nurse Corps, which provided nursing schools with federal funds, took place during

A. World War I.
B. the American Civil War.
C. the Korean War.
D. World War II.

D. World War II.

9. Sojourner Truth

A. nursed African American soldiers and trained other women who functioned in nursing roles by performing duties such as wound care and bed making.
B. was a black abolitionist who is best known for her work in the Underground Railroad movement.
C. was matron at the Colored Hospital in Virginia during the war.
D. was none of the above.

A. nursed African American soldiers and trained other women who functioned in nursing roles by performing duties such as wound care and bed making.

10. The first black nurse to graduate from a school of nursing in the United States and was influential in the establishment of the National Association of Colored Graduate Nurses in 1908 was

A. Margaret Sanger.
B. Harriet Tubman.
C. Mary Eliza Mahoney.
D. Isabel Hampton Robb.

C. Mary Eliza Mahoney.

1. The Goldmark report

A. is the first significant nursing study of the labor market in the 20th century.
B. evaluated all types of nursing education for the purpose of establishing minimum educational standards.
C. recommended basic hospital training as well as postgraduate classes and fieldwork in public health nursing education.
D. is described by all of the above.

D. is described by all of the above.
It is the first significant nursing study of the labor market in the 20th century. It has evaluated all types of nursing education for the purpose of establishing minimum educational standards and recommended basic hospital training as well as postgraduate classes and fieldwork in public health nursing education.

2. Which report on nursing encouraged nursing as a profession to conduct more research on issues related to reasons for the nursing shortage and the use of auxiliary personnel?

A. The Brown report
B. The Ginzberg report
C. The Montag study
D. The Lysaught report

B. The Ginzberg report

3. Which of the following is not one of the primary concerns identified by the Pew Health Professions Commission report in 1995?

A. To redesign the national health care workforce with a focus on prevention and health maintenance
B. To right-size health professions, which involved closing some nursing and medical schools
C. To implement the findings of the National Institute of Medicine and National Commission on Nursing studies
D. To develop an interdisciplinary focus in professional education in health care

C. To implement the findings of the National Institute of Medicine and National Commission on Nursing studies

4. The goals of Healthy People 2010: The Cornerstone of Prevention include all of the following except

A. eliminating smoking.
B. exercising moderation in alcohol consumption.
C. increasing life expectancy and improving quality of life.
D. creating health disparities among different segments of the population.

D. creating health disparities among different segments of the population.

5. Which of the following definitions describes the assisting function of nursing as explained in the Montag study?

A. It consisted of simple functions that were based on common knowledge and could be learned through on-the-job training.
B. It consisted of intermediate functions requiring skill, some judgment, and technical training.
C. It consisted of complex functions requiring expert skill and judgment that would be performed by nurses who were graduates of four- or five-year universities.
D. None of the above

A. It consisted of simple functions that were based on common knowledge and could be learned through on-the-job training.

6. A skill or behavior that is measurable and can be evaluated is a(n)

A. credential.
B. competency.
C. informatic.
D. function.

B. competency.

7. According to the text, which of the following is not defined by Montag as a necessary level of functioning by nurses?

A. Technical functions
B. Assisting functions
C. Intervention functions
D. Professional functions

C. Intervention functions

8. One result of the National Institute of Medicine Study was

A. a serious national nursing shortage.
B. a decrease in funding targeted toward graduate study in nursing.
C. a decrease in incorrect diagnoses.
D. an increase in male nurses.

A. a serious national nursing shortage.

9. A letter or certificate that is given to a person to indicate to others that the person has the right to a certain position or authority is called

A. an endowment.
B. an approval.
C. a credential.
D. a competency.

C. a credential.

10. Who was the nurse researcher who conducted the study called An Abstract for Action on nursing education and practice?

A. Mildred Montag
B. Jerome P. Lysaught
C. Inez Hinsvark
D. Katherine Bauer

B. Jerome P. Lysaught

1. The American Nurses Association

A. has the primary purpose to advocate for improved working conditions for nurses and for better patient care.
B. plays a minor role in influencing nursing education.
C. established the American Nurses Credentialing Center to provide certification for nurses in various specialties.
D. has the primary purpose of defining the nursing role.

C. established the American Nurses Credentialing Center to provide certification for nurses in various specialties.

2. What is the purpose of the American Academy of Nursing?

A. Anticipating national and international trends in health care
B. Addressing resulting issues of health care knowledge and policy
C. Advocating for improved working conditions for nurses and for better patient care
D. Both a and b

D. Both a and b
Anticipating national and international trends in health care and addressing resulting issues of health care knowledge and policy

3. Which nursing organization has the goal of establishing graduate training in subjects like economics and various fields of science for nurse educators and administrators?

A. The National League for Nursing
B. Sigma Theta Tau International
C. The American Nurse Credentialing Center
D. The United American Nurses

A. The National League for Nursing

4. The National Council of State Boards of Nursing

A. works with all state nursing organizations and other legal regulatory bodies that are responsible for testing and licensing nurses.
B. is concerned with competency in nursing practice.
C. works to ensure uniform standards for nursing examination, education, and practice throughout the United States.
D. does all of the above.

D. does all of the above.
It works with all state nursing organizations and other legal regulatory bodies that are responsible for testing and licensing nurses, is concerned with competency in nursing practice and works to ensure uniform standards for nursing examination, education, and practice throughout the United States.

5. What nursing organization does not accredit associate degree programs, but is officially recognized by the U.S. secretary of education as a national voluntary accrediting agency?

A. The International Council of Nurses
B. The Commission on Collegiate Nursing Education
C. The National League for Nursing Accrediting Commission
D. The Organization for Associate Degree Nursing

B. The Commission on Collegiate Nursing Education

6. Which of the following statements about the National Organization for Associate Degree Nursing is true?

A. It advocates for non-associate degree nursing education and for practicing nurses with bachelor's degrees.
B. One primary goal is to enable nurses with bachelor's degrees to continue to take the same licensing exam as nurses from baccalaureate programs.
C. It provides a forum for discussing issues that affect associate degree education and practice.
D. The majority of individual members are master's degree educators in community colleges throughout the United States.

C. It provides a forum for discussing issues that affect associate degree education and practice.

7. The International Council of Nurses

A. encourages the development of nursing associations in all countries.
B. is concerned with nursing education.
C. was founded in 1899 by Ethel Gordon Fenwick.
D. is all of the above.

D. is all of the above.
It encourages the development of nursing associations in all countries, is concerned with nursing education and was founded in 1899 by Ethel Gordon Fenwick.

8. Sigma Theta Tau International, Inc. membership

A. is open to all licensed nurses in the United States.
B. is open to nurses and also anyone who is interested in nursing education and health issues.
C. is by invitation only.
D. is none of the above.

C. is by invitation only.

9. Which nursing specialty organization focuses on leadership and professional development, advocacy, and research to advance nursing practice, improve patient care, and shape health care policy?

A. The American Organization of Nurse Executives
B. The American Association of Occupational Health Nurses
C. The American Association of Critical-Care Nurses
D. The National Alliance of Nurse Practitioners

A. The American Organization of Nurse Executives

10. What is the official journal of the ANA?

A. Nursing Outlook
B. Capitol Update
C. Imprint
D. The American Journal of Nursing

D. The American Journal

1. Primary social changes that have occurred in America in the last decade of the twentieth century include factors such as

A. role changes.
B. changes in demographic patterns.
C. a rise in the incidence of certain health problems related to changing lifestyle patterns.
D. all of the above.

D. all of the above.
Role changes, changes in demographic patterns and a rise in the incidence of certain health problems related to changing lifestyle patterns.

2. Which type of alternative therapy is a type of Mexican-American folk healing?

A. Ayurveda
B. Qi Gong
C. Curanderismo
D. Rolfing

C. Curanderismo

3. A cultural healer will use treatment that will consist of all of the following except

A. medication.
B. herbs.
C. prayers.
D. energy manipulation.

A. medication.

4. Which of the following has contributed to a rise in diseases?

A. A tendency toward using parish nurses instead of registered nurses
B. The increase in the homeless population
C. A decrease in health insurance costs
D. The increase in use of alternative therapies

B. The increase in the homeless population

5. Warning signs for meth use identified by the Partnership for a Drug-Free America include all of the following except

A. burns on lips or fingers.
B. passive behavior.
C. increased respirations and temperature.
D. nervous movements.

B. passive behavior.

6. The Office of Alternative Medicine (OAM) was created by ___________________________ in 1993 to investigate the effectiveness of various unconventional medical practices.

A. the National Institutes of Health (NIH)
B. state health departments
C. the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)
D. the National Health Practices Society (NHPS)

A. the National Institutes of Health (NIH)

7. Which of the following is a trend in health care that has occurred over the last forty years?

A. The average length of stay has decreased.
B. The average age of hospitalized patients has increased.
C. The number of hospitalized patients has increased.
D. All of the above are true.

D. All of the above are true.
The average length of stay has decreased, the average age of hospitalized patients has increased and the number of hospitalized patients has increased.

8. A nurse with advanced training including a master's degree in nursing and a nursing specialty is called

A. a parish nurse.
B. a licensed practical nurse.
C. a community healer.
D. a nurse practitioner.

D. a nurse practitioner.

9. It is important for the professional nurse to know that practicing Jehovah's Witnesses

A. participate in prescribed sacraments every day.
B. may refuse blood transfusions for themselves and their children.
C. are strict vegetarians.
D. do not eat pork.

B. may refuse blood transfusions for themselves and their children.

10. Attending to a client's spiritual needs may include all of the following nursing interventions except

A. providing opportunities for prayer or visits from pastors.
B. referring the client to a hospital chaplain, psychologist, or hospice worker.
C. helping clients continue to find support in their beliefs and in the practices of their faith.
D. including the client in the nurse's religious activities.

D. including the client in the nurse's religious activities.

1. Case management

A. is care that is provided under a fixed or preset budget, which allows for greater cost management and cost containment.
B. is a strategy that strives for positive health outcomes while containing costs.
C. is made up of for-profit or not-for-profit multi-hospital systems on any of five levels.
D. serves regions or health care markets with 100,000 residents or greater.

B. is a strategy that strives for positive health outcomes while containing costs.

2. What is Part A of Medicare?

A. It provides an optional insurance plan for visits to physicians and other approved health care providers like chiropractors or nurse practitioners and for outpatient services in hospitals or clinics.
B. It is designed to assist people of low income and those who currently receive other forms of public assistance.
C. It is an automatic plan funded by Social Security taxes that provides coverage for all aspects of hospitalization, including surgery and surgeons' fees.
D. None of the above

C. It is an automatic plan funded by Social Security taxes that provides coverage for all aspects of hospitalization, including surgery and surgeons' fees.

3. Which type of capitated health program involves a paying organization, for example, an HMO or a traditional health insurance company, that negotiates lower rates with certain health care institutions like hospitals or nursing homes or with providers of care like physicians or chiropractors?

A. A preferred provider organization
B. A health maintenance organization
C. An independent practice association
D. A Social Security organization

A. A preferred provider organization

4. Which of the following is a specific type of prospective payment system?

A. Diagnosis-related groups
B. Resource utilization groups
C. Health maintenance groups
D. Both a and b

D. Both a and b, Diagnosis-related groups and Resource utilization groups

5. If nurses want to influence health care policy, it is important for them to know

A. what district they are in.
B. who their legislators are from that district.
C. how to contact legislators at the local, state, and national levels.
D. all of the above.

D. all of the above. What district they are in, who their legislators are from that district, and how to contact legislators at the local, state, and national levels.

6. Organized groups that raise money to elect or defeat candidates who are running for office are called

A. special interest groups.
B. political action committees.
C. non-governmental organizations.
D. lobbies.

B. political action committees.

7. New cost containment efforts, such as rationing of health care and a focus on preventive services and community-based care, are a result of which of the following?

A. A growing aging population
B. The rising cost of health care
C. Increased technological advances
D. All of the above

D. All of the above. A growing aging population, the rising cost of health care and increased technological advances.

8. Sending emails to representatives in Congress to advocate for various causes that are important to patient health and nursing is a form of

A. legislating.
B. bartering.
C. lobbying.
D. testifying.

C. lobbying.

9. The organization founded to represent nursing in Washington DC and testify on issues related to nursing education, practice, and research is the

A. TriCouncil for Nursing.
B. ANA Political Action Committee.
C. independent practice association.
D. American Association of Managed Care Nurses.

A. TriCouncil for Nursing.

10. In a prospective payment system,

A. the member pays a fixed amount per month regardless of whether he or she used services that month.
B. a provider will be reimbursed for a service based on a predetermined and fixed reimbursement amount for that system, regardless of what the service actually costs the provider to render.
C. members are encouraged to use the providers who are willing to give less costly services.
D. a monthly payment is made to a provider of health care to cover contracted health care services for each member enrolled in the program.

B. a provider will be reimbursed for a service based on a predetermined and fixed reimbursement amount for that system, regardless of what the service actually costs the provider to render.

1. In terms of health care delivery, secondary care

A. is usually rendered by one health care practitioner, such as a physician or nurse practitioner in an ambulatory or community-based setting.
B. is generally rendered in emergency departments and in acute care settings like hospitals.
C. usually takes place in long-term care settings like nursing homes, assisted living environments, and centers for rehabilitation.
D. is normally provided in health clinics and health centers.

B. is generally rendered in emergency departments and in acute care settings like hospitals.

2. Which of the following is a nursing function that occurs in the primary care level?

A. Giving immunizations
B. Focusing on chronic conditions
C. Focusing on early treatment of disease
D. None of the above

A. Giving immunizations

3. What federal agency's mission is to save lives, prevent injuries, and develop safety regulations for hospitals and other health care agencies?

A. The Centers for Medicare and Medicaid
B. The Equal Employment Opportunity Commission
C. The Occupational Safety and Health Administration
D. The Association of State Health Departments

C. The Occupational Safety and Health Administration

4. Which of the following statements about the Joint Commission on Accreditation of Healthcare Organizations is true?

A. It is a private, not-for-profit voluntary regulatory organization.
B. It provides regulatory oversight to health care facilities.
C. JCAHO surveyors evaluate the physical facility, the outcomes of care given, and the actual process of care.
D. All of the above

D. All of the above. It is a private, not-for-profit voluntary regulatory organization, it provides regulatory oversight to health care facilities, and JCAHO surveyors evaluate the physical facility, the outcomes of care given, and the actual process of care.

5. Which of the following is a negative effect of increased consumer involvement in health care?

A. The creation of A Patient's Bill of Rights
B. Consumer expectations for accountability in health care have increased
C. The rise of drug-resistant infections
D. More hospitals have consumer advocates on staff

C. The rise of drug-resistant infections

6. The expanding field of computer technology in both health care and academic settings has made possible

A. the universal use of lasers for surgery.
B. the standardization of end-of-life care techniques.
C. distance education programs for nurses.
D. the promotion of intravenous infusion therapy.

C. distance education programs for nurses.

7. The science and art of helping people change their lifestyles to move toward a state of optimal health is called

A. health promotion.
B. health education.
C. health maintenance.
D. health development.

A. health promotion.

8. In terms of health care, what is a drawback to consumers using computers at home and in hospitals?

A. Computers may be used for entering client data in the home.
B. Consumers may use the Internet to acquire unsafe or unsound advice about various diseases and treatments.
C. Consumers are able to stay abreast of work even if they are bed-ridden.
D. Nurses often expect their clients to have background knowledge on their disorders since the information is readily available on the Internet.

B. Consumers may use the Internet to acquire unsafe or unsound advice about various diseases and treatments.

9. How should nurses address the issue of diversity of consumers?

A. Nurses should be culturally sensitive.
B. Nurses should know how to advocate for patients who may not be able to speak for themselves.
C. Nurses should know how to advocate for patients who may not be able to be understood.
D. All of the above

D. All of the above. Nurses should be culturally sensitive, nurses should know how to advocate for patients who may not be able to speak for themselves, and nurses should know how to advocate for patients who may not be able to be understood.

10. Which of the following provides information to the public to assist in the selection of appropriate home and community health services and providers?

A. The Equal Employment Opportunity Commission
B. The National Committee for Quality Assurance
C. The Joint Commission on Accreditation of Healthcare Organizations
D. The Community Health Accreditation Program.

D. The Community Health Accreditation Program.

1. The nurse responsible for the overall management of patients on a hospital unit, including comprehensive care planning, is called

A. the staff manager.
B. the physician's assistant.
C. the unit manager.
D. the chief nurse.

C. the unit manager.

2. Ambulatory care facilities

A. provide skilled nursing as well as physical and occupational therapy, certified home health aide services or personal care aide services, and often some housekeeping services.
B. provide care to people when they do not require hospitalization on an outpatient basis.
C. were designed to keep people with mental illness in their communities rather than in institutions.
D. are government-funded agencies that are generally located in larger communities and serve the needs of the community as a whole.

B. provide care to people when they do not require hospitalization on an outpatient basis.

3. What type of extended care facilities are designed for people who are able to independently engage in many activities of daily living but may need help with some activities?

A. Retirement communities
B. Rehabilitation facilities
C. Nursing homes
D. Assisted living facilities

D. Assisted living facilities

4. Care that generally includes help with basic activities of daily living for people with some degree of physical or cognitive impairment is called

A. skilled care.
B. restorative care.
C. custodial care.
D. remedial care.

C. custodial care.

5. Palliative care is

A. designed to meet the needs of the terminally ill in a homelike facility that provides supportive care.
B. care that alleviates symptoms such as pain, nausea, or constipation.
C. for those in the community who may need a brief vacation from caregiving or who have other responsibilities that necessitate their being out of town.
D. designed for older people and for people with disabilities who cannot safely stay at home alone during the day but who have family support at other times.

B. care that alleviates symptoms such as pain, nausea, or constipation.

6. Which of the following is not one of the three primary ownership and funding designations?

A. Proprietary health care agencies
B. Tertiary health care agencies
C. Voluntary health care agencies
D. Government-funded health care agencies

B. Tertiary health care agencies

7. Respite care

A. is often required by patients of rehabilitation services who have reached their maximum level of function.
B. occurs while a patient stays within a health care facility.
C. is provided by a professional practitioner in the place of caregivers who need time off.
D. alleviates symptoms such as pain, nausea, or constipation.

C. is provided by a professional practitioner in the place of caregivers who need time off.

8. Which of the following is true of nursing homes?

A. Sixty-five percent of people with dementia reside in nursing homes.
B. Basic care is usually provided by unlicensed assistive personnel.
C. Many homes have special units for people who are cognitively impaired.
D. All of the above are true.

D. All of the above are true. Sixty-five percent of people with dementia reside in nursing homes, basic care is usually provided by unlicensed assistive personnel, and many homes have special units for people who are cognitively impaired.

9. All of the following are examples of extended care facilities except

A. dialysis centers.
B. retirement communities.
C. nursing homes.
D. rehabilitation facilities.

A. dialysis centers.

10. When people receive their maximum level of function with rehabilitation services, they may require a level of care called

A. rehabilitation care.
B. palliative care.
C. restorative care.
D. skilled care.

C. restorative care.

1. A system of basic underlying principles is a

A. mission.
B. mission statement.
C. philosophy.
D. credo.

C. philosophy.

2. Strategies

A. are derived from or based on goals and are more specific goal statements.
B. are criteria that are established for use as a rule, measurement, or basis for comparison.
C. can be defined as specific aims, objects, or end results that one hopes to attain.
D. are none of the above.

D. are none of the above.

3. Accountability

A. refers to reliability, dependability, and obligation to accomplish work at an acceptable level.
B. means that someone must be able to explain actions and results.
C. falls on those who are primarily responsible for making administrative decisions.
D. is all of the above.

B. means that someone must be able to explain actions and results.

4. Mission statements for hospitals, nursing homes, and home care agencies usually include information about

A. whom the organization serves.
B. how services will be provided.
C. the funding for the organization.
D. both a and b.

D. both a and b. Whom the organization serves and how services will be provided.

5. An organization in which the decision-making process is collaborative and decisions are made by people who have direct contact with patients and their families is called

A. a decentralized organization.
B. an internalized organization.
C. a centralized organization.
D. a casual organization.

A. a decentralized organization.

6. In an organizational chart, a horizontal line between two positions indicates that the people in those positions

A. work together on projects.
B. were hired around the same time.
C. have equal levels of responsibility.
D. work in the same department.

C. have equal levels of responsibility.

7. An objective is a more specific version of a

A. strategy.
B. philosophy.
C. standard.
D. goal.

D. goal.

8. Reliability, dependability, and obligation to accomplish work at an acceptable level describes

A. responsibility.
B. mission statements.
C. job goals.
D. an organization's philosophy.

A. responsibility.

9. The ANA's Standards of Nursing Practice in Correctional Facilities is an example of

A. specialized standards of care.
B. professional standards of care.
C. institutional standards of care.
D. none of the above.

B. professional standards of care.

10. All of the following explain why it is important for nurses to have an understanding of organizational structure and function except

A. it helps to ensure a safer environment for both patients and employees.
B. it helps nurses gain a foundation in the static and consistent health care environment.
C. it improves and enhances the care that's provided.
D. it allows nurses to work more effectively in their organizations.

B. it helps nurses gain a foundation in the static and consistent health care environment.

1. Which of the following statements about licensed practical nurses is true?

A. They are graduates of four-year baccalaureate programs affiliated with universities.
B. Their training focuses on nursing assessment and nursing diagnosis and the treatment of patients with complex nursing needs.
C. They focus on disease prevention, health maintenance, and health teaching.
D. None of the above

D. None of the above

2. What type of nurse usually works under the direct supervision of a physician but may function independently?

A. Clinical nurse specialist
B. Nurse practitioner
C. Registered nurse
D. Licensed practical nurse

B. Nurse practitioner

3. What type of assistive personnel focuses on helping patients regain skills to carry out normal activities of daily living and to live as independently as possible?

A. Physical therapist
B. Social worker
C. Occupational therapist
D. Certified nursing assistant

C. Occupational therapist

4. Chaplains

A. generally have completed additional clinical pastoral education courses that include clinical hospital and nursing home experience.
B. have special training in areas like bereavement and crisis counseling.
C. may conduct worship services and provide one-on-one counseling and support for residents.
D. do all of the above.

D. do all of the above. Generally have completed additional clinical pastoral education courses that include clinical hospital and nursing home experience, have special training in areas like bereavement and crisis counseling and may conduct worship services and provide one-on-one counseling and support for residents.

5. The Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act of 1987

A. states that all licensed practical nurses need to have associate degrees.
B. promotes and provides funds for all state-sanctioned nursing schools.
C. requires that all nursing assistants working in nursing homes be certified.
D. requires that all occupational and physical therapists be certified when working in federally funded health care centers.

C. requires that all nursing assistants working in nursing homes be certified.

6. Social workers are generally found in

A. hospitals.
B. home care settings.
C. nursing homes.
D. all of the above.

D. all of the above. Hospitals, home care settings, and nursing homes.

7. The primary focus of _________________ is on increasing and improving mobility.

A. occupational therapy
B. physical therapy
C. social therapy
D. mobility therapy

B. physical therapy

8. According to the text, how has the role of the family physician changed in the past decade?

A. Fewer physicians are in private practice.
B. Fewer group practices are being formed.
C. Fewer patients are establishing themselves with family physicians.
D. None of the above

A. Fewer physicians are in private practice.

9. All of the following are true except

A. the primary training for practical nurses is clinical experience.
B. nursing homes generally offer more employment opportunities to practical nurses than any other health care venue.
C. practical nurses work independently
D. practical nurses may work in homes, community-based clinics, and doctors' offices.

C. practical nurses work independently

10. Certified nursing assistants (CNAs) are

A. nurses who hold a master's degree in nursing.
B. nurses responsible for basic medical tasks.
C. unlicensed assistive personnel who work in a hospital or nursing home.
D. responsible for helping patients, nursing home residents, and their families negotiate the health care system.

C. unlicensed assistive personnel who work in a hospital or nursing home.

1. A mid-range theory used in nursing research and clinical practice describes

A. a worldview.
B. a theory of uncertainty.
C. thermodynamics.
D. a systems theory.

B. a theory of uncertainty.

2. Which of the following is not one of Hildegard Peplau's phases of her psychodynamic nursing model?

A. Exploitation
B. Orientation
C. Supplementation
D. Identification

C. Supplementation

3. Nursing in which of the following time periods was characterized by an increased emphasis on the growth of nursing research?

A. 1950s
B. 1940s
C. 1970s
D. 1980s

A. 1950s

4. The goal attainment model, which consists of three interacting systems: personal, interpersonal, and social, was developed by

A. Imogene King.
B. Florence Nightingale.
C. Hildegard Peplau.
D. Dorothea Orem.

A. Imogene King.

5. Most comprehensive nursing theories include a set of assumptions about the nature of

A. health and illness.
B. nursing.
C. the human being.
D. all of the above.

D. all of the above. Health and illness, nursing and the human being.

6. The nursing theories of which three theorists reflect the positivistic philosophy of science, in which knowledge is based on observable, verifiable facts and their relationship to each other?

A. Peplau, King, and Lysaught
B. Orem, Roy, and King
C. Peplau, Henderson, and Levine
D. Shelly, Miller, and Levine

C. Peplau, Henderson, and Levine

7. Which theorist focused primarily on self-care?

A. Imogene King
B. Florence Nightingale
C. Dorothea Orem
D. Sister Callista Roy

C. Dorothea Orem

8. All of the following were factors that influenced nursing in the 1960s except

A. nursing became more community conscious, community based, and community oriented.
B. the focus of medicine shifted from preventive care at home to acute care in a hospital setting.
C. the United States was becoming increasingly multicultural.
D. cost containment became a major factor in the focus of medicine and nursing.

B. the focus of medicine shifted from preventive care at home to acute care in a hospital setting.

9. Which of the following is not true of nursing theorist Martha Rogers?

A. Rogers was the former chair of the nursing department at Princeton University.
B. Rogers is one of the most controversial nursing theorists.
C. The shift toward theorists borrowing ideas from the fields of religion, philosophy, and physical sciences began with Martha Rogers.
D. Rogers's nursing model supplies an appropriate theoretical framework for energy-based touch practices in nursing, such as therapeutic touch and Reiki.

A. Rogers was the former chair of the nursing department at Princeton University.

10. Which theorists used the Old and New Testament scriptures as primary sources for their nursing care model?

A. Peplau and Henderson
B. Lysaught and Leininger
C. Pender and Kolcaba
D. Shelly and Miller

D. Shelly and Miller

1. Ethics

A. is the study of standards of conduct and moral judgment.
B. is considered a branch of moral philosophy.
C. can be defined as principles underlying conduct, thought, and knowledge.
D. is described by both a and b.

D. is described by both a and b. Is the study of standards of conduct and moral judgment and is considered a branch of moral philosophy.

2. Which of the following is not one of the key ethical issues for nurses outlined by the American Nurses Association Code of Ethics for Nurses with Interpretive Statements?

A. The right to privacy and confidentiality
B. The need to be involved in downgrading professional standards of nursing
C. Responsibility and accountability for nursing judgments and actions
D. The responsibility to practice in a safe, competent, ethical, and legal manner

B. The need to be involved in downgrading professional standards of nursing

3. What document is given to all patients when they are admitted to a hospital and is also posted in a public place in a hospital?

A. The Nursing Home Reform Act
B. A Patient's Bill of Rights
C. The Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act
D. The residents' bill of rights

B. A Patient's Bill of Rights

4. Which of the following philosophers was a proponent of utilitarianism?

A. John Stuart Mill
B. Jeremy Bentham
C. Karl Marx
D. Both a and b

D. Both a and b. John Stuart Mill and Jeremy Bentham

5. Which of the following is not one of the three ethical principles that can be considered the ABCs of health care ethics?

A. Caring
B. Autonomy
C. Beneficence
D. Confidentiality

A. Caring

6. Therapeutic cloning involves

A. fertilization of eggs by sperm outside the womb.
B. artificial insemination.
C. destroying the embryo after its stem cells are harvested.
D. all of the above.

C. destroying the embryo after its stem cells are harvested.

7. The National Research Act of 1974

A. has the purpose to identify the full set of genetic instructions contained in cells.
B. mandated ethical review boards for agencies applying for grant funding and also stipulated a minimum of five members on a board.
C. stipulated that any facility receiving federal Medicare reimbursement must inform patients about their right to refuse treatment.
D. indicated that some residents in nursing homes were receiving inadequate care and suffering from abuse and neglect.

B. mandated ethical review boards for agencies applying for grant funding and also stipulated a minimum of five members on a board.

8. Which of the following is a step in the nursing process applied to ethical decision making?

A. Assessment and identification of the problem or identification of the ethical dilemma
B. Planning and decision making with respect to the various options identified
C. Intervention, a phase of implementation, and taking action
D. All of the above

D. All of the above. Assessment and identification of the problem or identification of the ethical dilemma, planning and decision making with respect to the various options identified and intervention, a phase of implementation, and taking action

9. Which document includes information about the social context of nursing and focuses on accountability to the public and professional rights and responsibilities?

A. Code of Ethics for Nurses
B. A Patient's Bill of Rights
C. Nursing's Social Policy Statement
D. Code of Ethics for Nurses with Interpretive Statements

C. Nursing's Social Policy Statement

10. Which nursing author of Called to Care: A Christian Worldview for Nursing defined nursing as a ministry of compassionate care for the whole person?

A. Judith Allen Shelly
B. Anne Boykin
C. Jean Watson
D. Savina O. Schoenhofer

A. Judith Allen Shelly

1. Civil law

A. is a type of public law that is designed to protect society (the public) from harmful and criminal acts of individuals.
B. is concerned with the peace, order, and protection of all members of society.
C. generally involves the protection of both the person and personal property and is concerned with issues that arise between individuals or businesses.
D. is none of the above.

C. generally involves the protection of both the person and personal property and is concerned with issues that arise between individuals or businesses.

2. Which of the following is an example of an unintentional tort?

A. Assault
B. Fraud
C. Malpractice
D. Abandonment

C. Malpractice

3. Social Security is an example of

A. regulatory law.
B. enacted law.
C. constitutional law.
D. common law.

B. enacted law.

4. What law mandates that any health care facility receiving Medicare or Medicaid funds give written information to all patients about their rights to make autonomous decisions about medical care that is intended to extend or preserve life?

A. The Patient Self-Determination Act
B. The Americans with Disabilities Act
C. The Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act
D. The Occupational Safety and Health Act

A. The Patient Self-Determination Act

5. Which of the following statements about contracts is true?

A. They are formal agreements that create legal obligations.
B. They are enforceable by law.
C. The people who sign them are referred to as parties.
D. All of the above

D. All of the above. They are formal agreements that create legal obligations, they are enforceable by law, and the people who sign them are referred to as parties.

6. All of the following statements about charting are true except

A. it is routinely done by nurses in the form of nurses' notes.
B. it is very important to be done accurately and in a timely fashion.
C. it should always be done in pencil.
D. if an error is made, it should be crossed out with one line.

C. it should always be done in pencil.

7. Which of the following is a way to help nurses make their skills up-to-date?

A. In-service
B. Reading nursing practice journals
C. Both a and b
D. None of the above

C. Both a and b. In-service and reading nursing practice journals.

8. All of the following about contracts in nursing are true except

A. they are informal agreements that create legal obligations and are enforceable by law.
B. breaching contract means that both parties have not complied with the terms of the contract and may be subject to some type of court action.
C. they are usually written with terms of the agreement agreed upon orally and not in need of written specifications.
D. all of the above.

D. all of the above.

9. The phrase respondeat superior means

A. that once an employee has signed a contract to work for an employer, that employer is liable or responsible for the employee's actions performed in the scope of his or her employment.
B. that written legal documents are prepared by people when they are mentally competent and preferably in good health.
C. that a specific complaint has arisen when a manager has a specific concern about an employee.
D. that one party has not complied with the terms of the contract and may be subject to some type of court action.

A. that once an employee has signed a contract to work for an employer, that employer is liable or responsible for the employee's actions performed in the scope of his or her employment.

10. Rules that govern the amount of time within which a lawsuit may be brought against a person are called

A. durational torts.
B. advanced directives.
C. statutes of limitations.
D. sunset laws.

C. statutes of limitations.

1. Quality improvement is

A. a philosophy of management that focuses on the prevention of problems that can occur whenever nurses, physicians, nursing assistants, or other members of the health care team give care to patients.
B. an ongoing monitoring process used in health care facilities to ensure that the care given to patients by nurses and other health care staff meets acceptable standards of care and quality.
C. the ongoing process designed to prevent problems and errors that would have adverse effects on patients.
D. a term that has come to mean an overall philosophy of health care that focuses on patient satisfaction with services rendered.

C. the ongoing process designed to prevent problems and errors that would have adverse effects on patients.

2. Which of the following about the American Nurses Association Scope and Standards of Practice is true?

A. The primary purpose of these standards is to assure the public that the nursing care they receive is competent care of good quality and that there are evaluation criteria for nursing activities.
B. They provide nurses with direction and guidance for acceptable nursing practice as well as an evaluation framework.
C. They focus on specific nursing functions, including direct care, consultation, and quality assurance.
D. All of the above

D. All of the above. The primary purpose of these standards is to assure the public that the nursing care they receive is competent care of good quality and that there are evaluation criteria for nursing activities, they provide nurses with direction and guidance for acceptable nursing practice as well as an evaluation framework, and they focus on specific nursing functions, including direct care, consultation, and quality assurance.

3. The goal of health outcomes management is

A. to improve the effectiveness, value, and cost of treatment services across the entire system of care in a facility like a hospital or a nursing home.
B. to develop stages of the patient's recovery from illness or surgery.
C. the identification of standards that should be set in order to improve the situation.
D. to improve the relationship between hospital management and employees.

A. to improve the effectiveness, value, and cost of treatment services across the entire system of care in a facility like a hospital or a nursing home.

4. Which of the following is not a step in the nursing research process?

A. Choosing a sample
B. Testing the hypothesis
C. Defining the problem
D. Collecting data

B. Testing the hypothesis

5. Information management systems

A. can be defined as known facts or information.
B. include the application or research findings to practice.
C. are used to gather, track, and manage information.
D. are all of the above.

C. are used to gather, track, and manage information.

6. When does risk management typically take place?

A. When a potential risk has been identified
B. After a problem in patient care
C. During a problem in patient care
D. Both a and b

D. Both a and b. When a potential risk has been identified and after a problem in patient care.

7. A standard or point of reference used to measure or judge quality or value is called a(n)

A. accreditation standard.
B. standard of practice.
C. benchmark.
D. outcome.

C. benchmark.

8. Which type of nursing studies have a control group and an intervention but lack randomization?

A. Quasi-experimental studies
B. Randomized clinical trials
C. Correlational studies
D. Qualitative research

A. Quasi-experimental studies

9. Which of the following is not one of the factors typically considered by a journal club discussing a research article?

A. Thoroughness of the literature review
B. Strength of sampling procedures
C. Cost of the research process
D. Relevance of the problem to the organization's practice

C. Cost of the research process

10. An article analyzing the effectiveness of a specific treatment for diabetes over several studies is an example of

A. qualitative research.
B. a randomized clinical trial.
C. a correlational study.
D. a meta-analysis.

D. a meta-analysis.

1. The first _______________ were developed in the 1940s to meet nursing needs during and after World War II.

A. diploma programs
B. associate degree nursing programs
C. licensed practical nursing programs
D. generic baccalaureate degree programs

C. licensed practical nursing programs

2. What nursing programs are based on the concept that nurses may desire to progress up the educational ladder at varying rates of speed?

A. Assessment programs
B. Articulation programs
C. RN-to-BSN programs
D. Nurse entrepreneur programs

B. Articulation programs

3. Accreditation

A. is usually a letter or certificate given to a person that certifies that he or she has the right and is qualified to act in certain ways or to perform certain duties.
B. is a credential that indicates that nurses with clinical expertise and advanced knowledge in a specific area of nursing have passed written and performance exams.
C. is a process that provides schools with standards of accountability.
D. is none of the above.

C. is a process that provides schools with standards of accountability.

4. Primary employment for LPNs and LVNs includes which of the following?

A. Hospitals
B. Nursing homes
C. Home settings
D. All of the above

D. All of the above. Hospitals, nursing homes and home settings.

5. Roles and functions of baccalaureate degree nurses are based in part on the

A. American Association of Colleges of Nursing.
B. National League for Nursing Accrediting Commission.
C. Commission on Collegiate Nursing Education.
D. American Medical Association.

A. American Association of Colleges of Nursing.

6. Which of the following is a weakness of diploma programs?

A. Graduates of the program are not required to take the NCLEX-RN exam.
B. There is minimal coursework in liberal arts subjects.
C. There is significant clinical experience.
D. Hospitals have difficulty with staffing while nurses are involved in diploma programs.

B. There is minimal coursework in liberal arts subjects.

7. _________________ programs are the only undergraduate nursing programs that enable graduates to work as public health nurses and as school nurses.

A. Professional
B. Master's
C. Diploma
D. Baccalaureate

D. Baccalaureate

8. Which program evaluates prior skills and academic coursework?

A. Articulation program
B. Assessment program
C. Distance learning program
D. Certification program

B. Assessment program

9. A nurse anesthetist is an example of a(n)

A. clinical nurse specialist.
B. nurse practitioner.
C. master's-prepared nurse.
D. RN.

C. master's-prepared nurse.

10. A situation in which continuing education becomes part of the evaluation criteria for promotion to different jobs within an organization is called

A. career ladder continuing education.
B. credential certification.
C. accreditation.
D. continuing education.

A. career ladder continuing education.

1. Which of the following is one of the five basic characteristics of professional nursing?

A. A unique body of knowledge
B. Specialized expertise
C. Service
D. All of the above

D. All of the above. A unique body of knowledge, specialized expertise and service.

2. Which of the following statements about The Education of Nursing Technicians is true?

A. It's a document published by the National League for Nursing.
B. It proposes the establishment of the role of nurse technician.
C. It identifies three primary roles expected of the associate degree nurse.
D. None of the above

B. It proposes the establishment of the role of nurse technician.

3. The NCLEX board examination is an example of

A. specialized expertise.
B. a competency.
C. a unique body of knowledge.
D. a universal performance standard.

D. a universal performance standard.

4. Competencies can be used

A. by nursing schools to develop their curriculums.
B. as standards to evaluate the performance of employees.
C. to develop practice settings.
D. for both a and b.

D. for both a and b. By nursing schools to develop their curriculums and as standards to evaluate the performance of employees.

5. All of the following are identified by the Educational Competencies for Graduates of Associate Degree Nursing Programs as expected primary roles of the associate degree nurse except

A. practitioner of care.
B. provider of care.
C. manager of care.
D. member within the discipline of nursing.

A. practitioner of care.

6. A nurse who changes a dressing after surgery is working as which of the three primary roles expected of the associate degree nurse?

A. Provider of care
B. Member within the discipline of nursing
C. Hygiene provider
D. Manager of care

A. Provider of care

7. Who was the primary author of The Education of Nursing Technicians?

A. Florence Nightingale
B. Margaret Sanger
C. Mildred Montag
D. The National League for Nursing

C. Mildred Montag

8. The term for establishing priorities for treatment of individual cases, usually following a disaster, is

A. disaster planning.
B. triage.
C. crisis intervention.
D. none of the above.

B. triage.

9. Which of the following is a common specialized situation in which the associate degree nurse may be involved?

A. Crisis intervention
B. Disaster planning
C. Organ donation and procurement
D. All of the above

D. All of the above. Crisis intervention, disaster planning and organ donation and procurement

See More

Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions above and try again

Example:

Reload the page to try again!

Reload

Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

Star this term

You can study starred terms together

NEW! Voice Recording

Create Set