acquired immunodeficiency syndrome
a lack of response to skin testing that indicates the body's inability to mount a normal response to invasion by a pathogen
disease-causing microorganisms carried in the host's blood
a pain-less ulcer that may appear on the tongue, the lips, the genitalia, the rectum, or elsewhere
Clinical drug trial
an internationally recognized research protocol designed to evaluate the efficacy or safety of drugs and to produce scientifically valid results
enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay test
a white lesion on the tongue associated with AIDS
Helper T cells
white blood cells that are a key component of the body's immune system and that work in corrdination with other white blood cells to combat infection
human immunodeficiency virus
having an impaired or weakened immune system
immunofluorescent antibody test
a condition characterized by yellowness of the skin, eyes, mucous membrames during the second stage of hepatitis infection
Abnormal tissue occuring in the skin, and sometimes in the lymph nodes and organs, manifsted by reddish-purple to dark blue patches or spots on the skin
Exposure to a pathogen through mucous membranes
Expsure to a pathogen through a puncture wound or needlestick
Western blot test
specific to individual viruses
through a cycle that involves transmission of pathogens from host to host
How is infectious deseases spread?
How do you present the transmission of all types of pathogens?
sanitize, disinfect, and sterilize instruments, equipment, and surfaces.
How are bloodborne pathogens transmitted?
from one host to another through contact with infected blood, tissue, body fluids, or mucous membranes
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention - identified specific substances that can serve as transmission agents for bloodborne diseases
a symptom that renders use of a remedy or procedure inadvisable, usually because of risk.
blood, blood products, human tissue, semen, vaginal secretions, saliva from dental procedures.
from around the brain and spinal cord
from joints and around tendons
from around the lungs
from the abdominal cavity
from around the heart
from the sac containing a fetus
needlesticks from needles, cuts or abrasions, any body opening, a transfusion Bloodborne
pathogens can be introduced into a new host through
People at increased risk for developing an infectious disease caused by bloodborne pathogens
law enforcement officers, mortuary attendants, firefighters, medical equipment technicians, barbers, cosmetologists
the most common bloodborne hazard health-care workers face.
many people become carriers of hepatitis C without knowing it because they do not experience any symtoms of the virus.
which occurs only in people infected with HBV, is associated with liver cancer
Hepatitis E (HEV)
transmitted by fecal-oral route, usally through contaminated water
patients may experience general alaise, specific symptoms such as nausea and vomiting, or no symptoms at all
The icteric, jaundice stage
yellowness of the skin, eyes, mucous membranes, and excretions which usually appears 5 to 10 days after initial infection
The convalescent stage
occurs after the two acute infection stages and can last from 2 to 3 weeks as symptoms gradually abate
specific precautions required by the department of Health and Human Services Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) to prevent health-care workers from exposing themselves and others to infection by blood-borne pathogens
hepatitis B immune globulin
the monocyte or lymphocyte white blood cells
exposure through a punture wound or needlestick
exposure through a mucous membrane, resulted in infection in a few cases
mouth, lips, genitalia
CONTRACTION - Herpes simplex
skin over ribs, neck, arms, nerves
CONTRACTION - Herpes zoster
CONTRACTION - Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia
neck, armpits, groin
CONTRACTION - Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma
mouth, tongue, mucous membranes
CONTRACTION - Oral candidiasis
CONTRACTION - Vaginal candidiasis
CONTRACTION - Tuberculosis
CONTRACTION - Meningitis