Pharmacolgy chapter 29

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23 terms

Aerobic

organisms that need oxygen to survive

Anaerobic

Organisms that live in the absence of oxygen

Binary fission

Method of reproduction by which a single cell divides into two separate cells

Biology

The study of life

Enzyme

A protein that speeds up a reaction; reducing the amount of energy needed to make that action; a biological catalyst.

Facultative anaerobe

an organism that can live with or without oxygen

Heterotrophic

The ability to reproduce asexually

Microbial

MIcroorganisms, not visible without a microscope.

Microbiology

The study of microscopic organisms

Morphology

Appearance and Grain stain characteristics of an organism; studying organism without studying the function of them

Peptidoglycan

The substance that comprises bacterial cell walls, specifically of gram-negative or gram-positive microbes

Species

Latin meaning "kind"

Taxonomy

The science of classification and nomenclature of organisms

Vector

An entity by which infections are transferred, but the entity of transference does not have the disease and does not need to be living

Virology

Study of viruses

Virus

An organism that replicates by using the host's cell parts, including DNA, ribosomes and proteins

Spontaneous generation

The idea that some organisms were generated from other organisms or their by products

Robert Hooke

Invented the first microscope

Antoni van Leewenhoek

Created a more sophisticated microscope in 1674

The Five Kingdoms

Pnatae, Animalia, Fungi, Protista, Monera

Robert Whittaker

Conceived the idea of the Five Kingdoms

Entameoba histolytica

A parisitic organism that feeds on red blood cells.

Trichomonas vaginalis

A protazoan that causes infection in the urinary tract of males and females.

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