Aseptic technique

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____ means microbes and infection are absent

sterile

the number of microbes or organic debris that exist at a given time is referred to as ____

bioburden

methods used to prevent contamination of the sterile field are referred to as

sterile technique

which term is used to describe "the multiplication of organisms in tissue"?

infection

Escherichia coli normally resides in the lumen of the

intestine

Bacilli are typically found to be in the shape of

rods

bacteria that require oxygen to sustain life are called

aerobic

which pathogen leads in the percentage of surgical site infections?

nonliving particleStaphylococcus aureus

a nonliving particle that is completely reliant on the host cell for survivalis called a____.

virus

a bloodborne pathogen that puts healthcare workers at particular risk is _____.

Hepatitis C

a surgica procedure involving perforated viscera is classififed as a ______.

class IV, dirty wound

most surgica infections occur because because of____.

contamination during the procedure

infection contracted within the health care setting is known as

nosocomial

sterile items and individuals may

contact steile items

fluid bottles may be recapped and reused under what conditions?

none: the bottle may not be recapped

the basis for the practice of strict adherence to sterile technique is called

surgical conscience

the physical removal of blood and body fluids or gross debris from an inanimate object is called_____.

mechanical cleaning

filtered air from the decontamination room is exhausted to the

outside of the health care facility

detergent selection is primarily based on the

type of instrument to be cleaned

when stainless steel instruments are manually cleaned a ______should be used to avoid scratching the surface of the instrument

back and forth motion

what is a limitation of using water as a presoaking solution?

ineffective at removing dried debris

a catalyst used to aid in the breakdown of organic material such as blood and tissue is a

enzyme

the type of chemical cleaner that is least corrosive to surgical instruments is a

neutral pH product

thw ulrasonic washer is an example of a

mechanical decontamination unit

the _____ is used to remove small organic particles and soil from areas of instruments that are difficult to clean manually

ultrasonic washer

to avoid damage, stainless steel instruments should NOTbe placed next to ______in the washer sterilizer.

instruments made from other metals

at the end of the washer sterilizationcycle, instruments are NOT considered

appropriate for use on the patient

low-level disinfection may be appropriate for

noncritical items

pyhsical factors that effect efficiency of disinfection are

temperature, gross debris, bioburden

to prevent the formation of condensate in nested basins(double basin) what must be done?

seperate the basins with a towel

microbes that live on the skin and inside the human body are feferred to as

indigenous

the term used to describe when both organisms benefit from and depend on one another to a certain extent is known as

mutualism

when one organism benefits and the host is harmed is known as

parasitism

E. coli in the intestines produces

vitamin B

bacteria divide by a process called

binary fission

bacteria that reside naturally within the human body and cause no disease unless the opportunity arises are known as

opportunist

bacteria are identified by the shape and form they assume. which of the following is the shape and form of streptococci?

chain of round bacteria

Staphylococci can be identified by a

cluster of bacteria

bacteria is also classified by its need for oxygen and carbon dioxide. which type of bacteria grow best in high concentration of carbon dioxide?

capnophiles

which classificaton is given to bacteria that can survive in an environment with or without oxygen?

facultative anaerobes

which would be best suited for reprocessing surgical instruments exposed to clostridium?

pre-vac

which is the most commonly transmitted bacteria in the operating room?

Staphylococcus aureus

which bacteria can be found as common flora of the skin, hair, and nose?

Staphyloccus aureus

which microorganism is capable of causing endocarditis?

Staphylococcus epidermidis

which microorganism is capable of causing osteomyelitis?

staphylococcus aureus

which microorganism is capable of causeing post-op surgical site infection?

staphylococcus aureus

which microorganism is capable of causing an UTI?

Straphylococcus epidermidis

which microorganism is responsible for causing otitis media?

streptococcus pneumoniae

which microorganism is responsible for causing necrotizing fasciitis?

streptococcus pyogenes

which microorganism is responsible for causing pelvic inflammatory disease?

neisseria gonorrhoeae

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